Birthdays in History in 1897

  • Jan 8 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • Jan 9 Karl Löwith, German philosopher (d. 1973)
  • Jan 11 August Heissmeyer, German SS officer (d. 1979)
  • Jan 12 Hendrik J Valk, painter/cartoonist/graphic artist
  • Jan 14 Hasso von Manteuffel, German general and politician (d. 1978)
  • Jan 15 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • Jan 16 Carlos Pellicer, Mexican poet (d. 1977)
  • Jan 17 Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)
  • Jan 19 Natacha Rambova, Salt Lake City UT, costume designer
  • Jan 19 René Victor, Flemish lawyer/knight (Rechtskundig Weekblad)
  • Jan 21 René Iché, French sculptor (d. 1954)
  • Jan 23 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician
  • Jan 23 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect (d. 2000)
  • Jan 28 Valentin Kataev, novelist/playwright (Embezzled), born in Odessa Ukraine (d. 1986)
  • Feb 1 Denise Robins, romantic novelist (1st Long Kiss), born in London, England
  • Feb 2 Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
  • Feb 2 Aimé Avignon, France's former oldest living man (d. 2007)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Erhard, chancellor of Germany (CDU)
  • Feb 5 Dirk U Stikker, director (Heineken)/Dutch foreign minister/NATO
  • Feb 6 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazil, director (Nicholas Nickleby)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6 Louis Buchalter, Jewish American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York

  • Feb 9 Charles Edward Kingsford-Smith, pioneer Australian aviator
  • Feb 10 John Franklin Enders, Conn, microbiologist (polio-Nobel 1954)
  • Feb 18 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • Feb 20 Ivan Albright, Illinois, painter (Door, Window)
  • Feb 22 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • Feb 27 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • Feb 27 G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)
  • Mar 5 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5 Soong Mei-ling [Madame Chiang Kai-shek], Chinese political figure and First Lady of the Republic of China (1948-75), born in Shanghai (d. 2003)

Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China Soong Mei-ling
Chinese Political Leader and First Lady of the Republic of China
Soong Mei-ling
  • Mar 13 Marcel Thiry, Belgian poet (Statue of Fatigue)
  • Mar 17 Jozef C. Mazur, American stained glass artist and painter (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Liam O'Flaherty, Irish writer, born in Inishmore, Aran Islands (d. 1984)
  • Mar 24 Charles Eyck, Dutch painter/sculptor
  • Mar 24 Wilhelm Reich, Austrian-US psycho analysist (character analysis)
  • Mar 27 Douglas Hartree, English mathematician and physicist
  • Mar 27 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician/anti-fascist
  • Mar 28 Sepp Herberger, German football coach (d. 1977)
  • Apr 1 Willem H van de Pol, Dutch theologist (Christian Dilemma)
  • Apr 7 Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)
  • Apr 11 Caspar Neher, German set designer/librettist
  • Apr 13 Werner Voss, German World War I pilot (d. 1917)
  • Apr 14 Barbara Wootten, U.K. baroness
  • Apr 16 John B Glubb, British commandant/writer (A soldier with the Arabs)
  • Apr 17 Antonius F "Anton" Coolen, Dutch author (Village by the River)
  • Apr 17 Thornton N Wilder, US, novelist/playwright (Our Town)
  • Apr 18 Ardito Desio, Italian topographer (d. 2001)
  • Apr 19 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor/art benefactor
  • Apr 19 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • Apr 20 Bernard Verhoeven, poet/literature (About the Laugh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 23 Lester B. Pearson, 14th Canadian Prime Minister (1963-68) (Nobel 1957), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1972)

