Birthdays in History in 1881

  • Jan 1 Carry van Bridges, [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • Jan 1 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • Jan 4 Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German painter/poet/sculptor (Seated Youth)
  • Jan 8 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • Jan 9 Giovanni Papini, Italy, writer (Il Diavolo)
  • Jan 9 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic (Revaluations)
  • Jan 9 Edouard Beaupré, horse lifter (d. 1904)
  • Jan 13 Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • Jan 17 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • Jan 17 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)
  • Jan 18 Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Librairie Gallimard) [or 1908]
  • Jan 25 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man)
  • Jan 31 Irving Langmuir, inventor (tungsten filament lamp/Nobel 1932)
  • Jan 31 Joseph A Cushman, US, palaentologist
  • Jan 31 Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina/choreographer, born in St Petersburg, (d. 1931)
  • Feb 4 Kliment J Woroshilov, marshal/president USSR (1953-60)
  • Feb 4 Fernand Léger, French painter (d. 1955)
  • Feb 5 Frederick Leonard Lonsdale, British playwright (Balkan Princess)
  • Feb 13 Eleanor Farjeon, English writer (Martin Pippin)
  • Feb 14 Otto Selz, German psychologist
  • Feb 14 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet/scholar (Ynys yr Hud)
  • Feb 16 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
  • Feb 19 Evert Gorter, founder of Dutch medical child care
  • Feb 19 Paul Zech, German writer, born in Briesen, Western Prussia (d. 1946)
  • Feb 20 Pedro Munoz Seca, Spanish playwright (Vengeanza de Don Mendo)
  • Feb 21 Savilly Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • Feb 22 Joseph B. Ely, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • Feb 25 William Foster, Mass, Communist Presidential candidate (1924,28,32)
  • Feb 27 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician
  • Feb 27 Sveinn Bjornsson, 1st president of Iceland (1944-52)/poet (Figur ild)
  • Mar 4 Todor Aleksandrov, 19th century Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1924)
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sigismund Stribling, American writer (d. 1965)
  • Mar 4 Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (d. 1948)
  • Mar 9 Enver Pasja, Turkish general/politician
  • Mar 9 Ernest Bevin, British minister of Labour/Foreign affairs
  • Mar 10 Thomas Quinlan (impresario) (d. 1951)
  • Mar 12 Daniel Webster Hoan, Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • Mar 12 Gunnar Nordström, Finnish physicist (d. 1923)
  • Mar 13 Balthazar H Verhagen, Neth/South African dramatist/writer
  • Mar 17 Kristian Elster, Norwegian author (Less bror Harris)
  • Mar 17 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
  • Mar 23 Hermann Staudinger, Germany, chemist/plastics researcher (Nobel '53)
  • Mar 23 Roger Martin du Guard, France, novelist (Les Thibault-Nobel 1937)
  • Mar 25 Louis Dosfel, Flemish lawyer/writer (Assault!)
  • Mar 25 Mary Gladys Webb, English writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 3 Alcide de Gasperi, Italian premier (1945..53)
  • Apr 3 Margaret MJ "Daisy" Ashford, English author (Young Sisters)
  • Apr 4 Charles Funk, Ohio, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls)
  • Apr 14 Anton Wildgans, Austrian writer/director (Burg Theater)
  • Apr 16 Edward Frederick Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax/ambassador to US (1940-46)
  • Apr 17 Anton Wildgans, writer
  • Apr 18 Max Weber, Polish/Russian/US painter
  • Apr 21 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter/caricaturist (Rocks of Oran)
  • Apr 22 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • Apr 25 Hans Windisch, German new testament expert
  • May 1 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, France, philosopher/paleontologist
  • May 4 Aleksandr F Kerenski, Russian premier (1917-Prelude to Bolshevism)
  • May 11 Theodore von Kármán, Hungarian physicist (d. 1963)
  • May 14 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 1st President of Turkey (1923-38) and founder of the Republic of Turkey, born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1938)

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • May 20 Wladyslaw Sikorski, premier Poland (WW II general)
  • May 27 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer
  • May 30 Georg von Küchler, German field marshal (d. 1968)
  • Jun 1 Charles Kay Ogden, English writer and linguist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 3 Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (d. 1964)
  • Jun 4 Natalia Goncharova, Russian painter (d. 1962)
  • Jun 18 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch labor leader
  • Jun 26 Ya'akov Cahan, Hebrew poet and writer, born in Slutsk, Belarus (d. 1960)
  • Jul 1 Piet[er] L Kramer, architect (Amsterdam School)
  • Jul 2 Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
  • Jul 4 Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • Jul 5 Augustyn Hlond, Polish cardinal
  • Jul 6 Josef Winckler, German dentist/writer (Quadriga, Pumpernickel)
  • Jul 12 Ludwig Rubiner, writer [or June 12]
  • Jul 19 Adriaan J Zoetmulder, Dutch writer/directer (Eindhovens Dagblad)
  • Jul 19 Friedrich J H Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist)
  • Jul 20 Leon de Smet, Flemish painter
  • Jul 26 Alexander J Kropholler, architect

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 27 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Jul 30 Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)
  • Aug 1 Emilie Rose Macaulay, English writer
  • Aug 2 Ethel Mary Dell, English author (Storm Drift)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 5 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration and member of FDR's Brain Trust, born in Fort Scott, Kansas (d. 1942)

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 6 Alexander Fleming, bacteriologist (penicillin; Nobel 1954), born in London, England (d. 1955)

  • Aug 6 Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (d. 1972)
  • Aug 8 Paul L E von Kleist, German general-fieldmarshal (Eastern Front)
  • Aug 10 Albrecht M Sprenger, landbuilder
  • Aug 13 Jacqueline [Pierrette] R van Stuwe, [Eline v S], Dutch author
  • Aug 15 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (d. 1956)
  • Aug 20 Edgar Albert Guest, poet/newspaperman, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Aug 23 Louis Schelfhout, Dutch painter/graphic artist
  • Aug 29 Valery Nicolas Larbaud, France, novelist/translator (Enfantines)
  • Sep 5 Otto Bauer, Austrian social-democrat
  • Sep 7 Constantly WL Scheurleer, Dutch archaeologist/banker/art expert
  • Sep 12 Daniel Jones, England phoneticist (English pronouncing dictionary)
  • Sep 15 Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French automobile designer and manufacturer (Automobiles E. Bugatti), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1947)
  • Sep 16 Clive Bell, English art critic (d. 1964)
  • Sep 17 Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (d. 1955)
  • Sep 25 Lu Xun, Chinese writer (d. 1936)
  • Sep 26 Hiram Wesley Evans, American member of the Ku Klux Klan (d. 1966)
  • Sep 29 Ludwig von Mises, Austrian Economist
  • Oct 1 William Edward Boeing, founded aircraft co (Boeing)
  • Oct 4 [Heinrich A H] Walther von Brauchitsch, German fieldmarshal
  • Oct 5 Otto V Kuusinen, Fin/Rus communist President of Karelo-Finnish SR (1940-56)
  • Oct 7 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (d. 1918)
  • Oct 11 Stark Young, US critic/writer (So Red the Rose)
  • Oct 11 Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
  • Oct 12 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), born in Berlin Wisconsin (d. 1955)
  • Oct 15 P. G. Wodehouse, British-American writer (Bertie Wooster novels), born in Guilford (d. 1975)
  • Oct 22 Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
  • Oct 24 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 25 Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist (3 Dancers, Guernica), born in Malaga, Andalusia, Spain (d. 1973)

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • Oct 30 Lena Christ, German writer (The Rumplhanni), born in Glonn, Bavaria (d. 1920)
  • Oct 30 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and author (d. 1941)
  • Nov 4 Milton Rosmer, Southport England, director (Murder in the Red Barn)
  • Nov 5 George A. Malcolm, American jurist & educator (d. 1961)
  • Nov 8 Frank Speck, American Anthropologist (Algonquin Tribes and Eastern Woodland Native Americans), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 8 Robert Esnault-Pelterie, French Engineer and aviation pioneer who contributed to early heavier-than-air flight in Europe, born in Paris, France
  • Nov 12 Olev Siinmaa, Estonian architect (d. 1948)
  • Nov 12 Maximilian von Weichs, German field marshal (d. 1954)
  • Nov 15 Franklin P Adams, columnist (Information Please), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Nov 17 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh Dutch/MP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 25 Pope John XXIII [Angelo Roncalli], 261st Pope (1958-63), born in Bergamo, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1963)

  • Nov 28 Stefan Zweig, poet/essayist/dramatist (Beware of Pity), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Dec 4 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)
  • Dec 8 Padraic Colum, Irish poet/novelist/poet (Collected Poems)
  • Dec 17 Johannes CB "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter
  • Dec 22 Enver Pasa, Istanbul Turkey, Turkish politician
  • Dec 24 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spain, poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956)
  • Dec 31 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro chemistry)
  • Dec 31 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pipelines, Jewish Song)
  • Dec 31 Max Pechstein, German "entartet" painter/graphic artist (The Bridge)