Birthdays in History in 1871

  • Jan 7 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • Jan 12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Nantwich, England (d. 1936)

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jan 26 Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • Feb 5 Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • Feb 9 Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
  • Feb 9 Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • Feb 18 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • Mar 4 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • Mar 26 Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)
  • Mar 27 Petrus J M Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • Mar 31 Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (d. 1922)
  • Apr 3 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • Apr 5 Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue)
  • Apr 5 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • Apr 6 Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
  • Apr 8 Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
  • Apr 12 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
  • Apr 16 John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • Apr 20 William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
  • Apr 29 Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • May 4 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • May 6 Ch Morgenstern, writer
  • May 6 Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • May 11 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • May 17 Henricus P Bremmer, art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • May 18 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer
  • May 19 Reginald Aldworth Daly, Napanee Ontario, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping
  • May 26 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47)
  • May 27 Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • Jun 14 Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 17 James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jun 17 Nicolae Iorga, writer/poet/literature historian/President of Romania
  • Jun 22 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • Jul 8 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jul 10 Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • Jul 11 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • Jul 15 Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • Jul 17 Lyonel C A Feininger, US cartoonist/painter
  • Jul 18 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • Aug 2 John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
  • Aug 3 Vernon Louis Parrington, author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • Aug 6 Emanuel Querido, [Joost Mendes], author/publisher
  • Aug 13 Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • Aug 18 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Orville Wright, aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • Aug 21 Leonid N Andrejev, Russian journalist/writer (Red Laugh)
  • Aug 27 Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)
  • Aug 29 Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 30 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • Aug 31 James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
  • Sep 1 J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • Sep 10 Charles Collett, British mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
  • Sep 12 Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
  • Sep 19 Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)
  • Sep 21 Ernst Heldring, Dutch merchant/ship owner/financier
  • Sep 23 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • Sep 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (d. 1934)
  • Sep 27 Grazia Deledda, Italian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
  • Sep 28 Pietro Badoglio, Grazzano Monferrato, Italy, General/Libyan Governor (1928-33) and Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44)
  • Sep 30 John Fabricius, Neth/English stageauthor (Ring of Prophet)
  • Oct 2 Cordell Hull, US Secretary of State (1933-44), lowered tariffs (Nobel 1945)
  • Oct 2 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect (d. 1959)
  • Oct 3 Stijn Streuvels, [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard)
  • Oct 9 Gerrit Bolkestein, minister of Education (1939-4-)
  • Oct 9 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal (d. 1940)
  • Oct 9 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar.
  • Oct 11 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, born in Fredrikstad, Norway (d. 1943)
  • Oct 19 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • Oct 26 Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
  • Oct 29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1 Stephen Crane, novelist/poet (Red Badge of Courage), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1900)

Novelist Stephen Crane
Novelist
Stephen Crane
  • Nov 9 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences
  • Nov 10 Winston Churchill, US, author (Crisis, Crossing)
  • Nov 15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian Botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Nov 20 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher/educator
  • Nov 27 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist (d. 1950)
  • Dec 5 Bill Pickett, American cowboy and rodeo performer who invented bulldogging, born in Jenks-Branch, Texas (d. 1932)
  • Dec 13 Herman T Colenbrander, Dutch historian
  • Dec 13 Russell W Porter, Vermont, explorer (Alaska)
  • Dec 13 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (d. 1945)