Birthdays in History in 1898

  • Jan 6 Jan Filip Boon, Flemish author/editor (De Standaard 1929-39)
  • Jan 6 Charles E. Pont, American artist (d. 1971)
  • Jan 9 Wally Baker, American supercentenarian
  • Jan 11 Hans Rudolf Krik, Danish writer/critic (Fiskerne, Slaven)
  • Jan 13 Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
  • Jan 13 Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • Jan 20 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • Jan 22 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch writer (Arid Earth)
  • Jan 22 Hans van Werveke, Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan)
  • Jan 22 Ross R Barnett, lawyer/(Gov-D-Miss)
  • Jan 22 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • Jan 23 Freda Utley, British scholar and author (d. 1978)
  • Jan 25 Joachim Wach, German/US philosopher/sociologist (Understanding)
  • Jan 28 Wies Moens, Flemish writer/nazi
  • Jan 29 Karl Bjarnhof, Danish blind journalist/writer (History of Sascha)
  • Feb 3 Alvar Aalto, Finland, architect (Finlandia House)
  • Feb 3 Paul Urysohn, Russian mathematician
  • Feb 10 Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), born in Augsburg, Bavaria (d. 1956)
  • Feb 10 Joseph Kessel, French journalist/writer (Army of the Shadows)
  • Feb 11 Leo Szilard, Hungarian physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
  • Feb 13 Neville Pearson, English publisher
  • Feb 14 Fritz Zwicky, Swiss astronomer (supernova, dark matter)
  • Feb 18 Enzo Ferrari, racing car manufacturer, Modena
  • Feb 18 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • Feb 19 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, [Lou de Palingboer], Dutch sect leader
  • Feb 22 Anton de Kom, Surinam/Dutch worker's union leader/resistance fighter
  • Feb 23 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
  • Feb 24 Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer
  • Feb 25 William Thomas Astbury, English physicist/chemist (textiles)
  • Feb 26 Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
  • Mar 4 Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5 Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China, born in Huai'an, China (d. 1976)

Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai
Premier of the People's Republic of China
Zhou Enlai
  • Mar 7 Jan Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer
  • Mar 14 Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
  • Mar 23 Georgios Grivas, Greek general/opposition leader on Cyprus
  • Mar 24 Dorothy Stratton, organizer (SPARS-women's branch of US Coast Guard)
  • Mar 24 George Alpert, railroad executive
  • Mar 29 Cecil Lewis, airman/writer
  • Mar 30 Heinz Risse, German writer, born in Dusseldorf (d. 1989)
  • Apr 1 Pola Gojawiczynska, Polish writer (Stolica)
  • Apr 1 Roger Bastide, French sociologist
  • Apr 1 William James Sidis, American genius (d. 1944)
  • Apr 3 George Jessel, toastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)
  • Apr 3 Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)
  • Apr 8 Achiel H Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58)
  • Apr 8 Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
  • Apr 12 Grantley H Adams, Premier of Barbados (1953-58) and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation (1958-62), born in St. Michael, British Windward Islands
  • Apr 18 Lord Leatherland, British journalist/Labour peer
  • Apr 19 Sybil Andrews, English/Canadian painter
  • Apr 23 Edwin E Dwinger, German writer (General Vlassov)

