Birthdays in History in 1888

  • Jan 1 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • Jan 8 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • Jan 15 Joseph Henabery, director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Jan 16 Osip Brik, Russian writer (d. 1945)
  • Jan 23 Gilbert Ledward, British sculptor
  • Jan 23 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and Physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jan 24 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • Jan 24 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian/US author (Men Never Know)
  • Feb 3 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliography/founder (Boekengids)
  • Feb 4 Paul Althaus, German theologist (The Christian Truth)
  • Feb 6 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera)
  • Feb 10 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, born in Alexandria (d. 1970)
  • Feb 13 Georgios Papandreou, Greek prefect of Lesbos/minister/premier
  • Feb 13 Heintje Davids, [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • Feb 17 Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Stern-Gerlach-experiment, Nobel 1943)
  • Feb 17 Ronald Aburthnott Knox, English priest/writer (Viaduct Murder)
  • Feb 19 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
  • Feb 20 Georges Bernanos, France, novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
  • Feb 21 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
  • Feb 21 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (d. 1965)
  • Feb 22 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 25 John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State (1953-59), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1959)

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • Feb 27 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist (d. 1974)
  • Mar 5 Friedrich Schnack, German journalist/writer (Rosewood)
  • Mar 7 Alidius WLT van Starkenborch Stachouwer, gov of Neth Indies (1936-45)
  • Mar 8 Stuart Chase, NH, writer/economist (Tragedy of Waste)
  • Mar 14 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 17 Paul Ramadier, French politician (d. 1961)
  • Mar 18 Joseph Csaky, Hungarian/French sculptor
  • Mar 19 Josef Albers, German/US graphic artist/painter/writer (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 20 Siegfried von Vegesack, German writer, born in Gut Blumbergshof, Latvia (d. 1974)
  • Mar 24 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Elsa Brändström, Swedish nurse (d. 1948)
  • Mar 29 Adrianus M de Jong, Dutch writer (World Tour of Bulletje & Bonestaak)
  • Mar 29 James E Casey, founder (United Parcel Service)
  • Apr 4 Zdzisław Żygulski, Sr., Polish literary historian (d. 1975)
  • Apr 6 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Svarta Ballader)
  • Apr 8 Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
  • Apr 9 Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario
  • Apr 15 Maximilian Kronberger, German poet (d. 1904)
  • Apr 18 Arnold Henry Moore Lunn, skier
  • Apr 23 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and diplomat (d. 1967)
  • Apr 26 Aleksandr Mikhailov, USSR, astronomer
  • Apr 28 Henry DG Crerar, Canadian general (WW I/Italy/Netherland)
  • Apr 30 John Crowe Ransom, US poet/critic (God Without Thunder)
  • May 6 Emmanuel Celler, (Rep-D-NY, 1923-73)
  • May 9 Rolf de Maré, Swedish art collector and museum director (d. 1964)
  • May 11 P A J Losecaat Vermeer, leader of Dutch High Council
  • May 11 Willis A. Lee, World War II U.S. naval admiral (d. 1945)
  • May 15 Jean Wahl, French philosopher
  • May 23 Adrian Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Raged & Tired)
  • May 30 James A Farley, postmaster general (1932-38)
  • Jun 5 Raden Mas Nato Suroto, Indonesia, poet (Melatiknoppen)
  • Jun 10 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse)
  • Jun 11 Bartolomeo Vanzetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1927)
  • Jun 12 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
  • Jun 13 Fernando A Nogueira de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet
  • Jun 15 Ramon Lopez Velarde, Mexican poet (La Sangre Devota)
  • Jun 16 Bobby Clark, vaudevillan (World's funniest circus clown)
  • Jun 16 Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (d. 1980)
  • Jun 17 Heinz Guderian, German General (d. 1954)
  • Jun 18 S S Van Dine, [William Huntingdon Wright], author (Canary Murder Case)
  • Jun 22 Harold Burton, U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1964)
  • Jun 23 Bronson M. Cutting, American politician (d. 1935)
  • Jun 24 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Juliana Hall, Sonsbeek Pavillion)
  • Jun 26 Paul Niggli, Zofingen, Swiss Mineralogist (crystal structures)
  • Jun 27 Antoinette Perry, American theater director (d. 1946}
  • Jun 27 Lewis Bernstein Namier, English historian (d. 1960)
  • Jul 2 Selman Waksman, Russ/US microbiologist (Nobel 1951)
  • Jul 10 Giorgio De Chirico, Greece, Metaphysical painter (Soothsayer)
  • Jul 10 Toyohiko Kagawa, Christian social reformer, born in Kobe, Japan
  • Jul 11 Carl Schmitt, German nazi-lawyer (Verfassungslehre)
  • Jul 11 Lyman Bryson, Valentine Nebr, educator (UN Casebook)
  • Jul 12 Tojohiko Kagawa, Japan, Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat)
  • Jul 13 Fernando A N de Seabra Pessoa, Portuguese poet (Mensagem)
  • Jul 16 Frits Zernike, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • Jul 17 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)
  • Jul 18 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
  • Jul 18 Sydney Horler, English detective writer
  • Jul 19 Eugene Jungers, Belgian governor of Rwanda Urundi
  • Jul 22 Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
  • Jul 23 Raymond Chandler, Chic, mystery writer (Farewell My Lovely)
  • Jul 23 Gluyas Williams, SF, cartoonist (Fellows Citizen)
  • Jul 23 Milan Stoyadinovich, Serbia, fascist Yugoslavia PM (1935-39)
  • Jul 26 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, dies at 90
  • Jul 30 Raden Sutomo, Indonesian freedom fighter
  • Aug 4 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra spiritual leader (d. 1965)
  • Aug 9 Hans Oster, German major general/spy/July 20th plotter
  • Aug 12 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • Aug 13 Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14 John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor and father of the television, born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 1946)

Inventor of Television John Logie Baird
Inventor of Television
John Logie Baird

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 16 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Aug 31 Ramon de Basterra, Spanish writer/diplomat (La Obra de Trajano)
  • Sep 1 Andrija Štampar, Croatian physician (d. 1958)
  • Sep 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter/sculptor
  • Sep 5 Sarvepalli Radhakrishan, president (India)/philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 6 Joseph P Kennedy, diplomat, father of JFK, RFK & Teddy, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Patriarch of the Kennedy family Joseph P. Kennedy
Patriarch of the Kennedy family
Joseph P. Kennedy
  • Sep 8 Louis Zimmer, Flemish clock maker (Jubelklok/Wonder Clock)
  • Sep 19 J. W. Alexander, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • Sep 23 Gerhard Kittel, German anti-semitic theologist (Die Oden Salomons)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 26 T. S. Eliot, poet (The Waste Land), dramatist and critic (Nobel Prize 1948), born in St Louis Missouri, (d. 1965)

Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate
T. S. Eliot
  • Sep 26 J. Frank Dobie, American folklorist and newspaper columnist (d. 1964)
  • Sep 28 Herman McNeile, soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), born in Cornwall, England
  • Oct 6 Li Ta-chao, co-founder with Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)
  • Oct 6 Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
  • Oct 7 Henry A Wallace, (D/P) 33rd VP (1941-45)/founder Progressive Party
  • Oct 9 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician (d. 1938)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • Oct 16 Eugene O'Neill, American dramatist (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 16 Paul Popenoe, American activist (d. 1979)
  • Oct 23 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Oct 25 Francois Pauwels, Dutch writer/attorney

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 25 Richard E. Byrd, American aviator and polar explorer (1st to reach both the North Pole and South Pole by air - disputed), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1957)

Aviator and Polar Explorer Richard E. Byrd
Aviator and Polar Explorer
Richard E. Byrd
  • Oct 25 Nils von Dardel, Swedish painter (d. 1943)
  • Oct 26 E Runar Schildt, Finnish writer (Segrande Eros)
  • Oct 26 Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader (d. 1934)
  • Oct 31 George Hubert Wilkins, Aust, polar explorer (Flying the Arctic)
  • Oct 31 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • Nov 7 Chandrasekhara Raman, India, physicist (Nobel 1930)
  • Nov 9 Jean Monnet, French economist/EG-pioneer/chairman (EGKS)
  • Nov 10 Andrej N Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder
  • Nov 11 Maulana Azad, 1st minister of education in independent India
  • Nov 16 Clinton Golden, Penn, founder (United Steelworkers of America)
  • Nov 16 Henri [Ferdinand M J] Bosco, French author/poet (Gogol)
  • Nov 19 Jose RaulCapablanca, Cuba, world chess champion (1921-27)
  • Nov 22 Tarzan, of the Apes, according to Edgar Rice Burroughs' novel
  • Nov 24 Dale Carnegie, author (How to Win Friends & Influence People)
  • Nov 24 Fredrick Willius, American cardiologist (d. 1972)
  • Nov 26 Franz Jung, German writer and political activist, born in Nysa (d. 1963)
  • Nov 29 Joe Slater, Australian Rules footballer (d. 1917)
  • Dec 4 Aleksandar I Karadordjevic, king of Yugoslavia (1921-34)
  • Dec 7 Hamilton Fish, US congress leader/isolationist
  • Dec 7 Joyce Cary, Anglo-Irish (male) writer (House of Children)
  • Dec 7 Matthew Heywood Campbell Broun, 1st President of American Newspaper Guild
  • Dec 8 Fiske Kimball, US architect/art historian
  • Dec 15 Artturi A Leinonen, Finnish journalist/writer (Kati)/politician
  • Dec 15 Maxwell Anderson, US, dramatist (Winter Set, High Tor)
  • Dec 16 Alphonse Juin, French marshal
  • Dec 17 King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (d. 1934)
  • Dec 18 Robert Moses, power broker (built Long Island & NYC parks & roads)
  • Dec 22 Joseph Arthur Rank, English film magnate/baron
  • Dec 23 Friedrich Wolf, writer
  • Dec 29 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal