Birthdays in History in 1900

  • Jan 1 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
  • Jan 1 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • Jan 3 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • Jan 4 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 Paula Ludwig, Austrian German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • Jan 5 Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
  • Jan 8 Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
  • Jan 9 Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
  • Jan 15 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
  • Jan 17 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
  • Jan 20 Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
  • Jan 25 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukraine, genetist/writer (Mankind Evolving)
  • Jan 25 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
  • Jan 27 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • Jan 28 Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
  • Jan 28 Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
  • Jan 28 Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
  • Jan 29 Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
  • Jan 30 Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
  • Jan 31 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York City (d. 1982)
  • Feb 2 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, born in Salem, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • Feb 5 Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), presidential candidate (D) (1952, 1956)
  • Feb 6 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Heliga Familjen)
  • Feb 8 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 8 Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
  • Feb 11 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • Feb 11 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • Feb 11 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • Feb 19 Giorgos Seferis, writer
  • Feb 20 Graham Spry, St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
  • Feb 22 Giorgios Seferis, Greece, poet (Nobel 1963)
  • Feb 22 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk)
  • Feb 28 Laura Z Hobson, writer
  • Feb 28 Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
  • Mar 1 Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
  • Mar 1 Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
  • Mar 6 John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian (University of London)
  • Mar 7 Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
  • Mar 7 [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
  • Mar 8 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1973)
  • Mar 9 Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
  • Mar 10 Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
  • Mar 12 David Croll, QC senator
  • Mar 15 Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
  • Mar 19 [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
  • Mar 23 Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, US writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
  • Apr 11 Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
  • Apr 18 Louise Tazewell, [Louise Skiller Tazewell], entertainer
  • Apr 19 Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
  • Apr 26 Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • Apr 27 Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • May 5 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 10 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, British-American astronomer and astrophysicist who proposed that stars are composed largely of hydrogen and are not glowing balls of molten rock, born in Wendover, England (d. 1979)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, US, portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
  • May 23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Owen Aisher, president (Marley)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 Dennis Gabor, Hungarian-British engineer and physicist (invented holography, Nobel Prize 1971), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1979)

Physicist and electrical engineer Dennis Gabor
Physicist and electrical engineer
Dennis Gabor
  • Jun 5 Barbara Gooden, novelist
  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan [Johannes A A] Engelman, poet/translator/critic (Garden of Eros)
  • Jun 8 Herman J Friedericy, [H J Merlijn], writer (Last general)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch literary
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 17 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), born in Wegeleben, Germany (d. 1945)

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jun 25 Izak D du Plessis, South African writer/director (3rd World)
  • Jun 25 Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral
  • Jun 26 Jo Spier [Joseph Spier], Dutch cartoonist and water color painter, born in Zutphen (d. 1978)
  • Jun 27 Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham)
  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • Jul 3 John Mason Brown, critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Jul 5 Bernardus J Cardinal Alfrink, cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands
  • Jul 7 Earle E. Partridge, United States Air Force general (d. 1990)
  • Jul 10 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
  • Jul 12 Fjodor Godunov-Tcherdynchev, Russian poet (Life of Tchernyshevsky)
  • Jul 13 JH Scheps, Dutch 2nd-Member of parliament (social democratic)
  • Jul 18 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], Ivanovo, Russia, writer and lawyer (Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits)
  • Jul 19 Arno Breker, German sculptor (3rd Reich sculptor
  • Jul 19 Charles Barnet "Roscoe" Harvey, soldier
  • Jul 19 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist/writer
  • Jul 20 Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
  • Jul 20 Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
  • Jul 24 Zelda Fitzgerald, 1st wife of F Scott
  • Jul 25 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola)
  • Jul 27 Charles Vidor, direct (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary
  • Jul 29 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish novelist (Return to Ithaca), Nobel Prize (1974), born in Svartbjörnsbyn (d. 1976)
  • Jul 31 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • Aug 3 Arnoldus J N M Struycken, Dutch lawyer
  • Aug 3 Ernie Pyle, England, correspondent during WW II
  • Aug 3 John T Scopes, Tennessee teacher convicted for teaching evolution
  • Aug 4 Arturo Umberto Illia, President of Argentina (1963-66)
  • Aug 4 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 4 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, British consort of King George VI and Queen Mother after his death, born in Hitchin, Hertfordshire, England (d. 2002)

