Birthdays in History in 1874

  • Jan 1 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • Jan 1 Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • Jan 4 Svend Fleuron, Danish writer, born on Good Katrinedal (d. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger
  • Jan 13 Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
  • Jan 14 Thornton Waldo Burgess, author (Peter Rabbit)
  • Jan 16 Robert Service, England, Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • Jan 22 Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • Jan 22 Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • Jan 24 Arthur Schomburg (Arturo Alfonso), Puerto Rico, archivist of African American history and culture
  • Jan 25 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • Jan 25 [William] Somerset Maugham, British novelist/poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 29 John D. Rockefeller Jr, American financier and philanthropist, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • Feb 1 Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrian poet/dramatist/essayist
  • Feb 3 Gertrude Stein, Penn, author (Autobiography of Alice B Toklas)
  • Feb 6 Milton Bennett Medary, American architect (Washington Chapel)
  • Feb 9 Amy Lowell, American poet and critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1925)
  • Feb 11 Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • Feb 13 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch politician (social-democratic)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 15 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 17 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., American businessman (Chairman and CEO of IBM, 1914-1956), born in Campbell, New York (d. 1956)

Businessman and Entrepreneur Thomas J. Watson
Businessman and Entrepreneur
Thomas J. Watson
  • Feb 23 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • Mar 1 Jean de Merode, [Marie-Louise B Courtenay], Princess of Neth
  • Mar 5 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch writer (The World a Dancing Party)
  • Mar 14 Anton F Philips, president-director of Philips
  • Mar 15 Harold L Ickes, social activist, New Deal politician
  • Mar 15 Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (d. 1951)
  • Mar 17 Stephen Samuel Wise, American Rabbi and President of Zionist Org of America, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1949)
  • Mar 18 Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
  • Mar 20 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (d. 1945)
  • Mar 22 Ellen Glasgow, novelist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 24 Harry Houdini [Erich Weiss], Famous magician and escape artist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Mar 24 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president of Italy (1948-55)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 Robert Frost, American poet (Mending Wall, Road Not Taken), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1963)

  • Apr 8 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (d. 1960)
  • Apr 14 Count Alexander, of Athlone, gov-gen (South-Africa/Canada)
  • Apr 15 Johannes Stark, German physicist (Stark effect) (Nobel 1919)
  • Apr 15 George Harrison Shull, American plant geneticist (d. 1954)
  • Apr 18 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (d. 1941)
  • Apr 19 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter
  • Apr 19 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)
  • Apr 24 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 Willem E Roelofs, Dutch painter/cartoonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 25 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian radio inventor (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Apr 28 Karl Kraus, satirical writer, born in Jičín, Austrian-Hungarian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Apr 30 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest/writer
  • May 1 Romaine Brooks (born Beatrice Romaine Goddard), American painter , born in Rome, Italy
  • May 3 Francois Coty, Corsica, Corsican senator/perfume maker
  • May 3 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (d. 1954)
  • May 10 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
  • May 12 Clemens Freiherr von Pirquet, Austrian physician (Reaction of Pirquet)

  • May 20 Folkert E Posthuma, Dutch minister of Agriculture/Industry
  • May 22 Daniel François Malan, Prime Minister of South Africa (1948-54) who began the implementation of apartheid, born in Riebeek-Wes, Cape Colony (d. 1959)
  • May 26 Henry Farman, French aviation pioneer (double decker)
  • May 27 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)
  • May 29 G. K. Chesterton [Gilbert Keith], English writer (Man Who Made Gold), born in London, England
  • Jun 13 Leopoldo Lugones, Argentina, writer
  • Jun 14 Edward Bowes, radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 16 Arthur Meighen, 9th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1920-21, 1926), born in Anderson, Ontario (d. 1960)

9th Prime Minister of Canada Arthur Meighen
9th Prime Minister of Canada
Arthur Meighen
  • Jun 19 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1 Michel H Campen, author/critic (Bikoerim)
  • Jul 3 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language. born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • Jul 7 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
  • Jul 14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • Jul 14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • Jul 24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer (d. 1917)
  • Jul 25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • Jul 28 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), born in Silesia, Prussia (d. 1945)
  • Jul 29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • Jul 29 James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)
  • Aug 3 Eugene Baie, Belgian author (Sub rosa et sub umbra)
  • Aug 6 Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (d. 1932)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Herbert Hoover, 31st US President (R: 1929-1933), born in West Branch, Iowa (d. 1964)

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Aug 14 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Egyptian lawyer, journalist and nationalist activist, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1908)
  • Aug 15 Joseph Klausner, Polish-Israeli new testament expert, born in Valkininkai, Lithuania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 21 Herman Adrian van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • Aug 22 Max Scheler, German philosopher (Vom Umsturz der Werte), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1928)
  • Aug 26 Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • Aug 27 Karl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, Nobel 1931)
  • Aug 31 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), born in Williamsburg, Massachusetts (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Ismar Elbogen, German/US rabbi (Encyclopedia Judaica)
  • Sep 13 Henry Fountain Ashurst, American politician (d. 1962)
  • Sep 17 Ben[jamin] Turpin, American comic (Uncle Tom Without the Cabin)
  • Sep 18 Johannes Anker Larsen, Danish writer (Vises Sten)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 26 Charles Vyner Brooke, 3rd and last White Rajah of Sarawak (1917-46), born in London, England (d. 1963)

3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Vyner Brooke
3rd and Last White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Vyner Brooke
  • Oct 6 Frank G. Allen, 51st Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • Oct 9 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1947)
  • Oct 14 Margarete Susman, writer
  • Oct 15 Prince Alfred of Edinburgh (d. 1899)
  • Oct 21 Albert Aftalion, Bulgaria/French economist
  • Oct 26 Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 27 Owen D. Young, American industrialist (RCA) and diplomat (Young Plan), born in Stark, New York (d. 1962)

Diplomat and Industrialist Owen D. Young
Diplomat and Industrialist
Owen D. Young
  • Nov 4 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander (d. 1920)
  • Nov 9 Albert Francis Blakeslee, Geneseo New York, American Botanist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 August Krogh [Schack], Danish zoophysiologist (arterioles and capillaries, Nobel 1920), born in Grenaa, Jutland, Denmark (d. 1949)

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • Nov 18 Carrie White, oldest US woman (dies Nov 1990 at 116)
  • Nov 18 Clarence Shepard Day, American author (Life with Father), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 20 James Michael Curley, 53rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Nov 26 Edmond Fleg[enheimer], Swiss/French author (Ecoute Israel)
  • Nov 27 Chaim Weizmann, Israeli statesman (1st President)
  • Nov 27 Charles A Beard, American historian (American Continentalism)
  • Nov 29 Antonio Egas Moniz, Portuguese lobotomist (Nobel 1949)
  • Nov 29 Francis Dodd, British artist (d. 1949)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Winston Churchill, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II and winner of the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature, born in Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England (d. 1965)

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), born in Clifton, Prince Edward Island (d. 1942)

  • Dec 8 Ernst Moro, Austrian physician (d. 1951)
  • Dec 12 Volter A Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa)
  • Dec 13 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 17 Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (1921-30, 1935-48), born in Berlin, Ontario (d. 1950)

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Dec 21 Juan Bautista Sacasa, President of Nicaragua (1932-36)
  • Dec 22 Herman Harrell Horne, philosopher (idealism), born in Clayton, North Carolina