Birthdays in History in 1884

  • Jan 2 Jacques Chardonne, [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
  • Jan 3 Eli S Jones, US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
  • Jan 18 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • Jan 20 A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • Jan 21 Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter
  • Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • Jan 26 Edward Sapir, Germany, linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews, US, scientist/explorer
  • Jan 28 Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard
  • Jan 28 Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard
  • Jan 28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • Jan 31 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russia, novelist/playwright (We)
  • Feb 2 Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/General Spanish rep army
  • Feb 4 Julius Callewaert, Flemish dominican/bringing up children
  • Feb 9 Frederik Gerretson, [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)
  • Feb 10 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
  • Feb 12 Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist
  • Feb 12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Feb 12 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • Feb 14 Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet (d. 1974)
  • Feb 16 Robert Flaherty, Father of documentary film (Nanook of North), born in Iron Mountain, Michegan (d. 1957)
  • Feb 17 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • Feb 18 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • Feb 23 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • Feb 26 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • Mar 11 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • Mar 13 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
  • Mar 13 Hugh S Walpole, NZ, novelist/playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
  • Mar 13 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)
  • Mar 14 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist
  • Mar 18 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • Mar 21 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • Mar 24 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • Mar 25 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • Apr 2 Sir John Squire, British poet, writer, and historian (d. 1958))
  • Apr 4 Isoroku Yamamoto, Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet (WWII), born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)
  • Apr 7 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • Apr 7 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • Apr 12 Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • Apr 17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob
  • Apr 20 Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
  • Apr 22 John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
  • May 2 Francois de Vries, Dutch economist
  • May 5 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 8 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (D - 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri (d. 1972)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • May 21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • May 23 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • May 28 Edvard Benes, premier/president of Czechoslovakia (1921-22, 35-48)
  • May 28 Theo(door) van Reijn, Dutch sculptor/lithographer
  • Jun 5 Ivy Compton-Burnett, novelist
  • Jun 7 Julius P. Hoste, Belgium minister/daily newspaper publisher (Last News)
  • Jun 13 Anton Drexler, founder of the German Worker's Party (d. 1942)
  • Jun 13 Gerald Gardner, British occultist (d. 1964)
  • Jun 13 Etienne Gilson, French philosopher (d. 1978)
  • Jun 17 Christina C Bakker-van Bosse, feminist/pacifist
  • Jun 18 Edouard Daladier, premier France (1933..40)
  • Jun 19 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer (d. 1974)
  • Jun 21 Claude "Auk" Auchinleck, British fieldmarshal North-Africa
  • Jun 25 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German art promoter (d. 1979)
  • Jun 27 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu)
  • Jun 28 Lamina Sankoh, early Sierra Leonean nationalist (d. 1964)
  • Jun 30 Georges Duhamel, French author (d. 1966)
  • Jul 2 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist (d. 1931)
  • Jul 4 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian/archaeologist
  • Jul 6 Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac, French painter/cartoonist
  • Jul 6 Harold Vanderbilt, NY, America Cup (1930,34,37)/inv contract bridge
  • Jul 6 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam)
  • Jul 7 Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • Jul 12 Amedeo Modigliani, Italy, painter/sculptor (Reclining Nude)
  • Jul 13 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • Jul 16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • Jul 18 Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
  • Jul 23 Albert Warner, US producer (Warner Bros)
  • Jul 24 Abraham Rutgers, Dutch governor (Suriname, 1928-33)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Jul 29 Henri Liebrecht, Belgian playwright/journalist
  • Jul 29 Ralph A. Bard, U.S. Navy Undersecretary (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • Aug 2 Rómulo Gallegos, President of Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • Aug 8 Sara Teasdale, US, poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
  • Aug 10 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • Aug 12 Frank Arthur Swinnerton, English novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
  • Aug 16 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • Aug 16 Hugo Gernsback, sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo)
  • Aug 16 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)
  • Aug 23 Ogden L. Mills, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1927-1932 (d. 1937)
  • Aug 26 Earl Biggers, author ("Charlie Chan" detective series)
  • Aug 27 Vincent Auriol, president of France (1947-53)
  • Aug 29 Ehm Welk [Thomas Trimm], German writer, born in Biesenbrow, Brandenburg (d. 1966)
  • Aug 30 Theodor Svedberg, Sweden, chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
  • Aug 31 George Al Sarton, Belgian/US historian
  • Sep 2 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
  • Sep 17 Bastiaan de Gaay Fortman, Dutch historian/Justice of Curacao

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher, born in NYC, New York (d. 1947)

  • Sep 24 Hugo Schmeisser, German weapons designer (d. 1953)
  • Sep 25 Cornelis "Kees" Boeke, Dutch educationalist
  • Oct 5 Hendrik W Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer/politcian (CHU 1939-63)
  • Oct 8 Walther von Reichenau, German military officer (d. 1942)
  • Oct 9 Helene Deutsch, [Rosenbach], psychoanalyst (Boston)
  • Oct 9 Martin Elmer Johnson, explorer/photographer
  • Oct 10 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer/writer (Bint)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 11 Eleanor Roosevelt, American 1st lady (1933-1945) human rights advocate (UN), born in New York City (d. 1962)

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Oct 11 Friedrich C R Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel)
  • Oct 11 Sig Ruman, [Siegfried Rumann], Hamburg Germany
  • Oct 15 Arch Hoxsey, pioneer aviator (d. 1910)
  • Oct 16 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • Oct 25 Eduardo Barrios, Chile, novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy)
  • Nov 3 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch author (Me Own Way)
  • Nov 4 Harry Ferguson, Northern Irish aviator and inventor (d. 1960)
  • Nov 5 James Elroy Flecker, English poet/dramatist (Hassan)
  • Nov 8 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • Nov 10 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet/author (Bird Phoenix)
  • Nov 20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • Nov 22 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani biographer of Muhammad (d. 1953)
  • Nov 24 Michel de Klerk, architect (Amsterdam School)
  • Nov 24 Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • Dec 1 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
  • Dec 2 Ruth Draper, US, lecture artist [or 1989]
  • Dec 3 Rajendra Prasad, first President of India (d. 1963)
  • Dec 3 Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1965)
  • Dec 6 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • Dec 10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian-born painter (d. 1967)
  • Dec 14 Regina Ullmann, writer
  • Dec 18 Philippe van Isacker, Belgian minister
  • Dec 19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • Dec 20 Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl, Dutch nazi collaborator/traitor
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 30 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo (d. 1948)

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo