Birthdays in History in 1831

  • Jan 2 Justin Winston, historian/librarian (Harvard)
  • Jan 11 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Halifax County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • Jan 14 John Bullock Clark Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1903)
  • Jan 17 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • Jan 20 Pieter J Joubert, general (South Africa)
  • Jan 26 Mary Mapes Dodge, American writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 28 Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Feb 3 Cyrus Ballou Comstock, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wrentham, Massachusetts (d. 1910)
  • Feb 4 Oliver Ames, 35th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Feb 13 John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1869)
  • Feb 16 Nikolai Leskow, writer
  • Feb 23 Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • Feb 24 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
  • Feb 27 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • Mar 1 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Mar 3 George M Pullman, inventor (railway sleeping car)
  • Mar 6 Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh, German theologist (Home Mission)
  • Mar 6 Philip Henry Sheridan, Major General (Union Army), born in Albany, New York
  • Mar 7 John Bratton [Old Reliable], American physician and Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Winnsboro, South Carolina (d. 1898)
  • Mar 12 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • Mar 15 Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Mar 15 Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • Mar 20 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman (d. 1881)
  • Mar 23 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • Mar 29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • Mar 31 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • Apr 4 Edward Cary Walthall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • Apr 8 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologiost/philosopher/art historian/poet
  • Apr 12 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor
  • Apr 12 George Burgwyn Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Apr 12 Grenville Mellen Dodge, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Danvers, Massachusetts (d. 1916)
  • Apr 14 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer/ambassador in Abyssinia
  • Apr 22 Alexander McDowell McCook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbiana County, Ohio (d. 1903)
  • May 1 Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • May 13 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, Dutch minister of Colonies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 16 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

  • Jun 1 John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Jun 2 Benjamin Hardin Helm, Brigadier General (Conf)/Lincoln's brother-in-law
  • Jun 3 Otho French Strahl, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Jun 5 Marcus Joseph Wright, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1922)
  • Jun 7 Amelia Edwards, English author and Egyptologist (d. 1892)
  • Jun 8 Thomas J. Higgins, decorated Union Army soldier (d. 1917)
  • Jun 13 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1879)
  • Jun 26 Julius Rodenberg, [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace)
  • Jun 29 William Thomas Clark, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1905)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 8 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • Jul 9 Johan P van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter/lithographer/writer
  • Jul 14 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • Jul 17 Xianfeng, Emperor of China (d. 1861)
  • Jul 30 Helene P Blavatsky, founder (Theosophist Cooperation)

  • Aug 16 Edward Payson Chapin, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1863)
  • Aug 16 John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • Aug 19 Stephen Gano Burbridge, "Butcher of Kentucky", American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • Aug 28 Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, 1st lady of the United States (1877-81), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1889)
  • Sep 7 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter (d. 1900)
  • Sep 8 Wilhelm Raabe, [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor)
  • Sep 13 Andrew Noble, Greenock, Scottish Physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics
  • Sep 29 John McAlister Schofield, American Major General (Union Army), born in Gerry, New York (d. 1906)
  • Oct 1 Claudius Charles Wilson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Oct 6 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Oct 15 Helen Maria Hunt Jackson, author (Ramona)
  • Oct 18 Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern, German Kaiser/king of Prussia
  • Oct 31 Daniel Butterfield, American Major General (Union Army), assistant US Treasurer, born in Utica, New York (d. 1901)
  • Oct 31 Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • Nov 8 Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880)
  • Nov 12 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 19 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), born in Moreland Hills, Ohio (d. 1881)

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 21 John Franklin Miller, American lawyer, businessman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1886)
  • Dec 6 Joshua Woodrow Sill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • Dec 10 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist
  • Dec 19 Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • Dec 22 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • Dec 22 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • Dec 27 Lucius Fairchild, American politician, diplomat, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent, Ohio (d. 1896)
  • Dec 29 Adam Badeau, American author, diplomat, and Brevet Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)