Birthdays in History in 1869

  • Jan 13 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WWI)/fascist
  • Jan 15 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • Jan 18 Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • Jan 19 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • Jan 22 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)
  • Jan 23 Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
  • Jan 31 Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
  • Feb 7 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • Feb 11 Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • Feb 11 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • Feb 12 Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • Feb 14 Charles Wilson, English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
  • Feb 23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • Feb 26 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • Feb 27 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • Mar 5 Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
  • Mar 7 Ernst J. Cohen, Dutch chemist
  • Mar 14 Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • Mar 15 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 16 F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21 Albert Kahn, American architect (architect of Detroit), born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Mar 21 Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22 Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), born in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines (d. 1964)

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Mar 25 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
  • Mar 27 James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
  • Mar 29 Ales Hrdlicka, American anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
  • Apr 1 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • Apr 5 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 6 Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
  • Apr 7 David Grandison Fairchild, American botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
  • Apr 8 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • Apr 11 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
  • Apr 11 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
  • Apr 12 Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
  • Apr 17 Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • May 6 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
  • May 18 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • May 19 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
  • May 19 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jun 3 Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
  • Jun 4 Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Vlaanderen
  • Jun 10 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary/headed La Gazette
  • Jun 22 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • Jun 26 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • Jun 27 Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
  • Jun 27 Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
  • Jun 27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)

  • Jul 4 Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • Jul 8 William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • Jul 14 Owen Wister, American novelist (Virginian)
  • Jul 29 Booth Tarkington, American novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
  • Aug 10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Aug 23 Edgar Lee Masters, American poet and novelist (Spoon River Anthology), born in Garnett, Kansas
  • Aug 23 James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, San Francisco mayor (1912-31), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1934)
  • Aug 27 Karl Haushofer, soldier/geographer
  • Sep 4 Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
  • Sep 6 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Sep 7 Margot Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje) (d. 1957)
  • Sep 17 Christian Lange, Norwegian pacifist/internationalist (Nobel 1921)
  • Sep 20 George Robey, [George Edward Wade], comic
  • Sep 20 Marcel Cachin, co-founder (French Communistic Party)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 23 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 8 J. Frank Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Washburn, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • Oct 26 Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • Nov 11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46)/Ethiopia
  • Nov 11 Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (d. 1901)
  • Nov 13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist (d. 1943)
  • Nov 13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian feminist (d. 1962)
  • Nov 18 James E Sullivan, founder (Amateur Athletic Union)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 22 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Nov 23 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer (d. 1942)
  • Nov 24 António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • Nov 25 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer (d. 1934)
  • Nov 26 Maud, Queen of Norway (d. 1938)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden (d. 1937)

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 1 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
  • Dec 2 Jonas Cohn, German/English philosopher (Theory of the Dialects)
  • Dec 5 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (d. 1937)
  • Dec 16 Albert F Pollard, British historian (Dict of natural biography)
  • Dec 16 Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1952)
  • Dec 19 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • Dec 22 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey)
  • Dec 22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • Dec 24 Henriette GA Roland Holst-van der Schalk, Dutch poet (Women in Forest)
  • Dec 30 Adolphe Max, Belgian Rep (Lib)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 31 Henri Matisse, French impressionist painter (Odalisque), born in Le Cateau-Cambresis, France (d. 1954)

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse