Birthdays in History in 1894

  • Jan 1 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • Jan 1 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)
  • Jan 2 Robert Nathan, American poet, novelist (Portrait of Jennie), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 4 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 8 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • Jan 9 Henryk Stazewski, Polish abstract painter/graphic artist
  • Jan 10 Reginald Denham, Broadway director (Obsession, The Bad Seed), born in London, England
  • Jan 15 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney/minister of colonization
  • Jan 18 Wilhelm HC Tenhaeff, Dutch parapsychologist
  • Jan 20 Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
  • Jan 22 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)
  • Jan 30 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43)
  • Jan 30 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet)
  • Feb 3 Norman Rockwell, US, artist/illustrator (Sat Evening Post covers)
  • Feb 6 Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer (d. 1979)
  • Feb 8 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 8 Billy Bishop, Canadian First World War flying ace, born in Owen Sound, Ontario (d. 1956)

Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop
Canadian First World War Flying Ace
Billy Bishop

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 10 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician, Prime Minister (1957-63), born in London (d. 1986)

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • Feb 11 Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
  • Feb 14 Jack Benny, [Benjamin Kubelski], Waukegan Ill, "Oh! Rochester!"
  • Feb 15 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • Feb 25 Ernst Friedrich, Breslau Germany, pacifist (War Against War!)
  • Feb 25 Meher Baba, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
  • Mar 14 Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Paul Green, US, novelist/playwright (In Abraham's Bosom)
  • Mar 19 Jackie "Moms" Mabley, Brevard SC, comedienne (Merv Griffin Show)
  • Mar 30 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin)
  • Apr 2 Rudolph P Cleveringa, Dutch anti-nazi lawyer
  • Apr 2 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air)
  • Apr 6 Gertrude Baines, American Supercentarian
  • Apr 7 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • Apr 10 Ben Nicholson, English painter/sculptor (Circle)
  • Apr 10 Shri Ghanshyam Das Birla, Indian industrialist (d. 1983)
  • Apr 12 Francisco H Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese general/president (1951-58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-64), born in Kalinovka, Russia (d. 1971)

Soviet First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev
Soviet First Secretary
Nikita Khrushchev
  • Apr 20 Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • Apr 27 George Petty, WWII Pin-Up Artist (d. 1975)
  • May 11 Anton A Mussert, Dutch nazi leader (NSB)
  • May 11 Martha Graham, American choreographer (Appalachian Spring), Pittsburgh), Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • May 13 Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)
  • May 20 Adela Rogers St John, journalist/author (Foreign Correspondent)
  • May 20 Chandrashekarendra Saraswati, Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
  • May 25 Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright (Verschaeve Gives Evidence)
  • May 27 Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, detective novelist (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)
  • May 27 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), born in Courbevoie, Seine, France (d. 1961)
  • May 29 Josef von Sternberg, Austrian director (Der blaue Engel)
  • May 30 Hubertus J van Mook, Dutch minister of Colonies (1942-45)
  • Jun 4 Blanch Knopf, publishing CEO (Knopf)
  • Jun 5 Roy Thomson, Lord Thomson of Fleet, English publisher (d. 1976)
  • Jun 6 Violet Trefusis, English writer and socialite who had a famous affair with writer Vita Sackville-West, born in London England (d. 1972)
  • Jun 11 Dai Vernon (David Frederick Wingfield Verner), Canadian magician, The Professor (d. 1992)
  • Jun 13 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, France, photographer
  • Jun 13 Mark van Doren, Ill, author (Happy Critic, Transients)
  • Jun 13 Dr. Leo Kanner, Austrian-American physician (d. 1981)
  • Jun 14 Marie-Adélaïde, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (d. 1924)
  • Jun 15 Nikolai Chebotaryov, Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1947)
  • Jun 20 George Delacorte, American philanthropist/publisher (Dell Books), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 20 Lloyd A Hall, Illinois, pioneer in food chemistry
  • Jun 21 Milward Kennedy, British public servant and mystery writer (d. 1968)
  • Jun 23 Alfred Kinsey, American entomologist and sexologist (Kinsey Report), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 23 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Empire and Emperor of India (Jan 20th, 1936 until his abdication on Dec 11th, 1936), born in Richmond, England (d. 1972)

