Birthdays in History on August 22

  • 1601 Georges de Scudéry, French writer and dramatist (L'Amour tyrannique), born in The Havre, France (d. 1667)
  • 1624 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, born in Caen, France (d. 1701)
  • 1647 Denis Papin, French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine), born in Blois, France
  • 1679 Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1758)
  • 1760 Leo XII [Annibale Sermattei], Italian Pope (1823-29), born in Genga, Marche, Italy (d. 1829)
  • 1764 Charles Percier, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1838)
  • 1771 Henry Maudslay, English inventor (metal lathe), born in Woolwich, London (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer and botanist, born in La Rochelle, France (birth date disputed) (d. 1858)
  • 1779 James Kirke Paulding, American author (The Dutchman's Fireside), born in Pleasant Valley, NY (d. 1860)
  • 1788 Thomas Tredgold, English railway engineer and carpenter,born in Brandon, Durham, England (d. 1829)
  • 1795 Abraham Capadose, Dutch physician and missionary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1874)
  • 1800 William S. Harney, U.S. general, born in Madison, Tennessee (d. 1889)
  • 1800 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, born in Trieste, Italy (d. 1865)
  • 1822 George Stoneman, US Union general-major and Governor of California (1883-87), born in Busti, NY (d. 1894)
  • 1822 Virginia Clemm Poe, American wife of writer Edgar Allan Poe, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1847)
  • 1827 Joseph Anthony Mower, American Major General (Union Army), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1870)
  • 1827 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman (E.B. Eddy Company) and politician, born in Vermont (d. 1906)
  • 1834 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1900)
  • 1834 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1836 Archibald M Willard, American artist (Spirit of '76), born in Bedford, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • 1844 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in New York City
  • 1845 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1846 Amalie Skram, Norwegian author (Hellemyrsfolket), born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1905)
  • 1848 Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (Founder of Chicago Daily News), born in Hudson, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • 1852 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy), born in Faenza, Italy (d. 1909)
  • 1854 Milan I, King of Serbia, born in Mărășești, Romania (d. 1901)
  • 1860 Paul G. Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award), born in Lebork, Poland (d. 1940)
  • 1860 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Trzebiechów, Zielona Góra County, Poland (d. 1917)
  • 1865 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1867 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist, born in Aarau, Switzerland (d. 1939)
  • 1867 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor (altimeter, automobile self-starter, and early television pioneer), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1868 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, born in Jamestown, NY (d. 1958)
  • 1873 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher, born in Sokółka, Poland (d. 1928)
  • 1874 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • 1880 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • 1880 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet (d. 1916)
  • 1890 Floyd Henri Allport, American psychologist and sociologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1979)
  • 1891 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish-French-American painter and cubist sculptor, born in Druskininkai, Lithuania (d. 1973)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1895 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician, born in Pierreville, Quebec (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Laurence McKinley Gould, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929, born in Lacota, Michigan (d. 1995)
  • 1900 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (Russian Language Dictionary), born in Kuvshinovo, Tver Oblast, Russia (d. 1964)
  • 1902 Jack Roy Armstrong, English historian (History of Sussex), born in Broadstairs, Kent (d. 1993)
  • 1902 Thomas Pelly, American politician, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1973)
  • 1903 René Wellek, writer (Concepts of Criticism), Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan (d. 1997)

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1907 Colin Buchanan, British town planner (Traffic in Towns), born in Simla, India (d. 2001)
  • 1907 Cyril Astley Clarke, British physician and geneticist, born in Leicester, England (d. 2000)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France (d. 2004)

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Photographer
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • 1909 Stojan T Daskalov, Bulgaria, writer (A Farm)
  • 1911 Somerset de Chair, British writer, MP and poet, born in Somerset (d. 1995)

  • 1912 Edith Porada, art historian and archaeologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Richard Catling, British commissioner of police (Kenya), born in Leiston, Suffolk (d. 2005)
  • 1913 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Robert Martineau, bishop of Blackburn
  • 1915 David Dellinger, American social rights and peace movement leader, born in Wakefield, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1915 James Hillier, Canadian-American inventor (co-created the electron microscope), born in Brantford, Canada (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Mary McGrory, American journalist and columnist, born in Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Earl Cathcart, British major-general
  • 1919 Leo Pliatzky, senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Anthony Tuke, CEO (Savoy Hotel Groups)
  • 1920 Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Pierre A. Lauffer, Antillian poet (Patria), born in Curacao, Venezuela (d. 1981)
  • 1920 Ray Bradbury, American sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451), born in Waukegan, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1921 James Menter, British physicist and principal (Queen Mary College), born in Teynham, Kent (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Gerald Long, journalist and CEO (Reuters), born in York (d. 1998)
  • 1924 Peter Allsop, publisher
  • 1926 Marc Bohan, French fashion designer, born in Paris
  • 1928 Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean diplomat and pro-democracy advocate, born in Moyamba, Sierra Leone
  • 1929 Baroness Ewart-Biggs, British (Labour) spokesperson on Home Affairs, born in British India
  • 1929 Harry McPherson, presidential counsel (Lyndon Johnson) and lobbyist, born in Tyler, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Gerald P Carr, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1932 Theoni Vachliotis Aldredge, Greek-American award winning costume designer, born in Thessaloniki, Greece (d. 2011)
  • 1933 Irmtraud Morgner, German writer, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1990)
  • 1934 Norman Schwarzkopf [Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf], US Army general (Gulf War), born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1935 E. Annie Proulx, American author (Postcards), born in Norwich, Connecticut
  • 1936 Anne Downey, British circuit judge
  • 1937 Max Hebditch, director (Museum of London)
  • 1938 Dale Hawkins, music writer (Suzy Q)
  • 1940 Antony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher/multi-millionaire
  • 1940 John Banham, director-general (CBI)
  • 1941 Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist, born in Wels (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (Cumhuriyet Murder), born in Kırşehir, Turkey (d. 1993)
  • 1943 Alun Michael, British Labour and Co-operative politician, born in Bryngwran, Anglesey
  • 1943 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist, born in Shizuoka, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan
  • 1944 Henk Veldhoen, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Heinenoord, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1945 Derek Fatchett, British Labour politician, born in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1999)
  • 1945 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • 1945 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician, born in Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1946 Felix Meurders, Dutch radio host, born in Maastricht, Netherlands
  • 1947 Bud Cramer, American politician (Rep-D-Alabama), born in Huntsville, Alabama
  • 1949 Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer (The Blue Tower), born in Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1949 Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire, born in Byumba, Rwanda
  • 1950 I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, Advisor to Vice President Dick Cheney and convicted felon, born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1951 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician, born in Chokpur, Taplejung District, Nepal
  • 1955 Will Shetterly, American writer (Dogland), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • 1957 Steve Davis, English professional snooker player, born in Plumstead, London
  • 1959 Pia Gjellerup, Danish Social Democrat politician, born in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • 1962 Marie Laurie Mahabir, North American Bodybuilding Champ (1985-87), born in Le Moule, Guadeloupe
  • 1968 Rich Lowry, American magazine editor and columnist, born in Arlington Country, Virginia
  • 1970 Charlie Connelly, English writer (Attention All Shipping), born in London