Birthdays in History in 1879

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1970)

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • Jan 1 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • Jan 1 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • Jan 1 William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
  • Jan 2 Johannes L "Jan" Walch, Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • Jan 2 Pieter Tesch, Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • Jan 3 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
  • Jan 5 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (d. 1946)
  • Jan 7 St Bernadette (Marie-Bernarde Soubirous), 1844(?), religious visionary
  • Jan 11 Antonio Beltramelli, writer
  • Jan 15 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • Jan 18 Henri Giraud, French general (d. 1949)
  • Jan 19 Marie Koenen, author/wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • Jan 19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • Jan 26 Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans, Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
  • Feb 6 Carl Ramsauer, professor of physics and a research physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Berlin, Germany
  • Feb 9 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist
  • Feb 13 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
  • Feb 17 Dorothy Canfield Fisher, US, novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
  • Feb 23 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • Feb 23 Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
  • Feb 24 Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Sun)
  • Mar 4 Bernhard Kellermann, writer
  • Mar 5 Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • Mar 8 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, bavaria (d. 1958)
  • Mar 8 Otto Hahn, German physicist/chemist (Nobel 44, radiothorium/actinium)
  • Mar 11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 14 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland (d. 1966)

  • Mar 20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 26 Othmar Ammann, Swiss bridge engineer (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Edward Steichen, pioneered American photography
  • Apr 9 Gerald Festus Kelly, artist
  • Apr 11 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • Apr 12 Frederick G Melcher, US, publisher/editor/founded children's book week
  • Apr 13 Edward Bruce, Director art projects (d. 1943)
  • Apr 14 James Branch Cabell, American novelist/essayist (Restless Heads)
  • Apr 15 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer (d. 1980)
  • Apr 19 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz)
  • Apr 20 Robert Lynd, Irish writer/critic (Pleasures of Ignorance)
  • Apr 20 Paul Poiret, French couturier (d. 1944)
  • Apr 21 Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
  • Apr 23 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), born in Heidelberg (d. 1941)
  • Apr 26 Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)
  • Apr 28 Edgar Tytgat, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Apr 28 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1972)

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • May 3 Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman (d. 1950)
  • May 5 Symon Petlyura, leader Ukraine (pogroms)
  • May 6 Bedrich Hrozny, Czech orientalist (d. 1952)
  • May 10 Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
  • May 17 Simon Petlyura, Ukrainian independence fighter (d. 1926)
  • May 19 Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, US/Eng's feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor
  • May 24 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's and founder (d. 1956)
  • May 25 W Maxwell Aitken lord Beaverbrook, Canada/English banker
  • May 27 Hans Lammers, German SS officer (d. 1962)
  • May 28 Milutin Milankovic, Yugoslavian astronomer/meteorologist
  • Jun 2 Adolf Herckenrath, Flemish playwright/poet (Avondvlam)
  • Jun 3 Pieter J A Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer
  • Jun 3 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • Jun 4 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator (d. 1964)
  • Jun 5 Robert Mayer, German-born philanthropist (d. 1985)
  • Jun 6 L Patrick Abercrombie, English architect
  • Jun 7 Knud J V Rasmussen, Danish pole explorer (Thule)
  • Jun 7 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer (d. 1963)
  • Jun 9 Oscar Back, Austrian-Dutch viola player
  • Jun 13 Johannes G Geelkerken, Dutch reformed vicar
  • Jun 16 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • Jun 16 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees the boy)
  • Jun 21 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist/illustrator (Candide)
  • Jun 22 Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • Jun 23 William Ewart Berry, 1st viscount Camrose/English nobleman
  • Jul 1 Leon Jouhaux, France, socialist/co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951)
  • Jul 3 Alfred Korzybski, Polish linguist (d. 1950)
  • Jul 9 Friedrich Adler, Austria social-democrat/murderer of premier Storgkh
  • Jul 9 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
  • Jul 10 Harry Nicholls Holmes, Penn, Dr (crystallized vitamin A)
  • Jul 27 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza)
  • Aug 6 Joseph Wirth, German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)
  • Aug 8 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • Aug 8 Bob Smith, American founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • Aug 18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian general (d. 1970)
  • Aug 29 Han Yong-woon, Hongsung County Korea, Zen teacher
  • Aug 31 Joshihito, emperor of Japan (1912-26)
  • Aug 31 Alma Mahler, wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel (d. 1964)
  • Sep 2 An Jung-geun, Korean nationalist and assassin of Itō Hirobumi (d. 1910)
  • Sep 12 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter
  • Sep 12 H de Bie, Dutch lawyer (children's law)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 14 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • Sep 15 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • Sep 17 Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social Reformer (d. 1973)
  • Sep 20 Victor Seastrom, Silbodal Sweden, director (Wind, Under the Red Robe)
  • Sep 25 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and labor leader, Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar (d. 1963)
  • Sep 26 Petko J Todorov, Bulgaria, writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee)
  • Sep 27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician (d. 1934)
  • Oct 2 Wallace Stevens, poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 4 Edward Murray East, Du Quoin Illinois, American Botanist and Geneticist who developed hybrid corn
  • Oct 28 Channing H. Cox, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • Oct 29 Franz JHMM von Papen, German diplomat/chancellor (1932)
  • Oct 29 Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • Nov 1 Pal Teleki-von Szek, geographer/premier Hungary (1920-21, 39-41)
  • Nov 3 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canada, Arctic explorer/ethnologist
  • Nov 6 Eugen Varga, Hungarian/Russian economist/politician
  • Nov 7 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher/glass painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Nov 8 King Baggot I, director (Tumbleweeds), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Nov 9 Milan Šufflay, Croatian politician (d. 1931)
  • Nov 10 Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, US, poet (Gen William Booth enters Heaven)
  • Nov 10 Patrick Pearse, Irish political activist (d. 1916)
  • Nov 17 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • Nov 19 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author/poet (Geuzenstad)
  • Nov 20 Franz Pfemfert, writer
  • Dec 5 Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)
  • Dec 12 Friedrich Christiansen, nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland
  • Dec 15 Hugo W C Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer
  • Dec 18 Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss/German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)
  • Dec 21 Theodore Limperg, business economist (substitute value)
  • Dec 22 Ralph Hawtrey, Buckinghamshire England, economist (multiplier)
  • Dec 22 Stanislas Bizot, French world checker champion (1925)
  • Dec 24 Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (d. 1941)
  • Dec 29 Billy Mitchell, aviation hero Gen (WW I)
  • Dec 30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)