Birthdays in History in 1857

  • Jan 2 Frederick Opper, cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)
  • Jan 2 Martha Carey Thomas, educator/president (Bryn Mawr College)
  • Jan 6 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician (d. 1931)
  • Jan 6 William E. Russell, 37th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 9 Henry B Fuller, American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • Jan 14 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1931)
  • Jan 17 Eugene Augustin Lauste, developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
  • Jan 18 Otto von Below, German commandant (WW I)
  • Jan 23 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • Jan 26 Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama, born in Tibet (d. 1875)
  • Jan 31 George Jackson Churchward, Great Western Railway Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1933)
  • Feb 2 Jan Six, Dutch art historian/art collector
  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen, Copenhagen, Danish Botanist and Geneticist who provided evidence for Hugo de Vries' mutation theory
  • Feb 9 Johannes T de Visser, theologist/Dutch 1st minister of Education
  • Feb 17 Samuel Sidney McClure, Irish-American newspaper editor/publisher
  • Feb 18 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • Feb 21 Jules de Trooz, baron/premier of Belgium (1907)
  • Feb 22 Heinrich Hertz, physicist, 1st to broadcast & receive radio waves
  • Feb 22 Robert Baden-Powell, founder (Boy Scouts, Girl Guides)
  • Feb 26 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
  • Mar 7 Julius Wagner von Jauregg, Austria, psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • Mar 16 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (d. 1936)
  • Mar 22 Arnold Sauwen, Flemish poet (Along the Meuse)
  • Mar 22 Paul Doumer, gov-genl of Indo-China/13th President of France (1931-32)
  • Mar 23 Fannie Farmer, American culinary figure, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 27 Karl Pearson, mathematician, born in London, England
  • Mar 30 Leon Charles Thevenin, French telegraph engineer (d. 1926)
  • Apr 5 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)
  • Apr 10 Henry Ernest Dudeney, mathematician/puzzle maker
  • Apr 14 Victor Horsley, English physician and neuroscientist, born in London (d. 1916)
  • Apr 18 Clarence S Darrow, defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • Apr 19 Lucien Levy-Bruhl, philosopher
  • Apr 20 Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken, painter/author (HW Knife Day)
  • Apr 20 Hermann Bang, Danish writer, born in Asserballe (d. 1912)
  • Apr 29 Edouard Rod, France/Swiss writer (Mishel' Tes'e)
  • Apr 30 Eugen Bleuler, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1940)
  • May 7 William A. MacCorkle, American politician (d. 1930)
  • May 10 Hendrik Zwaardemaker, Dutch physiologist (olfactometer)
  • May 13 Ronald Ross, England, pathologist (Nobel 1902)
  • May 15 Williamina Fleming, Scottish-born astronomer (d. 1911)
  • May 19 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • May 31 Pius XI, [Ambrogio DA Ratti], Italy, 259th Pope (1922-39)
  • Jun 2 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, poet (Poutnici Svetem, Nobel 1917), born in Roholte, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Jun 6 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
  • Jun 18 Henry Clay Folger Jr, US, businessman/Shakespeare fan
  • Jul 5 Clara Zetkin, German women's rights advocate/communist
  • Jul 9 Frederik II W, grandduke of Baden (1907-18)
  • Jul 11 Alfred Binet, French child psychologist
  • Jul 14 Maytag, inventor (washing machine)
  • Jul 21 A S C Wallis, [Adele SC von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer
  • Jul 23 French [M J Francois] Erens, lawyer/literary (Pursue Years)
  • Jul 24 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917), born in Fredericia, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • Jul 25 Frank Sprague, Milford Connecticut, American Inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina
  • Jul 27 Ernest Alfred Thompson Wallis Budge, orientalist/museum curator
  • Jul 27 Jose Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rico, found Federalist Party in 1900
  • Jul 28 Ballington Booth, Brighouse, England, Officer in The Salvation Army and co-founder of Volunteers of America
  • Jul 30 Thorstein Veblen, US, economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899)
  • Aug 8 Henry Osborn, Conn, paleontologist/author (52 Years of Research)
  • Aug 15 Albert Ballin, German shipping tycoon (d. 1918)
  • Aug 18 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate (d. 1926)
  • Sep 6 Zelia Nuttall, American archeologist and historian (d. 1933)
  • Sep 8 Georg Michaelis, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1936)
  • Sep 8 Ida Henrietta Hyde, Davenport Iowa, American physiologist who invented the micro-electrode. She was the first woman allowed to do research at Harvard Medical School and to be elected to the American Physiology Society.
  • Sep 10 James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • Sep 12 George H Breitner, Dutch impressionist painter/water colors painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company) and philanthropist, born in Derry Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1945)

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • Sep 13 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 15 William Howard Taft, (R) 27th pres (1909-13), chief justice, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Sep 17 Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, pioneer in rocket & space research
  • Sep 29 Conrad T van Deventer, lawyer/2nd-Member of parliament
  • Sep 30 Hermann Sudermann, German writer (Honor, That Ehre, Frau Sorge)
  • Oct 2 Marthinus T Steyn, President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902)
  • Oct 14 Elwood Haynes, auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • Oct 29 Conrad Haebler, German historian (Early printers of Spain/Portugal)
  • Oct 30 John H Aberson, 1st chancellor (Dutch Agricultural University)
  • Nov 2 Joseph F F Babinski, Polish/French neurologist (Babinski reflex)
  • Nov 3 Michail V Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff (d. 1918)
  • Nov 5 Ida Tarbell, muckraker (Standard Oil was very unhappy)
  • Nov 22 George Gissing, English author (Thyrza, Crown of Life)
  • Nov 26 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (d. 1913)
  • Nov 27 Charles Scott Sherrington, British physiologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1952)
  • Nov 28 Alfonso XII, king of Spain (1874-85)
  • Nov 29 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (d. 1911)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 3 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • Dec 16 Edward Emerson Barnard, Tenn, astronomer (Jupiter's 5th satellite)
  • Dec 22 George [Robert] Gissing, English novelist