Birthdays in History on December 17

  • 1239 Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese Shogun (d. 1256)
  • 1267 Emperor Go-Uda of Japan (d. 1324)
  • 1554 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne
  • 1619 Prince Rupert of the Rhine, soldier/chemist/engraver/mathematician, commander in the English Civil War and first Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company, (d. 1682)
  • 1632 Anthony Wood, English antiqurian (d. 1695)
  • 1685 Thomas Tickell, English writer (d. 1740)
  • 1706 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire)
  • 1734 William Floyd, US soldier/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1734 Maria I of Portugal, Portuguese queen (d. 1816)
  • 1778 Hunphry Davy, English chemist (discovered some elements)
  • 1796 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (d. 1865)
  • 1797 Joseph Henry, US, scientist/inventor/pioneer of electromagnetism
  • 1800 Gergely Czuczor, Hung/Czech poet/translator (Great Hung dictionary)
  • 1807 John Greenleaf Whittier, US, poet (Snow-bound)
  • 1819 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Frederick Tracy Dent, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Frederick West Lander, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1824 John Kerr, System physicist (electro-visually Kerr-effect)
  • 1824 Manning Ferguson Force, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • 1824 Thomas Starr King, NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 1830 Jules de Goncourt, French novelist (Germinie), wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, born in Paris (d. 1870)
  • 1833 James Thadeus Holtzclaw, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1893)
  • 1835 Alexander E Agassiz, US, businessman/biologist/geology
  • 1842 Marius Sophus Lie, Norwegian mathematician (continous groups)
  • 1847 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (d. 1916)
  • 1853 Émile Roux, French physician (d. 1933)
  • 1859 Paul César Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • 1873 Ford Madox Ford, English novelist/editor (Inheritors)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (1921-30, 1935-48), born in Berlin, Ontario (d. 1950)

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1881 Johannes CB "Jan" Sluyters, Dutch painter
  • 1887 Josef Lada, Czech painter (d. 1957)
  • 1887 Hermine Reuss, Empress of Germany and Duchess of Bohemia (d. 1947)
  • 1888 King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (d. 1934)
  • 1893 Erwin Piscator, German stage director (Der Stellvertreter)
  • 1894 Hans Henny Jahnn, writer
  • 1894 Hans [Henry] Kramers, Dutch theoretical physicist (quantum mechanics)
  • 1894 Willem Schermerhorn, Neth premier (1945-46)
  • 1894 David Butler, director (April in Paris, Calamity Jane), born in San Francisco, California
  • 1900 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (d. 1998)
  • 1902 Albert Drach, Austrian-Jewish writer, born in Vienna (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Erskine P Caldwell, author (Tobacco Road, God's Little Acre)
  • 1904 Paul Cadmus, etcher/painter (Sailors & Floozies), born in NYC, New York
  • 1905 Simo Häyhä, Finnish sniper (d. 2002)
  • 1905 Érico Lopes Veríssimo, Brazilian writer (d. 1975)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Willard Frank Libby, American chemist (carbon-14 "atomic clock" - Nobel 1960), born in Grand Valley, Colorado (d. 1980)

Chemist Willard Libby
Chemist
Willard Libby
  • 1916 Antoine G T "Toon" Hermans, Dutch entertainer/poet (Kolderliedjes)
  • 1916 Penelope Fitzgerald, English writer (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Alan Voorhees, American engineer and urban planner (d. 2005)
  • 1923 Jaroslav Pelikan, American historian (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Jeremy Brooks, English writer (Jampot Smith), born in Southampton (d. 1994)
  • 1928 Marilyn Beck, newspaper columnist
  • 1928 Eli Beeding, Sherman, TX, Air Force Captain and rocket test pilot, (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 William Safire, American political columnist (NY Times) and speech writer (Nixon), born in NYC, New York (d. 2009)

American Political Columnist & Presidential Speechwriter William Safire
American Political Columnist & Presidential Speechwriter
William Safire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Bob Guccione, American publisher (Penthouse, Omni), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)

Publisher Bob Guccione
Publisher
Bob Guccione
  • 1931 Yvonne Keuls, [Bamberg], Dutch writer (Jan Rap & Co)
  • 1933 Paul Snoek, [Edm Schietekat], Belgian poet
  • 1936 Frank Martinus Arion, [F Efraim M], Antilles, writer (Double Play)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Pope Francis [Jorge Mario Bergoglio], Catholic Pope (2013-) 1st Jesuit pope, 1st from the Americas and 1st non-European pope since Syrian Gregory III in 741, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Pope Francis
Pope
Francis
  • 1937 Kerry Packer, Australian businessman (d. 2005)
  • 1937 John Kennedy Toole, American novelist (d. 1969)
  • 1937 Calvin Waller, US Army general (d. 1996)
  • 1939 Charles V. Bush, African-American pioneer (1st African-American US Air Force Academy Graduate and US Supreme Court Page), (d. 2012)
  • 1940 Kåre Valebrokk, Norwegian journalist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian military leader and politician (President of Nigeria 2015-), born in Daura, Katsina State

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • 1944 Jack L[aurence] Chalker, US, sci-fi author (Saga of Well World)
  • 1945 Chris Matthews, American journalist
  • 1945 Jacqueline Wilson, English author
  • 1947 Marilyn Hassett, LA Ca
  • 1947 Simon Bates, English DJ
  • 1950 Laurence F. Johnson, American educator
  • 1952 Hans Alders, Dutch minister of environment (PvdA)
  • 1966 Kristiina Ojuland, Estonian politician
  • 1968 Andrey Golovatiuk, Russian politician
  • 1969 Chuck Liddell, American mixed martial artist
  • 1970 Benedictine, [St Bernard]; becomes heaviest known dog (137 kg)
  • 1974 Duff Goldman, American chef
  • 1980 Eli Pariser, American political activist (MoveOn.org)
  • 1982 Craig Kielburger, Canadian labour activist
  • 1982 Ryan Moats, National Football League runningback
  • 1985 Ryuichi Ogata, member of Japanese boy band w-inds.
  • 1987 Chelsea [born Bradley] Manning, US soldier who released WikiLeaks, born in Crescent, Oklahoma
  • 2007 James Windsor, Viscount Severn, son of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex