Birthdays in History in 1856

  • Jan 9 Anton Askerc, Slavic priest/poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • Jan 9 Lizette Woodworth Reese, US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • Jan 14 J. F. Archibald, Australian journalist and publisher (d. 1919)
  • Feb 5 Otto Brahm, German critic/founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • Feb 14 Frank Harris, England, journalist/writer (My Life & Loves)
  • Feb 15 Frank Harris, Galway England, writer
  • Feb 15 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)
  • Feb 16 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • Feb 21 Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam)
  • Feb 25 Charles Lang Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1876]
  • Mar 1 Florimond Fonteyne, Flemish priest/politician (Volkseeuw)
  • Mar 4 Toru Dutt, English and French poet and author (d. 1877)
  • Mar 4 Alfred William Rich, English painter (d. 1921)
  • Mar 7 Matilde Serao, [Tuffolina], Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • Mar 8 Bramwell Booth, the 2nd General of The Salvation Army (d. 1929)
  • Mar 8 Tom Roberts, Australian artist (d. 1931)
  • Mar 16 E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte, French/English prince
  • Mar 17 Mikhail Vrubel, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 20 Frederick Winslow Taylor, American mechanical engineer and the father of scientific management, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1915)

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor
  • Mar 20 Sir John Lavery, Irish artist (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21 Henry Ossian Flipper, American soldier, former slave and first African American to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1877, born in Thomasville, Georgia (d. 1940)

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Mar 26 David Alfred Thomas, Glamorganshire UK, 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • Apr 1 Acacio Gabriel Viegas, Indian physician (d. 1933)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5 Booker T. Washington, American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia (d. 1915)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Apr 11 Constantly Lievens, Flemish missionary in India
  • Apr 12 William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • Apr 24 Henri POBJ Pétain, French marshal (Verdun/Vichy regime)
  • Apr 26 Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • May 6 Robert Edwin Peary, US, arctic explorer (North Pole-Apr 6 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and father of psychology, born in Freiberg, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • May 13 Peter Henry Emerson, 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • May 15 Lyman Frank Baum, NY, children's book author (Wizard of Oz)
  • May 20 Henri E Cross [Delacroix], French painter
  • May 25 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general (d. 1942)
  • Jun 14 Andrey Markov, Russia, mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • Jun 19 Elbert Hubbard, US, editor/publisher/author (Message to Garcia)
  • Jun 22 Henry Rider Haggard, Norfolk, England, author (King Solomon's Mine, She, Dawn)
  • Jun 30 Gerrit Kalff, writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • Jul 6 Edward Anseele, Belgian minister of Rail/PTT
  • Jul 9 Daniel Guggenheim, US (Guggenheim Museum)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • Jul 21 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • Jul 21 Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st US woman architect
  • Jul 23 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, British-Indian Hindi leader
  • Jul 24 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 George Bernard Shaw, dramatist (Pygmalion-Nobel 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

  • Jul 30 Richard B Haldane, British viscount/lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith)
  • Aug 3 Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Edward L. Doheny, American oil tycoon, born in Fond du lac, Wisconsin

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny
  • Aug 12 "Diamond Jim" Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • Aug 15 J Keir Hardie, 1st Labour representative in British Parliament
  • Aug 17 Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • Aug 20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet/interpreter (Laodania) [NS Sept 1]
  • Aug 20 Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Sorbian writer (d. 1909)
  • Aug 27 Iwan Franko, Ukrainian writer and political activist, born in Nahuievychi, Galicia (d. 1916)
  • Aug 30 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German physicist (d. 1927)
  • Sep 1 Sergei Winogradsky, Russian scientist (d. 1953)
  • Sep 2 Yang Hsiu-ch'ing, commander in chief of Taiping Rebellion

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 3 Louis Sullivan, American architect (father of skyscrapers), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Architect and Father of Skyscrapers Louis Sullivan
Architect and Father of Skyscrapers
Louis Sullivan
  • Sep 23 William Archer, Scotland, writer (Green Goddess)
  • Sep 28 Edward Herbert Thompson, Mass, archaeologist (Mayan civilization)
  • Sep 28 Kate Douglas Wiggins, author (Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm)
  • Oct 15 R G Nivelle, French military man
  • Oct 25 Dragutin Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Croatian paleontologist (d. 1936)
  • Nov 6 Nicholas Nikolajevitsj, ruler of Russia
  • Nov 7 Semyon Zonovyevich Alapin, Vilna, tied for chess 1st place (1878)
  • Nov 13 Louis D Brandeis, Mass, 68th Supreme Court Justice (1916-39)
  • Nov 18 Nikolai Nikolaevich Romanov, Grand Duke of Russia (d. 1929)
  • Nov 22 Heber J Grant, Salt Lake City, 7th President of Mormon church
  • Nov 29 Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German Chancellor/premier Prussia
  • Dec 11 Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist
  • Dec 13 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18 J. J. Thomson, physicist discovered electron (Nobel 1906), born in Manchester, England

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 22 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • Dec 25 Hans von Bartels, German painter (d. 1913)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 28 [Thomas] Woodrow Wilson, Staunton Va, 28th (D) US President (1913-21), Nobel Peace Prize 1919

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 29 Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes integral)