Birthdays in History on August 22

  • 1601 Georges de Scudéry, French writer (d. 1667)
  • 1624 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer (d. 1701)
  • 1647 Denis Papin, French physicist (Papiniaanse pot, steam machine)
  • 1679 Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (d. 1758)
  • 1760 Leo XII, [Annibale Sermattei], Italy, Pope (1823-29)
  • 1764 Charles Percier, French architect (d. 1838)
  • 1771 Henry Maudslay, English inventor (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Aimé Bonpland, French explorer (d. 1858)
  • 1779 James Kirke Paulding, American author (d. 1860)
  • 1788 Thomas Tredgold, engineer/carpenter
  • 1795 Abraham Capadose, physician/missionary
  • 1800 William S. Harney, U.S. general (d. 1889)
  • 1800 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (d. 1865)
  • 1811 William Kelly, American inventor (d. 1888)
  • 1822 George Stoneman, US Union general-major/(Gov-California, 1883-87)
  • 1822 Virginia Clemm Poe, wife of Edgar Allan Poe (d. 1847)
  • 1827 Joseph Anthony Mower, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1870)
  • 1827 Ezra Butler Eddy, Canadian businessman, industrialist and politician (d. 1906)
  • 1834 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer (d. 1906)
  • 1836 Archibald M Willard, US, artist (Spirit of '76)
  • 1844 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer whose disastrous expedition provided evidence to support the theory of trans-Arctic oceanic drift, born in New York City
  • 1845 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • 1846 B Amalie Skram-Alver, Norway, writer (Hellemyrsfolket)
  • 1848 Melville E. Stone, American newspaper publisher (d. 1929)
  • 1852 Alfredo Oriani, Italian writer (Political Struggle in Italy)
  • 1854 Milan I, King of Serbia
  • 1860 Paul G Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow Award)
  • 1860 Eleonore of Reuss-Köstritz, tsaritsa of Bulgaria (d. 1917)
  • 1865 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • 1867 Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician and nutritionist (d. 1939)
  • 1867 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor (altimeter, automobile self-starter, and early television pioneer), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1868 Willis Rodney Whitney, Jamestown New York, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research
  • 1873 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (d. 1928)
  • 1874 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte)
  • 1880 George Herriman, American cartoonist (d. 1944)
  • 1880 Gorch Fock, German author and poet (d. 1916)
  • 1890 Floyd Henri Allport, US psychologist/sociologist
  • 1891 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish/French/US painter/cubist sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1893 Dorothy Parker, American short story writer (1958 Marjorie Peabody Award), born in Long Branch, New Jersey (d. 1967)

Short Story Writer Dorothy Parker
Short Story Writer
Dorothy Parker
  • 1895 Paul Comtois, French Canadian politician (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Laurence McKinley Gould, Lacota Michigan, American Geologist and Polar Explorer who was chief scientist and second-in-command on the first expedition to the interior of Antarctica in 1929
  • 1900 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964)
  • 1902 Roy Armstrong, English historian (History of Sussex)
  • 1902 Thomas Pelly, American politician (d. 1973)
  • 1903 René Wellek, writer (Concepts of Criticism), Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), born in Guang'an, Sichuan (d. 1997)

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1907 Colin Buchanan, town planner
  • 1907 Cyril Astley Clarke, British geneticist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer famous for 'The Decisive Moment', born in Chanteloup-en-Brie, France (d. 2004)

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Photographer
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • 1909 Stojan T Daskalov, Bulgaria, writer (A Farm)
  • 1911 Somerset de Chair, British writer, MP and poet, born in Somerset (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Edith Porada, art historian/archaeologist
  • 1912 Richard Catling, commissioner of police (Kenya)
  • 1913 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Robert Martineau, bishop of Blackburn
  • 1915 David Dellinger, American social rights and peace movement leader (d. 2004)
  • 1915 James Hillier, Co-inventor of the electron microscope (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Mary McGrory, American journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Earl Cathcart, British major-general
  • 1919 Leo Pliatzky, senior civil servant
  • 1920 Anthony Tuke, CEO (Savoy Hotel Groups)
  • 1920 Denton Cooley, heart surgeon (1st artifical heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • 1920 Pierre A Lauffer, Antillian poet (Patria)
  • 1920 Ray[mond Douglas] Bradbury, Ill, sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451), (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • 1921 James Menter, principal (Queen Mary College)
  • 1923 Gerald Long, journalist/CEO (Reuters)
  • 1924 Peter Allsop, publisher
  • 1926 Marc Bohan, dress designer
  • 1928 Tinga Seisay, Sierra Leonean diplomat and pro-democracy advocate
  • 1929 Baroness Ewart-Biggs, British (Lab) spokesperson on Home Affairs
  • 1929 Harry McPherson, Tyler, Texas, presidential counsel (Lyndon Johnson) and lobbyist, (d. 2012)
  • 1932 Gerald P Carr, Col USMC/astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1932 Theoni Vachliotis aldredge, award winning costume designer
  • 1933 Irmtraud Morgner, writer
  • 1934 H Norman Schwarzkopf, 4-star Army general (Gulf War), born in Trenton, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1935 E. Annie Proulx, American author
  • 1936 Anne Downey, British circuit judge
  • 1937 Max Hebditch, director (Museum of London)
  • 1938 Dale Hawkins, music writer (Suzy Q)
  • 1940 Antony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher/multi-millionaire
  • 1940 John Banham, director-general (CBI)
  • 1941 Hannspeter Winter, Austrian plasma physicist, born in Wels (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Michael Aldrich, British inventor (online shopping), born in Brocket Hall, England (d. 2014)
  • 1942 Uğur Mumcu, Turkish journalist and writer (d. 1993)
  • 1943 Alun Michael, MP (Labour)
  • 1943 Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist
  • 1944 Henk Veldhoen, biochemist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1945 Derek Fatchett, MP (Labour)
  • 1945 Steve Kroft, American journalist and longtime correspondent for 60 Minutes, born in Kokomo Indiana
  • 1945 Erol Gelenbe, Turkish computer scientist and mathematician
  • 1946 Felix Meurders, Dutch radio host
  • 1947 Bud Cramer, (Rep-D-Alabama)
  • 1949 Þórarinn Eldjárn, Icelandic writer
  • 1949 Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire
  • 1950 I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby, White House Chief of Staff
  • 1951 Chandra Prakash Mainali, Nepalese politician
  • 1955 Will Shetterly, writer
  • 1957 Steve Davis, snooker player
  • 1959 Pia Gjellerup, Danish politician
  • 1962 Marie Laurie Mahabir, Guadeloupe, North American Bodybuilding Champ (1985-87)
  • 1968 Rich Lowry, American magazine editor
  • 1970 Jean-Michel Bombardier, Brantford Ont Canada, ice pairs (1995, 96 Can)
  • 1970 Charlie Connelly, English writer