  • Apr 26 Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977)
  • May 1 Eugene R Black, American President of World Bank (1953-62)
  • May 2 Jef [Josephus C F] Last, Dutch poet/politician (The Spark)
  • May 3 Golda Meir, [Meyerson], 4th Israeli PM (1969-74), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • May 3 Septima Poinsette Clark, civil rights activist/educator
  • May 6 Daniel Gerber, Freemont Mi, beloved by babies at mealtime
  • May 7 Vera Chapman, English writer and Tolkien Society founder, born in Bournemouth (d. 1996)
  • May 10 Ariel Durant, writer (Story of Civilization)
  • May 13 Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)
  • May 16 August de Schrijver, Belgian politician/founder (CVP)
  • May 16 Tamara de Lempicka, Polish-born painter (d. 1980)
  • May 17 Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)
  • May 18 Juan J Domenchina, Spanish poet/interpreter (sombra desterrada)
  • May 19 Julius Evola, Italian philosopher (d. 1974)
  • May 21 Armand Hammer, American millionaire industrialist (Occidental Petroleum), born in NYC, New York
  • May 23 Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
  • May 24 Kathleen Hale, British children book writer/illustrator (Orlando)
  • May 25 Bennett Cerf, publisher (Random House) panelist (What's My Line)
  • May 25 Gustav Regler, German writer, born in Merzig (d. 1963)
  • May 31 Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)
  • Jun 3 Rosa Chacel, spanish novelist
  • Jun 5 Federico Garcia Lorca, Spainish poet and dramatist (Blood Wedding), born in Fuente Vaqueros, Granada, Andalucía, Spain (d. 1936)
  • Jun 6 Ninette de Valois, [Edris Stannus], Engl, ballerina (Royal Ballet)
  • Jun 9 Curzio Malaparte, [Kurt E Suckert], Italian author (Kaputt)
  • Jun 15 Willem Scheps, Dutch journalist
  • Jun 17 Maurits C Escher, Dutch graphic artist
  • Jun 17 Carl Hermann, German physicist (d. 1961)
  • Jun 18 Carleton Percy Hobbs, Farnborough England
  • Jun 19 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate (d. 1968)
  • Jun 21 Donald C. Peattie, American botanist and writer (d. 1964)
  • Jun 22 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front), born in Osnabrück, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Jun 25 Kay (Katherine Linn) Sage, American painter and poet , born in Albany, New York
  • Jun 26 Willy Messerschmitt, German aircraft designer
  • Jun 26 Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (d. 1971)
  • Jun 27 Alexandra G "Alja" von Hoyer-Rachmanova, Russ/Aust author (Students)
  • Jul 1 Andre-Marie Charue, bishop of Namen Belgium
  • Jul 4 Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
  • Jul 8 Alec Waugh, English novelist (Island in the Sun); brother of Evelyn, born in London, England (d. 1981)
  • Jul 9 Gerard Walschap, Flemish writer/journalist (Mary, Revolt in Congo)
  • Jul 11 Hendrik J Pos, Dutch philosopher/CEO (Committee of Watchfulness)
  • Jul 11 Herman de Man, [Salomon H Hamburger], Dutch writer/Radio Orange
  • Jul 13 Martin David, German/Neth law historian
  • Jul 13 Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • Jul 17 Berenice Abbott, Springfield Oh, photographer (World of Atget)
  • Jul 17 Osmond Borradaile, Canadian cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • Jul 18 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • Jul 22 Alexander Calder, sculptor (mobiles, stabiles), born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Jul 22 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
  • Jul 23 Jacob Marschak, American economist (d. 1977)
  • Jul 24 Frank Mortelmans, Belgian painter
  • Jul 27 Audley Moore, civil rights activist, humanitarian [Queen Mother]
  • Jul 28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1968)
  • Jul 29 Isidor Isaac Rabi, Polish physicist (explored atom, Nobel 1944)
  • Jul 30 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), born in Castleford (d. 1986)
  • Aug 3 Brother Adam [Kehrle], benedictine monk/beekeeper
  • Aug 8 Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans)
  • Aug 9 David de Jong, Dutch writer (Mutiny on the Canal)
  • Aug 11 Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, politician/trade unionist
  • Aug 15 Lillian Carter, US President Jimmy Carter's (1977-1981) mom, born in Richland, Georgia (d. 1983)
  • Aug 15 Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (The Beetle), born in Zhmerynka, Ukraine (d. 1966)
  • Aug 17 Gerard Schmook, Flemish librarian/historian/custodian
  • Aug 20 G Kraus, director Santpoort (Insanity in Netherlands)
  • Aug 20 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physicist (Whom the God's Love)
  • Aug 20 Vilhelm Moberg, Swedish author and historian (d. 1973)
  • Aug 24 Albert Claude, Belgian biologist and physician (Nobel 1974), born in Longlier, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Aug 24 Malcolm Cowley, American author (Flowering of New England), born in Belsano, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 24 Marie J Hugenholtz, [Doctor Grandi], surgeon on Curacao
  • Aug 25 Helmut Hasse, German mathematician, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Aug 26 Peggy Guggenheim, American art patron & collector, born in NYC, New York (d. 1979)
  • Aug 28 Ludwig Turek, German writer, born in Stendal, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Aug 29 Preston Sturges [Edmund Biden], American director and screenwriter (Sullivan's Travels), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1959)
  • Sep 10 Waldo Semon, American inventor (d. 1999)
  • Sep 12 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), born in Kaunas, Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • Sep 14 Ernest Nash, German-born archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • Sep 15 John J Slauerhoff, Dutch ship's doctor/writer/poet (El Dorado)
  • Sep 16 H.A. Rey, American children's author, creator of "Curious George" (d. 1977)
  • Sep 19 Giuseppe Saragat, president of Italy (1964-71)
  • Sep 21 Tushar Kanti Ghosh, world's oldest/longest serving newspaper Editor
  • Sep 24 Charlotte D baroness of Pallandt, Dutch sculptress

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 24 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 1968)

Pathologist and Nobel Laureate Howard Florey
Pathologist and Nobel Laureate
Howard Florey
  • Sep 25 Robert Brackman American artist (d. 1980)
  • Sep 28 Carl Clauberg, Nazi concentration camp doctor (d. 1957)
  • Sep 29 Trofim Lysenko, Soviet biologist and agronomist, born in Karlovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1976)
  • Sep 30 Felix Kersten, Baltic-German/Finnish masseuse (Heinrich Himmler)
  • Sep 30 Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)
  • Oct 10 Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
  • Oct 16 Arthur H Dean, lawyer/advisor to FDR
  • Oct 16 William O Douglas, Maine, 81st Supreme Court justice (1939-75)
  • Oct 17 Mildred Knopf, cookbook writer
  • Oct 17 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch writer/poet (5th Seal)
  • Oct 21 Amedeo duke of Aosta, viceroy of Ethiopia/gov-gen of Italian East-Africa
  • Oct 22 Damaso Alonso, Spanish poet (Hijos de la ira)
  • Oct 25 Sidney van den Bergh, Dutch businessman/politician
  • Oct 31 Alfred Sauvy, French statistician (Affluence & Population)
  • Nov 7 Raphaël Salem, Greek mathematician (d. 1963)
  • Nov 9 Owen Barfield, philosopher of language
  • Nov 9 Leonard Carmichael, American Psychologist and secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (1953-1964), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Nov 11 Father Hugo Enomiya-Lassalle, German Jesuit priest/Zen teacher
  • Nov 11 Rene Clair, director (I Married a Witch, It Happened Tomorrow)
  • Nov 12 Abraham J D van Oosten, Dutch poet/author (His Master's Voice)
  • Nov 15 Willy Alfredo, [Willem Jue], Dutch entertainer/poet (Fish-Trap)
  • Nov 18 Joris Ivens, Nijmegen Netherlands, director (Rain)
  • Nov 19 Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)
  • Nov 21 René Magritte, Belgian surrealistic painter (This is Not a Pipe)
  • Nov 22 Wiley Post, Grand Plain Tx, aviator/parachutist (crashed in Alaska)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 26 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), born in Helsa, German Empire (d. 1973)

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • Nov 27 Fredric Warburg, publisher and author (d. 1981)
  • Nov 28 Yuri N Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero) [OS]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 29 C. S. Lewis [Clive Staples], British sci-fi author (Silver Chair), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 1963)

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis
  • Dec 2 Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (d. 1918)
  • Dec 5 Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (d. 1982)
  • Dec 6 Alfred Eisenstaedt, photo journalist
  • Dec 6 Gunnar Myrdal, Swedish sociologist/economist (Nobel 1974)
  • Dec 9 Emmett Kelly, Sedan KS, circus clown (Weary Willie)
  • Dec 10 Anton Mauve, Dutch painter
  • Dec 10 Yuri N Libedinski, Ukrainian writer (Birth of Hero) [NS]
  • Dec 11 Nils J E Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn)
  • Dec 18 Jacob Kruijt, Dutch sociologist
  • Dec 21 Ira S Bowen, US physicist/astronomer (Mt Wilson/Palomar)
  • Dec 22 Lionel Charles Robbins, British economist, born in Middlesex, England (d. 1984)
  • Dec 22 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (d. 1974)
  • Dec 25 Theo Swagemakers, Dutch portrait painter
  • Dec 28 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • Dec 28 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)