Birthdays in History in 1901

  • Jan 1 Christine WI Wittewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch MP (CDD)
  • Jan 2 Robert Marshall, founder (Wilderness Society)
  • Jan 3 Eric Voegelin, Germany, US philosopher (Order & History)
  • Jan 3 Ngo Dinh Diem, pres/dictator of South Vietnam (1955-63)
  • Jan 4 C. L. R. James, writer and journalist (d. 1989)
  • Jan 5 H L Honore comte d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter
  • Jan 5 Mario Scelba, premier Italy (1954-55)
  • Jan 8 Edmond Vandercammen, French/Belgian writer (L'amour responsable)
  • Jan 9 Chic Young, cartoonist (Blondie)
  • Jan 11 Andries D Copier, Dutch glass manufacturer (Gildeglass)
  • Jan 11 Kwon Ki-ok, Korean pilot (d. 1988)
  • Jan 13 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • Jan 13 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • Jan 14 Carlos P Romulo, Philippine general/diplomat/jurist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 16 Fulgencio Batista, president/dictator of Cuba (1933-44, 1952-59)

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • Jan 16 Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
  • Jan 17 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher (d. 1973)
  • Jan 18 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist
  • Jan 18 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1973)
  • Jan 23 Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician
  • Jan 29 Allen B DuMont, inventor (perfected commercial practical cathode ray tube)
  • Jan 30 Earl of Huntingdon, mural painter
  • Jan 30 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1977)
  • Jan 31 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, writer
  • Feb 2 Jascha Heifetz, Vilna Lithuania, US violin virtuoso (Carnegie Hall)
  • Feb 7 Bob den Doolaard, [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer (Grape Pickers)
  • Feb 11 Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
  • Feb 15 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • Feb 15 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • Feb 15 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • Feb 19 Cor[nelis RJ] Kieboom, Dutch resistance fighter/chairman (Feyenoord)
  • Feb 20 Ali Muhammad Naguib, Khartoum, president of Egypt (1952-54)
  • Feb 20 Cecil H King, Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
  • Feb 20 Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist
  • Feb 20 Louis I Kahn, Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory) [or Dec 20]
  • Feb 20 René Jules Dubos, France, US microbiologist/author (Health & Disease)
  • Feb 22 Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)
  • Feb 23 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • Feb 23 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • Feb 27 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 28 Linus Pauling, Portland, Oregon, American chemist/peace activist (Nobel 1954, 1962)

Chemist & Peace Activist Linus Pauling
Chemist & Peace Activist
Linus Pauling
  • Feb 28 Rudolf W Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen)
  • Mar 2 Willem Bruynzeel, Dutch timber-merchant
  • Mar 4 Charles H Goren, bridge master (26 US Titles)
  • Mar 4 Jean Joseph Rabearivelo, Malagasy/French poet (d. 1937)
  • Mar 5 Julian Przybos, Polish poet (Sruby)
  • Mar 6 Mark Donskoy, Odessa Russia, director (Heart of a Mother)
  • Mar 17 Eisaku Sato, premier of Japan (Nobel 1974)
  • Mar 18 William H. Johnson, African-American artist of the Harlem Renaissance (d. 1970)
  • Mar 19 Gerrit Jan van Heuven Goedhart, Dutch Min of Justice (Nobel 1954)
  • Mar 19 Jo Mielziner, set designer (Carousel, Death of a Salesman), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 21 Richard Leslie Hill, historian
  • Mar 21 Karl Arnold, German politician (d. 1958)
  • Mar 22 Greta Kempton, American artist (d. 1991)
  • Mar 23 Jan H de Groot, Dutch resistance fighter/co-founder (Free Netherlands)
  • Mar 24 Ub Iwerks, American cartoonist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Erich Ollenhauer, German politician (SPD)
  • Mar 27 Sato Eisaku, (Lib) Japanese PM (1964-72) (Nobel 1974)
  • Mar 27 Wilhelm Conrad von Roentgen, physicist (Nobel)
  • Mar 27 Carl Barks, American illustrator (d. 2000)
  • Mar 29 Frans U Kailas, Finnish poet
  • Mar 29 Andrija Maurovic, Croatian illustrator (d. 1981)
  • Apr 1 Whittaker Chambers, American writer, editor, and defector (d. 1961)
  • Apr 5 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian/French painter/graphic artist
  • Apr 5 Chester Bowles, Mass, ambassador/writer (Conscience of a Liberal)
  • Apr 6 Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • Apr 11 Adriano Olivetti, Italian engineer/manufacturer (typewriter)
  • Apr 11 Glenway Wescott, US writer (Apartment in Athens)
  • Apr 12 Lowell Stockman, American representative (d. 1962)
  • Apr 13 René-Jean Pleven, French premier (1950-52)
  • Apr 13 Jacques Lacan, French psychoanalyst and semanticist (d. 1981)
  • Apr 14 Martin Kessel, German writer, born in Plauen (d. 1990)
  • Apr 15 Joe Davis, English snooker/billiards-world champ (1927-46)
  • Apr 16 Leo Poos, nazi police officer (caught Dutch underground agents)
  • Apr 17 George Keyt, Sri Lankan painter, born in Ceylon (d. 1993)
  • Apr 20 Michel Leiris, French cultural anthropologist
  • Apr 23 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist (d. 1988)
  • Apr 29 George Osborne Sayles, historian
  • Apr 29 Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (1926-89)
  • Apr 30 Simon Kuznets, Ukrainian-born economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
  • May 1 Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
  • May 2 Lev N Lunts, Russia, writer (Outside the Law, City of Truth)
  • May 2 Willi Bredel, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1964)
  • May 7 L T Coggeshall, medical scientist/ US Secretary of HEW (1956-58)
  • May 10 Albert Dondeyne, Belgian philosopher/theologist
  • May 11 Mari Sandoz, Nebraska, author (Cheyenne Autumn)
  • May 14 Robert Ritter, German psychologist (d. 1951)
  • May 15 Xavier Herbert, Australian author (d. 1984)
  • May 18 Vincent du Vigneaud, US biochemist
  • May 20 Max Euwe, Netherlands, world chess champion (1935-37)
  • May 21 Suzanne Lilar, [Verbist], France/Belgian writer (Le burlador)
  • May 22 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1953)
  • May 27 Conrad Elvehjem, McFarland, Wisconsin, USA, American biochemist and nutrition scientist (discovered niacin)
  • May 30 Cornelia Otis Skinner, Chic, writer (When Our Hearts Were Young & Gay)
  • Jun 1 John W Van Duren, playwright (I Remember Mama)
  • Jun 2 Michael Todd, producer (Around the World in 80 Days)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Daughter of the last Russian Tsar, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 6 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), born in Surabaya, Java (d. 1970)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • Jun 8 Lena Baker, American murderer (d. 1945)
  • Jun 9 George Price, cartoonist
  • Jun 13 Lode Zielens, Flemish author/journalist (Obscure Blood)
  • Jun 13 Tage F Erlander, Swedish premier (1946-69)
  • Jun 19 Edward Lambert, British diplomat
  • Jun 20 Iri Maruki, Japanese artist (The Hiroshima Panels), born in Hiroshima (d. 1995)
  • Jun 22 Willem Jacobus du Plooy Erlank (Eitemal), Wolmaransstad, Transvaal, poet and professor in Afrikaans and Dutch literature at the University of Stellenbosch
  • Jun 23 Mariel-Henri Jaspar, Belgian minister/ambassador
  • Jun 23 Paul Verhoeven, Unna Germany, director
  • Jun 26 Stuart Symington, (Sen-D-Mo)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 30 Willie Sutton, American bank robber, born in Brooklyn, New York

Bank Robber Willie Sutton
Bank Robber
Willie Sutton
  • Jul 1 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, philanthropist
  • Jul 5 Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992)
  • Jul 8 Donald Benjamin Harden, archaeologist
  • Jul 9 Barbara Cartland, romance author (Camfield #69)
  • Jul 13 Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • Jul 15 Pyke F C Koch, Dutch surrealistic painter (Dolores' Breakfast)
  • Jul 17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)
  • Jul 20 Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist
  • Jul 25 Walter Breedveld/Reinier de Muntel, writer (Een ship vergaat)
  • Jul 31 Jean Debuffet, French painter/sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages)
  • Aug 3 Stefan Wyszynski, Polish cardinal
  • Aug 8 Ernest Lawrence, American nuclear scientist and inventor (Cyclotron - Nobel 1939), born in Canton, South Dakota (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 James Pitman, Bath England, educator/publisher/phonetic speller
  • Aug 15 Arias Arnulfo, 3 time president of Panama (1940-41, 49-51, 68)
  • Aug 15 Hans Lorbeer, German writer and politician, born in Lutherstadt Wittenberg (d. 1973)
  • Aug 15 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 20 Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian poet, critic and translator (Nobel 1959), born in Modica, Italy (d. 1968)

Author/Poet Salvatore Quasimodo
Author/Poet
Salvatore Quasimodo
  • Aug 23 Cecil Rolph Hewitt, journalist/policeman
  • Aug 23 John Sherman Cooper, (Sen-Ky)
  • Aug 26 Gen Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff
  • Aug 26 Jan de Quay, Dutch minister of war/premier (KVP, 1959-63)
  • Aug 26 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • Aug 30 John Gunther, author/host (John Gunther's High Road), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 30 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1981)
  • Sep 2 Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
  • Sep 4 Paul Osborn, playwright (Mornings at 7)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 4 William Lyons, British industrialist (Jaguar cars), born in Blackpool, Lancashire (d. 1985)

Mr Jaguar William Lyons
Mr Jaguar
William Lyons
  • Sep 6 John Erik Jonsson, businessman/Mayor of Dallas
  • Sep 8 Hendrik Verwoerd, South African Prime Minister (1958-66) who was assassinated in 1966, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Sep 15 Sir Donald Bailey, British engineer (d. 1985)
  • Sep 16 CFH "Freddie" Gough, British major scout (WW II, Arnhem)
  • Sep 17 Francis Chichester, Barnstaple, Devon, English aviator and sailor (Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire)
  • Sep 22 Charles Huggins, surgeon/medical researcher
  • Sep 23 Adriaan Pitlo, Dutch lawyer, born in Antwerp (d. 1987)
  • Sep 23 Jaroslav Seifert, Czech poet (Nobel 1984)
  • Sep 28 Friedrichs, mathematician
  • Sep 28 Ed Sullivan, TV variety show host/gossip columnist (Ed Sullivan Show), born in New York City

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 29 Enrico Fermi, Italian/American nuclear physicist, gone fission/fermium (Nobel 1938), born in Rome, Italy

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Sep 29 Lanza del Vasto, Italian philosopher and activist (d. 1981)
  • Oct 2 Christopher Clarkson, test Pilot
  • Oct 2 [Ignatius] Roy [D] Campbell, South African poet (Flowering Rifle)
  • Oct 2 Charles Stark Draper, Windsor Missouri, American Scientist and Engineer who headed the team that invented the Apollo Guidance Computer and inertial navigation technology for aircraft, space vehicles, and submarines
  • Oct 4 [Robert] Carroll Nye, actor (Gone with the Wind), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Oct 5 John Alton, cinematographer
  • Oct 5 Willy Lages, German chief of Sicherheitsdienst in Amsterdam
  • Oct 7 Souvanna Phouma, Prince and Prime Minister of Laos (1951–54, 1956–58, 1960 and 1962–75), born in Luang Phrabang, Laos (d. 1984)
  • Oct 10 Albert Giacometti, Swiss/French painter/sculptor
  • Oct 13 Benjamin Merkelbach, architect/city builder of Amsterdam
  • Oct 14 Willem A Wagenaar, journalist/writer (Shanghai)
  • Oct 15 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats)
  • Oct 15 Hermann Abs, director (Deutsche Bank)/Hitler's advisor
  • Oct 15 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, soldier
  • Oct 19 Arleigh A Burke, Colo, admiral (WW II, Solomon Islands, Navy Cross)
  • Oct 21 Gerhard von Rad, German old testament scholar (Deuteronomium)
  • Oct 22 Charles Huggins, Canada, US physician
  • Oct 28 Eileen Shanahan, Irish Poet (d. 1979)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 3 Andre Malraux, [Berger], novelist/art historian (La Condition Humaine), born in Paris, France

Novelist André Malraux
Novelist
André Malraux
  • Nov 3 Leopold III, [Filip von Saksen-Coburg], King of the Belgians (from 1934, abdicated 1951), d. 1983
  • Nov 4 Princess Bang-ja of Korea (d. 1989)
  • Nov 4 Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (d. 1974)
  • Nov 8 Gheorge Gheorghiu Dej, Romania party leader/president
  • Nov 9 John Norrie McArthur, malariologist/microscopist
  • Nov 11 Sam Spiegel, producer (On the Waterfront, Bridge over River Kwai)
  • Nov 11 F. Van Wyck Mason, American author (d. 1978)
  • Nov 17 Walter Hallstein, West German politician (CDU) (Hallstein doctrine)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18 George Gallup, American public opinion pollster (Gallup Poll), born in Jefferson, Iowa (d. 1984)

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup
  • Nov 24 Andre Victor Tchelistcheff, winemaker
  • Nov 25 Arthur Liebehenschel, Commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp (d. 1948)
  • Nov 26 Philippus J Idenburg, Dutch statistician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 Walt [Walter Elias] Disney, animator, (Mickey Mouse), producer and co-founder of Walt Disney Co., born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • Dec 5 Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)
  • Dec 5 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (d. 1980)
  • Dec 7 A F [Tony] Pugsley, British rear-admiral (Walcheren attack (1944))
  • Dec 9 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
  • Dec 9 Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936)
  • Dec 10 F Fischer, German war criminal (Breda 4)
  • Dec 13 John Wijga, painter/illustrator
  • Dec 14 Paul I, King of Greece (1947-64)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 16 Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (Coming of Age in Samoa), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cultural Anthropologist Margaret Mead
Cultural Anthropologist
Margaret Mead
  • Dec 19 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist/novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 20 Louis I Kahn, US architect [or Feb 20]
  • Dec 20 Robert Van de Graaff, Alabama, physicist (Mobility of Gaseous Ions)
  • Dec 21 Juan A de Zunzunegui y Loredo, Spanish writer
  • Dec 25 Alice C, English duchess of Gloucester/aunt of Elizabeth II