Birthdays in History in 1892

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1 Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines (d. 1948)

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • Jan 2 Lura Anson, Nebraska, entertainer
  • Jan 9 Eva Bowring, American politician (d. 1985)
  • Jan 10 Dumas Malone, Miss, historian (Jefferson & His Time)
  • Jan 12 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 14 Martin Niemöller, clergyman (German Protestant); imprisoned by Hitler
  • Jan 15 Rex Ingram, [Reginald IM Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse) (d. 1950)
  • Jan 18 Paul Rostock, German surgeon (d. 1956)
  • Jan 19 Olafur Thors, Icelandic PM (6 times, 1942-63)
  • Jan 22 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • Jan 30 Grigore Gafencu, Roman minister of Foreign affairs (1938-39)
  • Feb 4 Ugo Betti, Italian playwright
  • Feb 4 Andreu Nin, Catalan politician (d. 1937)
  • Feb 4 E. J. Pratt, Canadian poet (d. 1964)
  • Feb 5 George Saiko, Austrian writer, born in Seestadtl, Bohemia (d. 1962)
  • Feb 6 William Parry Murphy, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • Feb 8 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt)
  • Feb 9 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer (Indonesian adat justice)
  • Feb 13 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • Feb 14 Radola Gajda, Czech military commander (d. 1948)
  • Feb 15 James Forrestal, US, banker/minister of Navy
  • Feb 17 Theodor Plievier, German writer (Des Kaisers Kulis, Stalingrad)
  • Feb 18 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • Feb 22 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • Feb 22 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • Feb 29 Augusta Savage (Fells), Green Cove Springs Florida, African-American sculptor and equal rights advocate
  • Mar 1 Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Japan, writer (Rashomon in Kappa)
  • Mar 8 Mátyás Rákosi, Hungarian party leader/premier (1952-53)
  • Mar 9 David Garnett, English novelist and editor (Lady into Fox)
  • Mar 9 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Adel und Untergang)
  • Mar 9 Vita Sackville-West, English novelist, poet (The Land) and gardener (Sissinghurst)
  • Mar 10 Gregory La Cava, American director (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II)
  • Mar 13 Janet Flanner, journalist (New Yorker)
  • Mar 14 Olive Netta Parsons, co-founder (Collet's Bookshop)
  • Mar 15 James Basevi Ord, US army officer (d. 1938)
  • Mar 16 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian/French poet (Los Heraldos Negros)
  • Mar 17 Benjamin Drake Van Wissen, Australian Engineer (d. 1984)
  • Mar 18 Robert P Tristram Coffin, poet/reporter (WW II)
  • Mar 19 Siegfried T Bok, neurobiologist/anatomist (Cybernetica)
  • Mar 19 James Van Fleet, American general (d. 1992)
  • Mar 27 Thorne Smith, author (Topper, Rain in the Doorway, Stray Lamb)
  • Mar 28 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
  • Mar 28 Tom Maguire, Irish republican (d. 1993)
  • Mar 29 Jozsef Mindszenty József Pehm], Hungarian cardinal who opposed fascism and communism in Hungary, born in Csehimindszent, Hungary (d. 1975)
  • Mar 30 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian
  • Mar 30 Fortunato Depero, Italian artist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 30 Erhard Milch, German field marshal (d. 1972)
  • Mar 31 Stanislav Wladyslaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major/commandant
  • Apr 6 Donald Wills Douglas, US, aircraft pioneer (McConnell Douglas)
  • Apr 8 Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)
  • Apr 10 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (Rassenkunde)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Harris, Cheltenham, Marshal of the RAF
  • Apr 13 Robert A Watson-Watt, Brechin Forfarshire, Scottish developer of the radar in WWII
  • Apr 14 Vere G Childe, British archaeologist/prehistorian
  • Apr 15 Corrie ten Boom, Dutch author and Holocaust survivor (d. 1983)
  • Apr 15 Theo Osterkamp, World War I and World War II German fighter pilot (d. 1975)
  • Apr 17 Jean PJC Haesaert, Flemish lawyer/sociologist
  • Apr 22 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • Apr 23 Minus van Looi, [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer
  • Apr 23 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • Apr 27 Louis Victor de Broglie, physicist (studied electrons)
  • Apr 28 Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (Amazing Dunninger), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • May 3 George Thomson, demonstrated electron diffraction (Nobel 1937)
  • May 7 Archibald MacLeish, Glencoe Ill, polit essayist/poet/dramatist (JB)
  • May 7 Josip Broz Tito, WW II partisan, leader of Yugoslavia (1943-80)
  • May 9 Zita, empress (Austria)/Queen (Hungary)
  • May 12 Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
  • May 16 Coenraad B van Haeringen, linguist/etymologist (Dutch Dictionary)
  • May 19 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Povestj Zjizni) [OS]
  • May 21 John Peale Bishop, US poet (This Side of Paradise)
  • May 29 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal)
  • May 30 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
  • May 31 Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader
  • May 31 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj) [NS]
  • May 31 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • May 31 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 1 Amanullah, emir/king of Afghanistan (1919-28)
  • Jun 5 Alexander Loudon, diplomat (Washington)
  • Jun 6 Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (d. 1971)
  • Jun 11 Edward B B Shanks, British poet/critic
  • Jun 12 Djuna Barnes, American author (d. 1982)
  • Jun 20 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, born in Kuldīga, Latvia (d. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 21 Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (Nature & Destiny of Man), born in Wright City, Missouri (d. 1971)

Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor Reinhold Niebuhr
Theologian, Ethicist, Magazine Editor
Reinhold Niebuhr
  • Jun 22 Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Jun 22 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb
  • Jun 26 Pearl Sydenstricker Buck, China, author (Good Earth-Nobel 1938)
  • Jun 27 Paul Colin, French poster designer (d. 1985)
  • Jun 28 Edward H Carr, England, historian (History of Soviet Russia)
  • Jun 30 Oswald Pohl, German Nazi leader (d. 1951)
  • Jul 1 James M Cain, novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • Jul 6 Baron Willy Coppens de Houthulst, Belgian WW I pilot
  • Jul 8 Richard Aldington, writer
  • Jul 8 Pavel Korin, Russian painter (d. 1967)
  • Jul 12 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
  • Jul 15 Walter Benjamin, German literature critic/writer
  • Jul 21 Anton Schnack, German writer/poet
  • Jul 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, architect (tax office Wibautstraat, Amsterdam)
  • Jul 22 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s)/war criminal

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 23 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • Jul 29 Ernst van Raalte, Dutch journalist (Seen, heard... wrote), born in Rotterdam, South Holland (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1959)
  • Aug 1 Constantly Burniaux, Belg, art historian (Temps Inquiets)
  • Aug 2 Jack Warner, US movie studio head (Warner Bros)
  • Aug 2 John Kieran, American columnist/author (Natural History of NYC), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 11 Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
  • Aug 11 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general
  • Aug 11 Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • Aug 15 Louis-Victor prince of Broglie, France, physicist (Nobel 1929)
  • Aug 16 Harold Foster, cartoonist (created "Prince Valiant")
  • Aug 16 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (d. 1983)
  • Sep 1 Leverett Saltonstall, 55th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1979)
  • Sep 6 Edward V Appleton, English physicist (Appleton-layer)
  • Sep 10 Arthur H Compton, US physicist (X-rays)
  • Sep 11 Pinto Colvig, OR, animation voice (Goofy, Pluto)
  • Sep 12 Alfred A Knopf, US, publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal)
  • Sep 15 Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor (d. 1962)
  • Sep 24 Adélard Godbout, premier of Québec (d. 1956)
  • Sep 28 Edmond Thieffry, Belgian WW I pilot/air pioneer
  • Oct 4 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor killed by Nazis
  • Oct 4 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist (d. 1934)
  • Oct 5 Remington Kellogg, American naturalist (d. 1969)
  • Oct 7 Dwain Esper, director (d. 1982)
  • Oct 9 Ivo Andric, Yugoslavia, novelist (Bridge on Drina, Nobel Prize for Literature 1961)
  • Oct 9 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (d. 1941)
  • Oct 14 Sumner Welles, US undersecretary/diplomat (Good neighbor policy)
  • Oct 17 Theodor Eicke, Nazi official (d. 1943)
  • Oct 19 Alexander A Alekhine, Russian/French chess champ (1927-35, 37-46)
  • Oct 24 Kurt Huber, German philosopher/resistance fighter
  • Oct 27 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author/mayor of Palmeira
  • Oct 27 Victor E van Vriesland, Dutch poet/critic (Mirror of Dutch Poetry)
  • Oct 28 Eduard J Dijksterhuis, Dutch mathematician/historian (Fall & Throw)
  • Oct 28 Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Night Watch)
  • Oct 31 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, US, Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America)
  • Nov 1 Alexander Alekhine, Russia, world chess champion (1927-35, 37-46)
  • Nov 5 J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (d. 1964)
  • Nov 6 John Alcock, English pilot (1st non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean)
  • Nov 6 Harold Ross, American editor (d. 1951)
  • Nov 16 Guo Moruo, Chinese writer (d. 1978)
  • Nov 19 Huw Thomas Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician (d. 1970)
  • Nov 20 James B Collip, Canadian biochemist/physiologist (insulin)
  • Nov 23 Erté, French artist (d. 1990)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 4 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • Dec 5 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)
  • Dec 6 F Osbert S Sitwell, poet/writer (Out of the Flame), born in London, England
  • Dec 7 Stuart Davis, American modernist painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1964)
  • Dec 12 Herman Potočnik aka Hermann Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
  • Dec 13 Brand Dirck Ochse, filmer/co-founder (Polygoon)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 15 J. Paul Getty, oil magnate (Getty Oil), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1976)

Industrialist J. Paul Getty
Industrialist
J. Paul Getty
  • Dec 16 A "Shon Nene" Morales, Antillean/Neth very old lady
  • Dec 21 Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (d. 1980)
  • Dec 25 Rebecca West, [Cicely Isabel Fairfield], English author (Meaning of Treason), born in London
  • Dec 27 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)