Birthdays in History in 1866

  • Jan 2 Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • Jan 8 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 9 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Jan 15 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • Jan 20 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • Jan 25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • Jan 29 Romain Rolland, France, writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • Jan 30 Gelett Burgess, author (Purple Cow)
  • Jan 31 Emil Strauss, Germany, writer (Naked Man)
  • Feb 5 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • Feb 5 Henri [Hendrik J] Hall, Dutch MP/comic (Put a Lid on it)
  • Feb 6 Karl T Sapper, German geography/geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • Feb 7 Raf[ael] Verhulst, [Koen Ravestein], Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • Feb 10 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian
  • Feb 15 Bannister Fletcher, architect & architectural historian, born in London, England
  • Feb 16 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [NS=Feb 28]
  • Feb 20 Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 24 Arthur Pearson, Wookey Somerset England, newspaper proprietor
  • Feb 24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 25 Benedetto Croce, Italy, humanist/historian/editor/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 26 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1930)

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • Feb 28 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [OS=2/16]
  • Mar 3 Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • Mar 14 Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942)
  • Mar 15 Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • Mar 15 Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • Mar 17 Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • Mar 18 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • Mar 21 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer
  • Apr 1 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 3 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), born in Wellington, South Africa (d. 1942)

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Apr 4 George P Baker, US playwright (47 Workshop)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Lincoln Steffens, muckraker/journalist (Shame of the Cities)
  • Apr 11 Carla Ford, wife of Henry Ford
  • Apr 11 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet (d. 1953)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 13 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • Apr 14 Anne Sullivan, US teacer, educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • Apr 17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (d. 1927)
  • Apr 19 Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)
  • Apr 22 Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
  • May 5 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • May 7 Cornelis J K van Aalst, president (Dutch Trading Company)
  • May 9 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)
  • May 10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • May 16 Ernest Watson Burgess, US sociologist (ecological school)
  • May 23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • May 24 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • May 26 John Eigenhuis, writer (Tough Workers)
  • Jun 3 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • Jun 4 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (d. 1952)
  • Jun 13 Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Trade scholarship)
  • Jun 20 Ivans, [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer/detective writer
  • Jun 20 Lord George ESMH Carnarvon, England, egyptologist (Tutanchamon)
  • Jun 29 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1934)
  • Jul 3 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter
  • Jul 11 R Beer-Hofmann, writer
  • Jul 11 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • Jul 25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator ("The Tale of Peter Rabbit"), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Aug 5 Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • Aug 8 Matthew A Henson, 1st African American to reach North Pole (Jun 4 1909)
  • Aug 12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • Aug 13 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist (d. 1945)
  • Aug 14 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1962)
  • Aug 17 Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • Aug 30 Georges Minne, Flemish sculptor
  • Sep 2 Hiram Johnson, Progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1945)
  • Sep 7 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist (d. 1947)
  • Sep 10 Jeppe Aakjær, Danish writer (d. 1930)
  • Sep 13 Adolf Meyer, US, psychiatrist/neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene)
  • Sep 21 Charles Jean Henri Nicolle France, bacteriologist (Nobel-1928)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 21 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)

Author H. G. Wells
Author
H. G. Wells
  • Sep 25 Thomas Hunt Morgan, US, biologist (Nobel-1933)
  • Sep 27 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Fra Cancelliraadens Dage)
  • Sep 27 Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic Blessed (d. 1932)
  • Oct 2 Charles de Souzy Ricketts, artist
  • Oct 7 Martha McChesney Berry, US, founded Berry School for Children
  • Oct 7 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)
  • Oct 12 Antonie Waldrop, painter/lithographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • Oct 16 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • Nov 8 Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 12 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and father of modern China, born in Xiangshan [now Zhongshan], Guangdong, Qing Dynasty (d. 1925)

Father of Modern of China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern of China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Nov 13 Abraham Flexner, American educator (d. 1959)
  • Nov 17 Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 28 Henry Bacon, American architect (Lincoln Memorial), born in Watseka, Illinois (d. 1924)

Architect Henry Bacon
Architect
Henry Bacon
  • Dec 4 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • Dec 12 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • Dec 14 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic (d. 1934)
  • Dec 28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Limburg, liberal Second-Member of parliament (1905-19)