Birthdays in History in 1891

  • Jan 3 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
  • Jan 4 Edward Brooker, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1948)
  • Jan 7 Zora Neale Hurston, Notasulga Alabama, American writer
  • Jan 8 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • Jan 8 Walter Bothe, Germany, subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • Jan 8 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 9 August Gailit, Estonia, writer (Ekke Moor)
  • Jan 10 Jos Speybrouck, Flemish painter
  • Jan 15 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • Jan 17 Norman "Squab" Read, US aviator who lived to be 101
  • Jan 17 Walter Eucken, German economist
  • Jan 22 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • Jan 22 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23 Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher/marxist theorist

Marxist Theorist and Politician Antonio Gramsci
Marxist Theorist and Politician
Antonio Gramsci
  • Jan 24 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • Jan 25 William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador to USSR
  • Jan 26 Ilya G Ehrenburg, Kiev Ukraine, writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26 Frank Costello, Lauropoli Italy, Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld)

Gangster Frank Costello
Gangster
Frank Costello
  • Jan 26 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)
  • Jan 27 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • Jan 28 Camille Melloy, [Paepe], Belgian poet (Parfum des Buis)
  • Feb 2 Antonio Segni, premier/president (Italy)
  • Feb 3 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice (1926-33)
  • Feb 4 Madabhushi Ananthasayanam Ayyangar, Speaker of Lok Sabha (d: 1978).
  • Feb 5 Karl L Schmidt, German/Swiss theologist (Urchristentum)
  • Feb 9 Pietro Nenni, Italy, socialist/minister of foreign affairs (1946-47)
  • Feb 10 Harold RLG, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis, Gov-gen of Canada (1945-52)
  • Feb 13 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • Feb 16 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • Feb 17 Georg Britting, writer
  • Feb 22 Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
  • Feb 27 David Sarnoff, US, radio/TV pioneer/CEO (RCA)
  • Feb 27 Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
  • Mar 3 Jan Donner, Dutch minister of Justice/president High Council
  • Mar 4 Lois Wilson, founder of Al-Anon (d. 1988)
  • Mar 7 Marcel Barger, [Meyer Streliskie], cabaret performer (I keep Susy)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 9 Jose Paciano Laurel y Garcia, 3rd President of the Philippines (1942-44), born in Tanauan, Batangas (d. 1959)

3rd President of the Philippines José P. Laurel
3rd President of the Philippines
José P. Laurel
  • Mar 10 Jacob van Gelderen, economist/sociologist/Dutch 2nd Chamber (SDAP)
  • Mar 12 Michael Polany, Hungarian/English chemist/economist/sociologist
  • Mar 12 George W. Mason, American industrialist (d. 1954)
  • Mar 14 John P Strijbos, Dutch writer (Wandering through South-Africa)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 19 Earl Warren, Governor of California/14th supreme court chief justice (1953-69), born in Los Angeles, California

Jurist and Governor of California Earl Warren
Jurist and Governor of California
Earl Warren
  • Mar 24 Annie "Charley" Toorop, Dutch painter (3 Generations)
  • Mar 24 John Knittel, Swiss writer, born in Dharwar, India (d. 1970)
  • Mar 24 Sergey Ivanovich Vavilov, Soviet physicist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 28 Karel MJF Cruysberghs, Flemish author
  • Mar 28 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag)
  • Mar 29 Ivan Goll, French-German writer (the Landless John), born in Saint-Dié (d. 1950)
  • Mar 29 Alfred Neubauer, German racing team manager (Mercedes Benz) (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Ion Pillat, Romaniams poet/senator (Umbra timpului)
  • Apr 2 Max Ernst, Germany, painter/sculptor (founded surrealism)
  • Apr 7 Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (d. 1958)
  • Apr 13 Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of the Victoria Cross (d. 1921)
  • Apr 13 Nella Larsen, African-American novelist (d. 1964)
  • Apr 14 B. R. Ambedkar, Indian jurist (d. 1956)
  • Apr 19 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian writer/poet (La Ronda)
  • Apr 22 Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 22 Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • Apr 22 Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • Apr 30 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Swart mar leaflik)
  • May 3 Tadeusz Peiper, Polish poet (d. 1969)
  • May 4 Johan W F Werumeus Buning, Dutch poet (Daily Bread)
  • May 7 Harry McShane, Scottish socialist (d. 1988)
  • May 11 Henry Morgenthau Jr, US Secretary of Treasury (1934-45)
  • May 15 David Vogel, Ukraine, author (Huwelijksleven)
  • May 15 Fritz Feigl, Austria, chemist (spot tests)
  • May 15 Mikhail Bulgakov, Russia, playwright/novelist (Black Snow)
  • May 17 Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife (d. 1959)
  • May 18 Rudolf Carnap, philosopher (German Logical Positivist)
  • May 19 Oswald Boelcke, German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
  • May 22 Johannes R. Becher, German writer and politician, born in Munich (d. 1958)
  • May 22 Robert Gordon Sproul, educator/college pres (Univ of California)
  • May 23 Pär Lagerkvist, Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
  • May 24 Benedictus H Danser, Dutch botanist
  • May 24 William F Albright, US old testament scholar/archaeologist
  • May 25 Robert W P Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief (Haarlem Newspaper)
  • May 30 Iman J van den Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter
  • Jun 2 Thurman Arnold, American attorney and jurist (d. 1969)
  • Jun 6 Vladislac Vancura, writer
  • Jun 7 Koos [Jacobus J] Vorrink, Dutch politician (SDAP/AJC/PvdA)
  • Jun 18 Hans Ruin, Finnish Swedish-language historian
  • Jun 20 John A. Costello, second Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland (d. 1976)
  • Jun 21 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian architect (Nuove Struttura)
  • Jun 22 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (White Enemy)
  • Jun 26 Sidney Coe Howard, US, dramatist (Swords, Pulitzer 1925)
  • Jun 26 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/(stage)author/resistance fighter
  • Jun 28 Carl Panzram, American serial killer (d. 1930)
  • Jun 28 Esther Forbes, American writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 28 Carl Spaatz, Boyertown, Pennsylvania, American Air Force general (d. 1974)
  • Jul 5 John Northrop, US, biochemist, crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)
  • Jul 5 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (d. 1955)
  • Jul 8 Elisabeth Zernike, Dutch writer (Poor Part, Bruidstijd)
  • Jul 8 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Working Day)
  • Jul 23 Maurus H Hulsman, Dutch priest/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • Jul 26 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian
  • Jul 29 Bernhard Zondek, German/Israeli gynaecologist
  • Aug 2 Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 6 William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
  • Aug 21 Emiliano Mercado del Toro, World's oldest living man 2004-2007 (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 21 [George] Bugs Moran, American gangster, born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1957)

Gangster Bugs Moran
Gangster
Bugs Moran
  • Aug 22 Jacques Lipchitz, Polish/French/US painter/cubist sculptor
  • Aug 26 Emmy van Lokhorst, Dutch author
  • Aug 26 Ferdinand Bruckner, [Theodor Tagger], Austrian playwright (Races)
  • Sep 3 Bessie Annie Elizabeth Delany, dentist writer
  • Sep 11 William Thomas Walsh, American author (d. 1949)
  • Sep 12 Pedro Albizu Campos, advocate for Puerto Rican independence (d. 1965)
  • Sep 14 Ivan Matveyevich Vinogradov, Russian mathematician (d. 1983)
  • Sep 16 Stephanie von Hohenlohe, Austrian-born German spy (d. 1972)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 16 Karl Dönitz, German naval leader, born in Grünau, German Empire (d. 1980)

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • Oct 11 Antonius [Jacob LT] van der Veen Zeppenfeldt, Antillian Bishop
  • Oct 12 Edith Stein, German philosopher
  • Oct 14 Paul de Keyser, Flemish story teller/philologist/folklorist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 James Chadwick, English physicist (discovered neutron), born in Bollington, Cheshire (d. 1974)

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20 Jomo Kenyatta, Kenyan leader and 1st President of Kenya (1963-78), born in Gatundu, Kenya (d. 1978)

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • Oct 21 John Metzelaar, Dutch/US (About Tropical Atl Visschen)
  • Oct 24 Rafael L Trujillo Molina, president/dictator of Dom Rep (1930-61)
  • Oct 25 Father Coughlin, Roman Catholic priest and pro-Fascist radio broadcaster (d. 1979)
  • Oct 28 Ormer Locklear, American movie stunt pilot (d. 1920)
  • Oct 29 Fanny Brice, singing comedienne (Ziegeld Follies, Baby Snooks), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 5 Mary Dorna, Dutch author
  • Nov 12 Seth Barnes Nicholson, Springfield Illinois, American astronomer who discovered four satellites of Jupiter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, born in Alliston, Ontario (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 15 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), born in Heidenheim, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1944)

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Nov 15 W Averell Harriman, US, (Gov-D-NY)/ambassador to USSR (1943-46)
  • Nov 22 Edward Bernays, PR expert
  • Nov 22 Erik Lindahl, Swedish economist (Theory of Money & Capital)
  • Nov 27 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), born in Madrid (d. 1951)
  • Nov 28 Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist & politician (d. 1949)
  • Nov 29 Julius Raab, Austrian Chancellor (1953-61)
  • Dec 1 Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer (wreck laws)
  • Dec 2 Charles H. Wesley, author writer and Brother of Alpha Phi Alpha Inc. (d. 1987)
  • Dec 9 Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet (d. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 10 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet (O the Chimneys Nobel 1966), (d. 1970)

  • Dec 19 Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Poland, pres-in-exile (1979-86)
  • Dec 21 John W McCormack, (D) Speaker of House (1962-70)
  • Dec 22 Edward L Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • Dec 23 Alexandr Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer (d. 1956)
  • Dec 25 Kenneth A N Anderson, British general (Dunkerk, North Africa)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 26 Henry Miller, American author (Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Sexus), born in Manhattan, New York, (d. 1980)

Author Henry Miller
Author
Henry Miller
  • Dec 30 Antoine Pinay, French premier (1952)/minister of Foreign affairs