Birthdays in History in 1863

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • Feb 9 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • Feb 17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)
  • Apr 2 Henry C Van de Velde, Flemish painter/architect (Art Nouveau)
  • Apr 12 Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • May 5 Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • May 14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (d. 1938)
  • May 28 Georg Adler, German state economist
  • May 31 Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
  • Jun 4 Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician
  • Jun 10 Louis M A Couperus, Dutch poet/writer (Eline Vere)
  • Jun 11 Eduard David, German undersecretary (constitution of Weimar)
  • Jun 13 Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • Jun 17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21 Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25 Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29 James Harvey Robinson, Ill, historian (Ordeal of Civilization)
  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 19 Hermann Bahr, Austria writer/director (New Men)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, premier/President of France (1913..34)
  • Aug 15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German/Chilian linguist (El Papiamento)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Christ-social theologist
  • Sep 23 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Charles, Lisbon Portugal, king (1889-1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
  • Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I)
  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
  • Oct 13 C-E Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer (Rateau steam turbine)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Nov 8 René [Raphael] Viviani, French historian/social premier (1914-15)
  • Nov 11 Paul Signac, French painter (d. 1935)
  • Nov 14 Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakelite)
  • Nov 18 Richard Dehmel, writer
  • Nov 21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, [Q], editor (Oxford Book of English Verse)
  • Nov 30 Andres Bonifacio, leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Rankovic, Serbian writer (Forest King)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Scuol, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 11 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 12 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar
  • Dec 15 Arthur D Little, US, chemist (patented rayon)
  • Dec 15 Paul [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier [NS]
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spain, philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, US, gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Dec 22 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno)