Birthdays in History on December 17

  • 1239 Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese Shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1267 Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (d. 1324)
  • 1554 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne
  • 1619 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, soldier/chemist/engraver/mathematician, commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, (d. 1682)
  • 1632 Anthony Wood, English antiqurian (d. 1695)
  • 1685 Thomas Tickell, English writer (d. 1740)
  • 1706 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire)
  • 1734 William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734 Maria I of Portugal, Portuguese queen (d. 1816)
  • 1778 Hunphry Davy, English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • 1796 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1797 Joseph Henry, US, scientist/inventor/pioneer of electromagnetism
  • 1800 Gergely Czuczor, Hung/Czech poet/translator (Great Hung dictionary)
  • 1807 John Greenleaf Whittier, US, poet (Snow-bound)
  • 1819 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Frederick Tracy Dent, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Frederick West Lander, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1824 John Kerr, System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect)
  • 1824 Manning Ferguson Force, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • 1824 Thomas Starr King, NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1830 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1833 James Thadeus Holtzclaw, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1835 Alexander E Agassiz, US, businessman/biologist/geology
  • 1842 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • 1847 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (d. 1916)
  • 1853 Émile Roux, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1859 Paul César Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • 1873 Ford Madox Ford, English novelist/editor (Inheritors)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (1921-30, 1935-48), born in Berlin, Ontario (d. 1950)

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1881 Johannes CB "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter
  • 1887 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Hermine Reuss, Empress of Germany and Duchess of Bohemia (d. 1947)
  • 1888 King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Erwin Piscator, German stage director (Der Stellvertreter)
  • 1894 Hans Henny Jahnn, writer
  • 1894 Hans [Henry] Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist (quantum mechanics)
  • 1894 Willem Schermerhorn, Neth premier (1945-46)
  • 1894 David Butler, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1900 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1902 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Erskine P Caldwell, author (Tobacco Road, God's Little Acre)
  • 1904 Paul Cadmus, etcher/painter (Sailors & Floozies), born in NYC, New York
  • 1905 Simo Häyhä, Finnish sniper (d. 2002)
  • 1905 Érico Lopes Veríssimo, Brazilian writer (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Willard Frank Libby, Grand Valley Colorado, American chemist (carbon-14 "atomic clock" - Nobel 1960)

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • 1916 Antoine G T "Toon" Hermans, Dutch entertainer/poet (Kolderliedjes)
  • 1916 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Jeremy Brooks, English writer (Jampot Smith), born in Southampton (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Marilyn Beck, newspaper columnist
  • 1928 Eli Beeding, Sherman, TX, Air Force Captain and rocket test pilot, (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 William Safire, political columnist (NY Times)/speech writer (Nixon), (d. 2009)

American Political Columnist & Presidential Speechwriter William Safire
American Political Columnist & Presidential Speechwriter
William Safire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Bob Guccione, [Robert C J Edwa], US publisher (Penthouse, Omni), (d. 2010)

Publisher Bob Guccione
Publisher
Bob Guccione
  • 1931 Yvonne Keuls, [Bamberg], Dutch writer (Jan Rap & Co)
  • 1933 Paul Snoek, [Edm Schietekat], Belgian poet
  • 1936 Frank Martinus Arion, [F Efraim M], Antilles, writer (Double Play)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Pope Francis
Pope
Francis
  • 1937 Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1937 John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (d. 1969)
  • 1937 Calvin Waller, US Army general (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Charles V. Bush, African-American pioneer (1st African-American US Air Force Academy Graduate and US Supreme Court Page), (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Kåre Valebrokk, Norwegian journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian military leader and politician (President of Nigeria 2015-), born in Daura, Katsina State

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • 1944 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, US, sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
  • 1945 Chris Matthews, American journalist
  • 1945 Jacqueline Wilson, English author
  • 1947 Marilyn Hassett, LA Ca
  • 1947 Simon Bates, English DJ
  • 1950 Laurence F. Johnson, American educator
  • 1952 Hans Alders, Dutch minister of environment (PvdA)
  • 1966 Kristiina Ojuland, Estonian politician
  • 1968 Andrey Golovatiuk, Russian politician
  • 1969 Chuck Liddell, American mixed martial artist
  • 1970 Benedictine, [St Bernard]; becomes heaviest known dog (137 kg)
  • 1974 Duff Goldman, American chef
  • 1980 Eli Pariser, American political activist (MoveOn.org)
  • 1982 Craig Kielburger, Canadian labour activist
  • 1982 Ryan Moats, National Football League runningback
  • 1985 Ryuichi Ogata, member of Japanese boy band w-inds.
  • 2007 James Windsor, Viscount Severn, son of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex