Birthdays in History in 1883

  • Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 3 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jan 4 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist/Neth 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • Jan 4 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Khalil Gibran, Lebanon, mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)
  • Jan 7 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WW II)
  • Jan 8 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj) [NS]
  • Jan 20 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • Jan 21 Olav Aukrust, Norway, poet
  • Jan 21 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • Feb 3 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Feb 7 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • Feb 8 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • Feb 15 Sax Rohmer (real name Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward), English author of Dr Fu Manchu novels (d. 1959)
  • Feb 16 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • Feb 20 Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • Feb 22 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • Feb 23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • Feb 25 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
  • Mar 3 Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 5 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Mar 12 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • Mar 16 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • Mar 17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • Mar 19 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • Mar 23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • Mar 24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist/old-catholic bishop
  • Mar 27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (d. 1980)
  • Mar 29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
  • Mar 29 Dora Carrington, Hereford UK, British Bloomsbury artist
  • Mar 30 Jo Davidson, US, sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)
  • Apr 6 Mien Labberton, Dutch poetress
  • Apr 7 Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • Apr 8 R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
  • Apr 12 Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)
  • Apr 13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Apr 15 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 19 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54) and modernizer, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Apr 19 Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)
  • Apr 24 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik) [or April 30]
  • Apr 25 Elsa Maxwell, Keokuk Iowa, writer (Jack Paar Show)
  • Apr 27 Hubert Harrison, St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter
  • May 5 Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • May 6 Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]
  • May 7 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Church Jesus Christ)
  • May 13 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • May 13 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
  • May 14 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • May 14 Julian Eltinge, Mass, vaudeville star/greatest female impersonator
  • May 18 Walter Gropius, architect (Bauhaus school of design), born in Berlin, Germany
  • May 19 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • May 20 Paul Arntzenius, painter/graphic artist/etcher
  • May 28 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian activist (d. 1966)
  • May 28 Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (d. 1978)
  • May 31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • Jun 2 Bokke R S Pollema, Dutch Frisian journalist/author (Lock of Hair)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1946)

  • Jun 7 Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
  • Jun 11 Frank O King, Cashton Wisc, cartoonist (Gasoline Alley)
  • Jun 14 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian bible expert
  • Jun 21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement) (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 28 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jul 1 Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
  • Jul 3 Alfred Korzybski, Poland, scientist (Science & Sanity)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jul 3 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • Jul 4 Alan Brooke, English general [or Jul 23]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4 Rube Goldberg, cartoonist (who made the easy outrageously difficult) Pulitzer Prize 1948, born in San Francisco, California

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • Jul 10 Johann Blaskowitz, German general
  • Jul 17 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • Jul 23 Alan Francis Brooke, 1st viscount Alanbrooke fieldmarshal [or Jul 4]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 29 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), born in Predappio, Forlì, Italy (d. 1945)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • Aug 6 Scott Nearing, US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
  • Aug 7 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • Aug 11 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), born in Colmar, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1914)
  • Aug 12 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • Aug 14 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)
  • Aug 15 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • Aug 19 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel)
  • Aug 19 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • Aug 19 Leonid Kulik, Tartu Estonia, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history
  • Aug 23 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, U.S. general (d. 1953)
  • Aug 30 Theo Van Doesburg, [Christian EM Kupper], painter/architect (Style)
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, "The Red Archduchess" (d. 1963)
  • Sep 10 Euphemia "Phemia" Molkenboer, Dutch author/poster artist
  • Sep 11 Grogorij J Zinovjev, [Gerson Radomyslski], Russian
  • Sep 14 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)
  • Sep 15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • Sep 16 T. E. Hulme, English writer (d. 1917)
  • Sep 17 William Carlos Williams, American poet
  • Sep 20 John G van Dillen, historian (Of Wealth & Oligarchists)
  • Sep 20 Maria Baers, Flemish social female worker/senator
  • Sep 30 Robert H Lightfoot, English theologist/exegetist (St John's Gospel)
  • Sep 30 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
  • Oct 14 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)
  • Oct 17 A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • Oct 22 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American Writer and Philosopher (Think and Grow Rich)(d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)
  • Nov 2 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, cardinal and archbishop of Quebec (d. 1947)
  • Nov 7 Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, Newport New Va, TV preacher
  • Nov 14 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek premier (1945, 50, 51-52)
  • Nov 18 Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
  • Nov 23 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Along the water front)
  • Nov 23 Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexico, painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
  • Nov 25 Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic (d. 1939)
  • Dec 4 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author (d. 1969)
  • Dec 9 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal/supreme commander
  • Dec 9 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • Dec 10 Andrej J Vysjinski, Russian lawyer/foreign min/UN-ambassador
  • Dec 13 Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (d. 1950)
  • Dec 14 Morihei Ueshiba "the founder" founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido
  • Dec 19 Louis Davids, [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer
  • Dec 19 [Francis] Barry Byrne, architect, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 22 Arthur James Cook, England, union leader (coal miners)
  • Dec 23 Hubert M E Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45)
  • Dec 25 Maurice Utrillo, France, painter (Port St Martin, Montmartre)
  • Dec 26 Carl Oscar Ahues, Germany, International Chess Master (1950)
  • Dec 26 Frank Debenham, Australian geographer/geologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 27 Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and steel magnate, born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia (d. 1979)

Steel Magnate Cyrus S. Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus S. Eaton
  • Dec 28 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)