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • Aug 6 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • Aug 7 Taylor Caldwell, novelist
  • Aug 8 Josephine Holt Bay, 1st woman to head a firm on NY stock exchange
  • Aug 11 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • Aug 18 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (d. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 18 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • Aug 19 Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (d. 1976)
  • Aug 20 Edward J "Murt" O'Donoghue, snooker player, 1st witnessed 147 break
  • Aug 22 Sergei Ozhegov, Russian lexicographer (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • Aug 29 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building/Centre Pompidou)
  • Aug 30 Franklin C Fry, US minister (Lutheran World Relief)
  • Aug 31 Gino Lucetti, Italian anarchist (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht)
  • Sep 3 Urho K Kekkonen, premier/president Finland (1956-81)
  • Sep 4 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder
  • Sep 6 Julien Green, US/French writer (Frere Francois)
  • Sep 6 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (d. 1979)
  • Sep 7 "Janet" Taylor Caldwell, English novelist (Melissa)
  • Sep 8 Claude D Pepper, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- ), old people's advocate
  • Sep 9 James Hilton, English novelist (Goodbye Mr Chips)
  • Sep 11 D. W. Brooks, American farmer and businessman (d. 1999)
  • Sep 14 Sidney Marion, MA, entertainer
  • Sep 15 Larry Kent, CA, director (High Stakes)
  • Sep 17 John Willard Marriott, American hotelier (d. 1985)
  • Sep 20 Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco, Brazil general/pres (1964-67)
  • Sep 22 William Spratling, American silversmith (d. 1967)
  • Sep 22 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 23 Bill Stone, British serviceman; one of the last surviving veterans of World War I
  • Sep 24 Ham Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1955)
  • Sep 29 Miguel Alemán Valdés, President of Mexico (d. 1983)
  • Sep 30 Otto Roesch, paleontologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Coco the Clown [Nicolai Poliakoff], Famous Russian clown, born in Dvinsk, Russian Empire (d. 1974)

Famous Clown Coco the Clown
Famous Clown
Coco the Clown
  • Oct 3 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), born in NYC, New York (d.1970)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 3 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), born in Asheville, North Carolina (d.1938)

Novelist Thomas Wolfe
Novelist
Thomas Wolfe

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 7 Heinrich Himmler, a leading Nazi and head of the Gestapo

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • Oct 8 Geoffrey Jellicoe, English landscape architect, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 8 Serge Chermayeff, architect/designer
  • Oct 16 Edward Ardizzone, artist and illustrator (d. 1979)
  • Oct 16 Primo Conti, Italian painter (d. 1988)
  • Oct 20 Wayne Morse, (Sen-R/D-Ore)
  • Oct 22 Edward R Stettinius, US, foreign minister (1944-45)/diplomat
  • Oct 24 Elizabeth Hill, teacher of Salvonic languages
  • Oct 26 Ibrahim Abbud, general/premier Sudan (1958-64)
  • Oct 26 Karin Boye, writer (Kallocain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Ragnar Granit Finnish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
  • Nov 3 Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)
  • Nov 4 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist and sociologist (d. 1954)
  • Nov 5 Martin Dies, Jr., American politician (d. 1972)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8 Margaret Mitchell, author (Gone With the Wind), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1949)

  • Nov 8 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Küssnacht, Swiss Botanist and pioneer of submicroscopic morphology and the discipline of molecular biology
  • Nov 11 Hugh Scott, (Sen-R-Penn), minority whip
  • Nov 14 Clara Fasano, sculptor
  • Nov 18 Constantin Alajalov, Russia, artist (Ditters & Jitters)
  • Nov 18 Howard Thurman, theologian/author (Deep River, Deep in the Hunger)
  • Nov 18 George Kistiakowsky, Ukrainian-American Chemist who helped develop the first atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), but later opposed nuclear weapons, born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • Nov 19 Anna Seghers, [Netty Radvanyi-Reiling], German author (7th Cross)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Lavrentyev, Russian scientist (d. 1980)
  • Nov 20 Chester Gould, cartoonist (Dick Tracy)
  • Nov 22 Tom Macdonald, Welsh journalist and novelist (d. 1980)
  • Nov 25 Helen Gahagan Douglas, Nixon's 1st opponent/(Rep-D-Ca)
  • Nov 25 Rudolf Höß, commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1947)
  • Nov 30 Korneel Goossens, Flemish literature/art historian
  • Dec 3 Lester Matthews, Nottingham England, (Sir Dennis-Adv of Fu Manchu)
  • Dec 3 Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
  • Dec 3 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
  • Dec 8 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (d. 1990)
  • Dec 9 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
  • Dec 15 Francesco Messina, sculptor
  • Dec 16 Victor S Pritchett, literary critic/author (Myth Makers)
  • Dec 17 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (d. 1998)
  • Dec 20 Gabby Harnett, (NL MVP 1935)
  • Dec 21 Oda Schaefer, German author/poet (Die Windharfe, Ladies Only)
  • Dec 21 Vsevolod Vishnevsky, Russian playwright and journalist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1951)
  • Dec 23 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • Dec 24 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)