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • Apr 23 Lucius du Bignon Clay, US, general (WW II)/gov (West Germany)
  • Apr 24 Benjamin Lee Whorf, linguist (or 1797)
  • Apr 24 Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (d. 1955)
  • Apr 25 VAA Mary, English princess
  • Apr 28 Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician (d. 1986)
  • May 3 V K Krishna Menon, India, minister of defense
  • May 6 Paul Alverdes, German writer (Pfeiferstube)
  • May 10 Ewart Maurice Levy, 2nd Baronet
  • May 10 Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
  • May 11 Izak W van der Merwe, [Boerneef], South African writer (Tweetalige Woordeboek)
  • May 11 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (d. 1961)
  • May 14 Ed Ricketts, American marine biologist (d. 1948)
  • May 17 Odd Hassel, Norwegian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1981)
  • May 19 Frank Luke, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
  • May 20 Diego Abad de Santillán, Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
  • May 22 Robert Neumann, Austrian/British author (Waters of Babylon)
  • May 27 John Douglas Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951)
  • Jun 8 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author (d. 1974)
  • Jun 11 Bruno Frei [Benedikt Freistadt], Austrian Marxist journalist, born in Bratislava (d. 1988)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 12 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, born in Rushyford, England (d. 1977)

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • Jun 16 Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
  • Jun 20 Elisabeth Hauptmann, German writer (d. 1973)
  • Jun 22 Norbert Elias, English/Dutch philosopher (Process of Civilization)
  • Jun 23 Winifred Wagner-William, German organizer (Wagner Festival)
  • Jun 24 Daniel K. Ludwig, American shipping magnate (d. 1992)
  • Jun 28 Jacobus J E Hondius, graphic artist
  • Jun 29 Fulgence Charpentier, French-Canadian journalist (d. 2001)
  • Jul 6 Richard Krautheimer, art Historian
  • Jul 10 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director
  • Jul 10 Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
  • Jul 10 Jack "Legs" Diamond", American bootlegger (d. 1931)
  • Jul 11 Bull Connor, American law enforcement official (d. 1973)
  • Jul 17 Elbert Parr Tuttle, lawyer/judge
  • Jul 20 Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)
  • Jul 24 Elmar Berkovich, Hungarian/Dutch designer (Eindhoven Theatre)
  • Jul 24 Karl von Mechow, German writer (Auf Dem Wege, Vorsommer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 24 Amelia Earhart, American aviator and 1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1939)

  • Jul 26 Paul Gallico, NY, novelist
  • Jul 29 Sir Neil Ritchie, British general (d. 1983)
  • Jul 30 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch politician/writer (Fascism is War!)
  • Aug 2 Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (d. 1945)
  • Aug 2 Max Weber, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1974)
  • Aug 5 Aksel Larsen, Danish politician (d. 1972)
  • Aug 7 Franz J Weinrich, [Heinrich Lerse], German writer (Himmlisches)
  • Aug 9 Ralph Wyckoff, American pioneer in x-ray crystallography
  • Aug 10 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch novelist (Ciske the Rat)
  • Aug 10 John Galbreath, American businessman (d. 1988)
  • Aug 11 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
  • Aug 11 Enid Blyton, children's writer and fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure)
  • Aug 12 Otto (von) Struve, German/US dir (Yerkes/MacDonald observatory)
  • Aug 16 Robert Ringling, circus master
  • Aug 20 Tarjei Vesaas, Norwegian author (Det Store Spelet)
  • Aug 26 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • Aug 31 Marianne Bruns, writer
  • Sep 3 Sally Benson, American writer (d. 1972)
  • Sep 10 Nancy Keene Lancaster, designer/Collector
  • Sep 10 Georges Bataille, French writer (d. 1962)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 12 Irene Joliot-Curie, physicist, (Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935), born in Paris, France (d. 1956), daughter of Marie Curie

Physicist/Chemist Irene Joliot-Curie
Physicist/Chemist
Irene Joliot-Curie
  • Sep 18 John Mens, writer (People Without Money)
  • Sep 23 Paul Delvaux, Belgian painter (surrealist)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 25 William Faulkner, American author (Sound & Fury-Nobel 1949), born in New Albany, Mississippi (d. 1962)

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • Sep 26 Pope Paul VI, [Giovanni Montini], 262nd Roman Catholic pope (1963-78)
  • Sep 26 Victor O Stomps, writer
  • Sep 26 Arthur Rhys Davids, English pilot (d. 1917)
  • Sep 28 Muchtar Auesow, writer
  • Sep 29 Herbert Agar, American journalist and historian (d. 1980)
  • Oct 3 Josephine "Mama Jo" Riley Matthews, midwife (SC)
  • Oct 3 Louis Aragon, French writer (d. 1982)
  • Oct 10 Pricilla L Williams, social activist/humanitarian
  • Oct 11 Nathan F Twining, USAF general (Neither Liberty nor Safety)
  • Oct 11 Russell Collins, New Orleans LA
  • Oct 16 Louis de Cazenave, France's oldest living man
  • Oct 18 Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • Oct 19 Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Pakistani scientist and scholar (d. 1994)
  • Oct 20 Jevsei G Liberman, Ukrainian economist (Plan, profit, bonuses)
  • Oct 20 Crown Prince Eun of Korea (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Hans Speidel, nazi chief-staff/NATO-supreme commander

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 29 Joseph Goebbels, German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany (1933-45), born in Rheydt, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels
  • Nov 1 Naomi Mitchison, author (African Heroes, Return to Fairy Hill)
  • Nov 2 Jacob A B "Jack" Bjerknes, Norwegian/US meteorologist (USAF in London)
  • Nov 3 Frederick Russell, Bridport Dorset, English Marine Biologist who studied plankton life history and linked their depth in the seas to light availability helping explain long-term changes in the ecosystem
  • Nov 7 Ruth Pitter, British poet and 1st woman to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry in 1955

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8 Dorothy Day, American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1980)

Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert Dorothy Day
Journalist, Socialist and Catholic Convert
Dorothy Day
  • Nov 9 Ronald G W Norrish, British chemist (Nobel 1967)
  • Nov 11 Gordon W Allport, US, psychologist (personalities)
  • Nov 14 John Steuart Curry, US painter/lithographer (Baptism in Kansas)
  • Nov 15 Sacheverell Sitwell, English poet/author (People's Palace)
  • Nov 15 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (d. 1960)
  • Nov 16 Choudhary Rehmat Ali, Pakistani nationalist (d. 1951)
  • Nov 18 Patrick M S Blackett, British physicist (nuclear reaction, Nobel 1948)
  • Nov 19 Quentin Roosevelt, son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt (d. 1918)
  • Nov 20 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Nov 21 Mollie Steimer anarchist agitator (d. 1980)
  • Nov 22 Paul Oswald Ahnert, German astronomer (d. 1989)
  • Nov 23 Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • Nov 23 Karl Gebhardt, Nazi doctor (d. 1948)
  • Nov 27 Vito Genovese, American mafioso (d. 1969)
  • Nov 28 Uno Chiyo, Japanese writer (Confessions of Love), born in Iwakuni (d. 1996)
  • Nov 29 Emiel van Hemeldonck, Belgian writer (Little Emperor)
  • Dec 1 Manuel A Neat, Curacaos author (Nobleza di Coerazon)
  • Dec 2 Rewi Alley, NZ, writer (Americans in China)
  • Dec 2 Hovhannes Bagramyan, Marshall of the Soviet Union (d. 1982)
  • Dec 3 Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Without My Cloak)
  • Dec 4 Mari Andriessen, Dutch sculptor (Dock Worker)
  • Dec 6 Oscar Walter Cisek, Romanian writer and diplomat, born in Bucharest (d. 1966)
  • Dec 10 Karl H Waggerl, Austria writer (Power of Love)
  • Dec 14 Margaret Chase Smith, (Rep/Sen-R-Maine)
  • Dec 14 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977)
  • Dec 16 Paul Neuhuys, Belgian playwright (Le Canari et le Cerise)
  • Dec 18 Fernand J Collin, Belgian economist/banker
  • Dec 19 Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, France, anti-Semite/nazi collaborator
  • Dec 26 Willie Corsari, [Wilhelmina A Schmidt], Dutch writer
  • Dec 27 Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • Dec 30 Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (d. 1976)