Birthdays in History in 1861

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, 1st lady (1909-12)
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian (d. 1940)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist
  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • Mar 19 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, painter/etcher
  • Apr 14 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • Apr 19 Warden Oncle, [Edward Vermeulen], Flemish farmer/writer
  • Apr 23 Edmund Henry Hynman, 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal
  • Apr 27 Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • May 3 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 6 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher/poet/writer (Nobel 1913), born in Calcutta (d. 1941)

  • May 6 Motilal Nehru, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
  • May 11 Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international scouting movement (d. 1947)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 16 H. H. Holmes [Herman Webster Mudgett], American serial killer, born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire (d. 1896)

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • May 27 Victoria E Matthews, educator
  • May 31 Emily Perkins Bissell, welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • Jun 9 Floris H Verster, [van Wulverhorst], painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • Jun 10 Josephus T J Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem)
  • Jun 10 Pierre M M Duhem, French naturalist/philosopher/historian
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores)
  • Jun 19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WW I)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 19 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, surgeon/co-founder Mayo clinic in Minnesota
  • Jul 11 George William Norris, (Rep/Sen-Neb) (Lame duck-amendement)
  • Jul 23 Alexander W F Idenburg, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1909-16)
  • Jul 25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Anstruther Scotland, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault
  • Jul 29 Alica Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 6 Edith Roosevelt, US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1948)

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
  • Aug 8 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • Aug 10 Almroth Wright, Yorkshire England, bacteriologist
  • Sep 10 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Juhani Aho, Fins journalist/writer (Panu, Tuomio)
  • Sep 17 Owen Seaman, poet/editor (Punch)
  • Sep 20 Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (d. 1955)
  • Sep 23 Edmond H H Allenby, British field marshal
  • Sep 23 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • Sep 28 Amélie of Orléans, queen of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • Sep 30 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • Oct 4 Frederic Remington, US, artist/sculptor of American West

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 10 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic explorer/Nobel Laureate
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Oct 14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • Oct 16 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • Oct 29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • Nov 3 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian/archaeologist
  • Nov 7 Jeff Milton, American lawman (d. 1947)
  • Nov 10 Robert T A Innes, astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Nov 14 Frederick Jackson Turner, Wisc, historian/educator (Harvard U)
  • Nov 18 Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
  • Nov 21 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet
  • Nov 23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 26 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Nov 30 French Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens)
  • Dec 5 Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 15 Charles Edgar Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)