Birthdays in History in 1819

  • Jan 1 Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • Jan 1 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • Jan 3 Thomas Hill Watts, Atty Gen (Confederacy), (d. 1892)
  • Jan 3 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (d. 1886)
  • Jan 9 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • Jan 12 Zealous Bates Tower, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • Jan 14 Frederick Steele, American Major General (Union Army), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1868)
  • Feb 1 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States," born in London, England (d. 1880)

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Feb 8 John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • Feb 14 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1878)
  • Feb 14 Christopher Sholes, Mooresburg Penn, newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter
  • Feb 19 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author/novelist/writer
  • Feb 20 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • Feb 22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • Mar 11 Henry Tate, English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • Mar 19 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • Mar 22 William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • Mar 26 Louise Otto, Germany, author/feminist
  • Mar 28 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (d. 1891)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Drake, drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • Mar 29 Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • Mar 31 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • Apr 4 Queen Maria II of Portugal (d. 1853)
  • Apr 6 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian librarian
  • Apr 18 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • Apr 28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar (d. 1884)
  • May 1 William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • May 15 Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Russellville, Kentucky (d. 1893)
  • May 16 Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1898)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • May 27 Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • May 28 William Birney, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • May 30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 31 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass), born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • Jun 3 Johann Barthold Jongkind, Lattrop Neth, Dut/Fr painter (Winter Scenes)
  • Jun 5 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune)
  • Jun 10 J D Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine)
  • Jun 12 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!)
  • Jun 14 Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jun 30 William A Wheeler, (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
  • Jul 2 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • Jul 4 Reuben Eaton Fenton, Governor (Union), (d. 1885)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Jul 8 Alexander Hays, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Jul 8 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • Jul 9 Elias Howe, Spencer Mass, invented sewing machine
  • Jul 19 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Herman Melville, American author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), born in New York City (d. 1891)

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Aug 6 Samuel Powhatan Carter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabethton, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • Aug 8 Charles Anderson Dana, Asst Secy War, (Union) (d. 1897)
  • Aug 9 William Thomas Green Morton, dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • Aug 12 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1864)
  • Aug 13 George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)
  • Aug 17 James Henry Van Alen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, born in Glasgow (d. 1894)
  • Aug 26 Albert "Bertie" von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, husband of queen Victoria
  • Sep 6 Nicolae Filimon, Romanian writer and critic (Ciocoii Vechi Si Noi), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 William Starke Rosecrans, American inventor, politician and US Army General (Union Army), born in Delaware County, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Sep 7 Jean E "Adriaan" van Bevervoorde, journalist (History of Holland)
  • Sep 9 Martin Luther Smith, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Sep 14 Henry Jackson Hunt, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1889)
  • Sep 17 Leon Foucault, French physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • Sep 17 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president (Republic South Africa)
  • Sep 17 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st US Vice President (D); died in office in 1885
  • Sep 21 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • Sep 22 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • Sep 28 Jacob G de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar/theologist
  • Oct 2 George Washington Getty, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1901)
  • Oct 6 Willem A Scholten, Dutch potato-flour manufacturer
  • Oct 9 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • Oct 10 Zebulon York, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • Oct 15 Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliography/literary
  • Oct 16 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • Oct 19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • Oct 20 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • Oct 20 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith (d. 1850)
  • Oct 25 Zachariah Cantey Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1882)
  • Nov 10 Cyrus West Field, financier/success of 1st transatlantic cable
  • Nov 22 George Eliot, [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)
  • Nov 23 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • Nov 23 Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
  • Dec 16 Robert Selden Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Dec 17 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Dec 18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • Dec 19 James Clifford Veatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabeth, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 John Geary, 1st SF postmaster, 1st mayor (May 1, 1850)
  • Dec 22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • Dec 23 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • Dec 26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 30 John White Geary, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • Dec 30 Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)