King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • Jun 25 Hermann Oberth, Germany, founded modern astronautics (V2/Redstone)
  • Jul 8 Clemens VI Trefois, Flemish architect/sociologist
  • Jul 9 Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
  • Jul 11 Walter Wanger, [Feuchtwanger], US producer (Stagecoach)
  • Jul 13 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [OS Jun 30]
  • Jul 15 Tadeusz Sendzimir, Polish-American engineer and inventor (d. 1989)
  • Jul 19 Joris [Georges] of Severen, Flemish fascist/Member of parliament
  • Jul 19 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1965)
  • Jul 19 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Jul 22 Oskar Maria Graf, German writer, born in Berg, Bavaria (d. 1967)
  • Jul 23 Arthur Treacher, Brighton England, announcer (Merv Griffin Show)
  • Jul 25 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Ferdinand, born in Obljaj, Bosnia (d. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • Jul 26 Ludovicus J Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken)
  • Jul 27 Gerald F Bogan, US vice-admiral (WW II-Pacific Ocean)
  • Aug 3 John H van Maarseveen, Dutch minister of Justice/Internal minister
  • Aug 10 Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (d. 1980)
  • Aug 16 George Meany, labor leader (headed AFL-CIO), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • Aug 17 Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author (Jorden)
  • Aug 17 Johan Polet, Dutch sculptor
  • Aug 23 James La Guma, South African political activist and trade unionist, born in Cape Town (d. 1961)
  • Aug 28 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter and sculptor (Iron Tower) (d. 1986)
  • Aug 29 E. Franklin Frazier, American sociologist and author (The Negro Family in the United States), born in Baltimore (d. 1962)
  • Aug 31 Albert Facey, Australian writer (A Fortunate Life), born in Maidstone, Victoria, Australia (d. 1982)
  • Sep 2 Joseph Roth, Austria, journalist/writer (Hotel Savoy)
  • Sep 13 Anton Roosjen, Dutch politician/NCRV-chairman
  • Sep 13 John B[oynton] Priestly, author (Good Companions)/wed Jessica Hawkes
  • Sep 13 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (d. 1953)
  • Sep 15 Jean Renoir, French director (Madame Bovary, Nana, Grand Illusion)
  • Sep 15 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (d. 1977)
  • Sep 19 Cornelis Rijnsdorp, writer (Kings Children)
  • Sep 23 Kornelis H Miskotte, theologist (Edda & Thora)
  • Sep 27 Lothar von Richthofen German pilot (d. 1922)
  • Sep 30 Dirk J Bush, Dutch/US mathematician (Concise History of Mathematics)
  • Oct 3 Elmer Robinson, American politician (d. 1982)
  • Oct 3 Walter Warlimont, German General WWII (d. 1976)
  • Oct 7 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer
  • Oct 7 Del Lord, American director (d. 1970)
  • Oct 12 Charles Hodge, California, NYU professor (Answers for Americans)
  • Oct 12 Elisabeth A de Vreugd, chambermaid of Dutch queen
  • Oct 14 Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
  • Oct 14 E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), poet (Tulips & Chimneys), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Oct 15 Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1965)
  • Oct 18 H. L. Davis, American author (d. 1960)
  • Oct 21 Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic (d. 1965)
  • Oct 24 Bibhutibhushan Mukhopadhyay, Bengali author (d. 1987)
  • Oct 26 John S Knight, American journalist and publisher (Knight Newspapers), born in Bluefield, West Virginia (d. 1981)
  • Oct 27 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor
  • Oct 27 Oliver Leese, British general (d. 1978)
  • Oct 30 Jean Rostand, French biologist (d. 1977)
  • Nov 2 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (d. 1976)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 3 William George Barker, Canadian flying ace (Victoria Cross recipient), born in Dauphin, Manitoba (d. 1930)

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker
  • Nov 5 Henri E J A de Page, Belgian private law scholar
  • Nov 13 Artur Nebe, German SS officer {d. 1945)
  • Nov 14 Harold Collett Dent, journalist/educationist
  • Nov 16 Count Richard Coudenhove Kalergi, Austrian politician
  • Nov 16 Mabel Normand, [Muriel Fortescue], comedienne (Mickey), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Nov 17 Eelco van Kleffens, minister of Foreign affairs (1939-46)/diplomat
  • Nov 17 Sophocles Venizelos, premier of Greece (1944, 50-51)
  • Nov 19 Américo Tomás, Portuguese admiral and politician, 14th President of Portugal (d. 1987)
  • Nov 26 Norbert Wiener, US, mathematician/discovered cybernetics
  • Nov 26 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic cardinal archbishop of Toronto (d. 1974)
  • Nov 27 Forrest Shaklee, founder (Shaklee Products)
  • Nov 27 Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox saint (d. 1971)
  • Nov 27 Konosuke Matsushita, Japanese industrialist (d. 1989)
  • Nov 28 Brooks Atkinson, drama critic (Broadway theater namesake)
  • Dec 5 Charles Robberts, Winburg district of the Orange Free State, The first State President of South Africa
  • Dec 8 E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (d. 1938)
  • Dec 10 Earnest Haenchen, German new testament expert
  • Dec 10 Gertrud Kolmar, writer
  • Dec 17 Hans Henny Jahnn, writer
  • Dec 17 Hans [Henry] Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist (quantum mechanics)
  • Dec 17 Willem Schermerhorn, Neth premier (1945-46)
  • Dec 17 David Butler, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane), born in San Francisco, California
  • Dec 19 Yoshida Isoya, architect (modern sukiya style), born in Tokyo, Japan

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 20 Robert Menzies, 12th Prime Minister of Australia (United Australia Party: 1939-41, Liberal: 1949-66) and its longest-serving, born in Jeparit, Victoria (d. 1978)

12th Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies
12th Australian Prime Minister
Robert Menzies
  • Dec 24 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot
  • Dec 26 Jean Toomer, American writer (d. 1967)
  • Dec 28 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)