Birthdays in History in 1887

  • Jan 1 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
  • Jan 3 Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
  • Jan 3 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • Jan 10 Robinson Jeffers, US, poet/playwright (Tamar & Other Poems, Medea)
  • Jan 11 Aldo Leopold, founder (Wilderness Society)
  • Jan 13 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • Jan 17 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • Jan 19 Alexander Woollcott, NJ, short story writer (Man Who Came to Dinner)
  • Jan 22 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • Jan 25 Diego Valeri, Italian author/poet (Le Gaie Tristezze)
  • Jan 26 Enrique E Ecker, Curacao, bacteriologist
  • Jan 26 Marc A "Pete" Mitscher, US lt-admiral (WW II-Task Force 58)
  • Jan 27 Carl Blegen, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Feb 1 Dirk Roosenburg, Dutch architect
  • Feb 1 Charles Nordhoff, English-born author (d. 1947)
  • Feb 3 Georg Trakl, Austrian poet (Autumn of the Lonely)
  • Feb 3 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Tramonto del grande attore)
  • Feb 3 Juan Negrín, Spanish Prime Minister (d. 1956)
  • Feb 6 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne (d. 1978)
  • Feb 9 Vital Celen, Flemish writer (Puppy Love)
  • Feb 10 [Fran J] Vital Celen, Flemish literary/author [or Feb 9]
  • Feb 11 John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
  • Feb 13 Alvin York, famed US WWI soldier (Medal of Honor), led attack on German machine gun nest, born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • Feb 15 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • Feb 18 Nikos Kasandsakis, Heraklion, Crete, Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ)
  • Feb 20 Hesketh Pearson, England, biographer/playwright (Writ for Libel)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 20 Vincent Massey, Canadian diplomat, first Canadian-born Governor General of Canada (1952-59), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1967)

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey
  • Feb 21 Savielly [Xavier] G Tartakower, Austrian/Polish/French chess player
  • Feb 22 Mary Ellen Chase, educator/author (Windswept, 1959 Sarah Hale Award)
  • Feb 24 Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
  • Feb 26 Benegal Narsing Rau, India, President of UN Security Council (1950)
  • Feb 26 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 27 James D Innes, English painter
  • Mar 9 Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
  • Mar 10 Toshitsugu Takamatsu, Grandmaster of Ninjutsu (d. 1972)
  • Mar 14 George Creten, Belgian sculptor/painter
  • Mar 14 Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
  • Mar 15 Marjorie Merriweather Post, American socialite and businesswoman (d. 1973)
  • Mar 17 Ben Sajet, Dutch physician/politician
  • Mar 21 Edwin Scharff, German "entartet" painter/sculptor
  • Mar 23 Felix Yussupov, Russian aristocrat, best known for participating in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin
  • Mar 23 Juan Gris, Spain, cubist painter (Still Life Before an Open Window)
  • Mar 23 Sidney Hillman, union leader (Sidney Hillman Foundation)
  • Mar 30 Albert P Termote, Flemish/Dutch sculptor (Charles the Great)
  • Apr 1 Leonard Bloomfield, US linguist
  • Apr 4 William Cumming Rose, Greenville South Carolina, American Biochemist who discovered threonine (an amino acid)
  • Apr 10 Bernardo A Houssay, Argentine physiologist (Nobel 1947)
  • Apr 13 Gordon S. Fahrni, Canadian physician and President of the Canadian Medical Association (d. 1995)
  • Apr 21 Lillian Walker, entertainer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Apr 24 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (d. 1931)
  • May 5 Estelle Hemsley, Boston MA
  • May 5 Lord Geoffrey Fisher of Lambeth, archbishop of Canterbury
  • May 7 Henri Pourrat, French writer (Gaspard of the Montagnes)
  • May 9 Jules Van de Leene, Belgian writer
  • May 9 Sir Ernest de Silva, Sri Lankan Philanthropist (d. 1957)
  • May 10 Jacobus C Bloem, Dutch poet (Sintels)
  • May 16 Jakob van Hoddis [Hans Davidsohn], German Jewish poet (d. 1942?)
  • May 18 Ernst Wiechert, writer
  • May 23 Thoralf Skolem, Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
  • May 24 Edward "Mick" Mannock, Irish WWI flying ace (d. 1918)
  • May 25 Pio of Pietrelcina, Catholic saint (d. 1968)
  • May 27 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
  • May 27 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts)
  • May 30 Alexander Archipenko, Ukraine sculptor/lithographer
  • May 31 Saint-John Perse, France, poet/diplomat (Nobel 1960) [or Mar 31]
  • Jun 5 Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist (Patterns of Culture), born in NYC, New York (d. 1948)
  • Jun 7 William Walraven, Dutch journalist/writer (Indian Daily)
  • Jun 13 Bruno Frank, German-born writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1945)
  • Jun 20 Arnaut Colnot, painter/graphic artist
  • Jun 20 Kurt Schwitters, German/British dada-artist/poet (collages)
  • Jun 21 Norman L. Bowen, Canadian petrologist (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 Albert PAA Besnard, Dutch poet/journalist (Uprising & Remorse)
  • Jun 22 Julian S Huxley, biologist/philosopher, Darwin's Bulldog, born in London, England
  • Jun 23 Ernst Rowohlt, German publisher (Rowohlt-Verlag)
  • Jun 25 George Abbott, Forestville NY, producer (Damn Yankees, Pajama Game)
  • Jun 26 Anthony G de Rothschild, Britain, philanthropist
  • Jul 2 Marcel Tabuteau, Compiègne France, oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54)
  • Jul 7 Dirk Koster, literary (New Noises)
  • Jul 7 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist (I & The Village), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • Jul 9 Samuel Eliot Morison, historian (Admiral of the Ocean Sea)
  • Jul 18 Vidkun Al Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense/premier (1942-45)
  • Jul 20 Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
  • Jul 22 Gustav Hertz, German quantum physicist (Nobel 1925)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 28 Marcel Duchamp, French sculptor and painter (Nude Descending a Staircase), born in Blainville-Crevon, France (d. 1968)

Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
  • Jul 30 Felix A Vening Meinesz, Dutch geophysicist (gravity)
  • Jul 31 Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • Aug 3 Rupert Brooke, British WW I poet (1914)
  • Aug 7 Jan HA Eman, Aruban politician
  • Aug 8 J C Heldring, Dutch businessman
  • Aug 9 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 12 Erwin Schrodinger, physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • Aug 13 Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (d. 1952)
  • Aug 17 Charles I, last emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)
  • Aug 17 Marcus Garvey, began back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans
  • Aug 18 Nico J Polak, Dutch economist
  • Aug 30 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter (d. 1943)
  • Aug 31 Friedrich A Paneth, Austrian/British chemist
  • Sep 1 Blaise Cendrars, [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet/writer
  • Sep 1 Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar
  • Sep 7 Edith L Sitwell, English poetess/author (Wheels)
  • Sep 8 Prince George of Yugoslavia (d. 1972)
  • Sep 9 Alf (Alfred) Landon, (R-Ks) American politician and Presidential candidate (1932, 1936). Dies 1987
  • Sep 10 Giovanni Gronchi, president of Italy
  • Sep 13 Lavoslav Ruzicka, Croatian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1976)
  • Sep 14 Karl Taylor Compton, physicist/atomic bomb scientist
  • Sep 15 Jean/Hans Arp, French/Swiss sculptor, artist and poet
  • Sep 15 Carlos Dávila, former President of Chile (d. 1955)
  • Sep 16 Hans/Jean Arp, French/Swiss painter/poet/sculptor
  • Sep 26 Edwin Keppel Bennett, English writer (d. 1958)
  • Sep 26 Sir Barnes Wallis, English scientist, engineer and inventor (d. 1979)
  • Oct 4 Francis Bull, Norway, writer (Norsk literature historian)
  • Oct 5 Max Ackermann, German "entartet" painter
  • Oct 5 René Cassin, pacifist (Nobel Peace Prize 1968)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 6 Le Corbusier [Charles Jeanneret], Swiss architect, city planner and artist (Urbanisme), born in La Chaux-de-Fonds (d. 1965))

Architect/ City Planner Le Corbusier
Architect/ City Planner
Le Corbusier
  • Oct 6 MartinLuis Guzman, Mexico, novelist (Eagle & the Serpent)
  • Oct 10 Rie Cramer, [Marie Holman], Dutch cartoonist/author
  • Oct 12 Paula von Preradović, Croatian-Austrian poet (d. 1951)
  • Oct 13 Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947)
  • Oct 22 John Reed, journalist who reported on Mexican, Russian revolutions
  • Oct 24 Victoria von Battenberg, wife of Spanish king Alfonso
  • Oct 30 Georg Heym, German writer, born in Hirschberg, Lower Silesia (d. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 31 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), born in Xikou, Zhejiang, China (d. 1975)

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • Nov 1 L. S. Lowry, British painter of industrial scenes, born in Stretford, England (d. 1976)
  • Nov 3 Samuil Marshak, Russian writer, translator and children's poet (d. 1964)
  • Nov 5 Oscar Bossaert, Belgium, chocolate manufacturer/min of Middenstand
  • Nov 10 Arnold Zweig, German antifascist/author (Erziehung vor Verdun)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 Georgia O'Keeffe, American sculptor/painter (Cow's Skull), born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin (d. 1986)

Painter and Sculptor Georgia O’Keeffe
Painter and Sculptor
Georgia O’Keeffe
  • Nov 15 Hitoshi Asida, Japanese politician
  • Nov 15 Marianne Moore, poet (Pulitzer 1951, Collected Poems), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Nov 15 René Maran, Martinique, author (Batouala, Prix Goncourt)
  • Nov 16 Philip Frohman, US architect

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17 Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Alamein, British WWII Field Marshal (African campaign, D-Day) and WWI officer, born in London (d. 1976)

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • Nov 19 James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate (d. 1955)
  • Nov 23 Henry Moseley, English physicist (d. 1915)
  • Nov 24 Erich von Manstein, German military commander (d. 1973)
  • Nov 25 Nikolai Vavilov, Russian geneticist (d. 1943)
  • Nov 28 Ernst Rohm, German staff member/Bolivian leader/SA
  • Dec 3 Naruhiko, Prince Higashikuni of Japan (d. 1990)
  • Dec 13 George Polya, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1985)
  • Dec 15 Pieter C A Geyl, historian (History of the Dutch Tribe)
  • Dec 17 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • Dec 17 Hermine Reuss, Empress of Germany and Duchess of Bohemia (d. 1947)
  • Dec 22 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (d. 1920)
  • Dec 25 Conrad Hilton, hotel mogul (Hilton Hotels)
  • Dec 26 Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army officer (d. 1966)