Birthdays in History in 1889

  • Jan 6 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor)
  • Jan 11 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (d. 1938)
  • Jan 20 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • Jan 21 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist (Social mobility)
  • Jan 23 Prosper Arents, Flemish bibliographer (Rubens-bibliography)
  • Jan 27 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • Jan 30 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist (d. 1937)
  • Feb 1 Gertrude Caton-Thompson, British archaeologist (Zimbabwe, So Arabia)
  • Feb 3 Carl Theodor Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'arc)
  • Feb 3 Risto Ryti, Finnish premier/president
  • Feb 6 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter
  • Feb 6 Siegfried Kracauer, writer
  • Feb 7 Harry Nyquist, important contributor to information theory (d. 1976)
  • Feb 10 Howard Spring, British author/novelist/writer/critic (O Absalom)
  • Feb 17 H[aroldson] L Hunt, Texas oil multi-millionaire
  • Feb 18 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • Feb 19 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombia, poet/novelist (Vortex)
  • Feb 22 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • Feb 22 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • Feb 23 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • Feb 25 Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator (d. 1982)
  • Mar 1 Watsuji Tetsuro, Japanese philosopher (d. 1960)
  • Mar 4 Oscar Chisini, Italian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • Mar 4 Oren E. Long, 10th Territorial Governor of Hawai'i (d. 1965)
  • Mar 5 Frits Slomp, [Frits de Rover], Dutch vicar/resistance fighter
  • Mar 8 Oscar Ewing, US government official (Everybody's Business)
  • Mar 12 Philip Guedalla, historian
  • Mar 12 Þórbergur Þórðarson, Icelandic author (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 F Rijkens, oldest living person in Netherlands
  • Mar 19 Manoel II, last king of Portugal (1908-10)
  • Mar 27 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer/diplomat
  • Apr 6 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • Apr 13 Herbert Osborne Yardley, American cryptographer (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 14 Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian (A Study of History), born in London (d. 1975)

  • Apr 14 Efim D Bogoljubov, Russian chess player
  • Apr 15 Asa Philip Randolph, labor leader (Railroad Porter's Union)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Hart Benton, Missouri, painter/muralist (Lonesome Road)
  • Apr 18 Jessie Street, Austrialian pro womans/aborigine rights fighter
  • Apr 19 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 20 Adolf Hitler, Austrian-born German dictator and Führer of Nazi Germany (1936-45), born in Gasthof zum Pommer, Braunau am Inn, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 20 Albert Jean Amateau, Turkish-born businessman and social activist (d. 1996)
  • Apr 21 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • Apr 22 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • Apr 22 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • Apr 23 Charles Warrell, big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher
  • Apr 24 [Richard] Stafford Cripps, Engl min of Plane-manufacturing (1942-45)
  • Apr 24 Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (d. 1924)
  • Apr 26 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)
  • Apr 28 Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, premier/dictator Portugal (1932-68)
  • Apr 28 Karel WFM Doorman, Dutch rear admiral
  • May 4 Francis J Spellman, US Cardinal
  • May 6 Arthur Morison, typographer
  • May 12 Otto Frank, father of Anne Frank
  • May 15 Bessie Hillman, founder (Almalgamated Clothing Workers of America)
  • May 16 Joan Collette, Dutch (male) painter (New Church, Delft)
  • May 17 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat (Higenia Cruel)
  • May 18 Gunnar Gunnarsson, Icelandic writer (The Church on the Mountain), born Fljótsdalur, Iceland (d. 1975)
  • May 18 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (d. 1944)
  • May 20 Margery Allingham, detective story writer
  • May 20 William Lawther, union leader
  • May 23 Ernst Niekisch, German politician (d. 1967)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 25 Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1972)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Aviator
Igor Sikorsky
  • Jun 8 Joseph L Hromadka, Czech theologist (Lenin prize 1957)
  • Jun 14 Victor van Straelen, Flemish biologist/palaeontologist
  • Jun 18 Paul Joostens, Flemish painter
  • Jun 19 Enrico Celio, president (Switzerland)
  • Jun 20 John S. Paraskevopoulos, Greek-South African astronomer (d. 1951)
  • Jun 23 Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet, born in Odessa, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Jun 25 Margriet M C Baers, Flemish philosopher
  • Jun 27 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor
  • Jul 9 Leo Dandurand, American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
  • Jul 11 Alfred E Green, Perris CA, director (Copacabana, Jolson Story)
  • Jul 13 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 17 Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1970)

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner
  • Jul 29 Karl Otten, German Expressionist writer, born in Oberkrüchten (d. 1963)
  • Aug 1 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1957)
  • Aug 1 Walther Gerlach, Biebrich, German Physicist who, with Otto Stern, co-discovered spin quantization in a magnetic field (Stern–Gerlach effect)
  • Aug 5 Conrad P Aiken, US, Pulitzer poet/writer (Ushant/Conversation)
  • Aug 6 George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • Aug 6 John Middleton Murry, English poet (d. 1957)
  • Aug 10 Charles Darrow, Inventor (d. 1967)
  • Aug 12 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • Aug 13 Camillien Houde, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (d. 1958)
  • Aug 19 Arthur Waley, sinologist, translator from Chinese & Japanese
  • Aug 23 A Lichtenstein, writer
  • Aug 24 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congo prophet
  • Sep 7 Bruce F Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man)
  • Sep 8 Robert A Taft, (Sen-R-Ohio, Taft-Hartley Act)
  • Sep 13 Pierre Reverdy, French poet (Nord-Sud), born in Occitanie (d. 1960)
  • Sep 16 Claude A Barnett, founder (Associated Negro Press)
  • Sep 18 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (d. 1970)
  • Sep 19 Sarah Delany, author/teacher
  • Sep 21 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat/genealogist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 23 Walter Lippmann, American journalist/political writer (Public Opinion), born in NYC, New York

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann
  • Sep 25 George Douglas Howard Cole, socialist/novelist
  • Sep 25 C. K. Scott-Moncrieff, Scottish writer and translator (d. 1930)
  • Sep 26 Martin Heidegger, Germany, Existentialist (Being & Time)
  • Sep 28 Carlos I King of Portugal, Lisbon (1889-1908)
  • Oct 3 Carl von Ossietzky, Germany, journalist/pacifist (Nobel 1935)
  • Oct 5 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (d. 1936)
  • Oct 6 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Noce I Dnie)
  • Oct 8 C. E. Woolman, American airline founder (d. 1966)
  • Oct 10 Han [Henricus A] Van Meegeren, Dutch painter/art forger (Vermeer)
  • Oct 14 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor
  • Oct 18 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • Oct 27 Enid Bagnold, novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit)
  • Nov 1 Philip John Noel-Baker, statesman/disarmament advocate (Nobel 1959)
  • Nov 3 Heinrich Campendonk, German painter/wood carver/glazer
  • Nov 12 DeWitt Wallace, publisher, founded Readers Digest (1921), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • Nov 14 Jawaharlal Nehru, 1st Indian PM (1947-64)
  • Nov 16 August Croegaert, Flemish liturgist
  • Nov 16 George S Kaufman, playwright (This is Show Business), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 18 Maria Realino, [Frederikus Janssen], teacher (Botany of Curacao)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 20 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (discoverer of galaxies, red shift) born in Marshfield, Missouri (d. 1953)

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • Nov 24 Cissy van Marxfield, [Setske Beek-de Haan], Dutch author
  • Nov 30 Edgar D Adrian, English physiologist (Nobel 1932)
  • Dec 8 W Hervey Allen, US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse)
  • Dec 11 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • Dec 11 Walter Knott, American farmer (d. 1981)
  • Dec 21 Sewall Wright, American biologist (d. 1988)
  • Dec 22 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanon, playwright
  • Dec 28 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • Dec 30 Georg von der Vring, German painter/writer (Soldier Suhren)