Birthdays in History on December 22

  • 1095 Roger II of Sicily, King of Sicily (d. 1154)
  • 1178 Emperor Antoku of Japan (d. 1185)
  • 1400 Luca della Robbia, Italy, sculptor (Madonna of Rose Garden)
  • 1459 Djem Sultan, son of Turks sultan Mehmed II
  • 1515 Mary of Lorraine, France, pro-French Regent of Scotland
  • 1523 Charles "Cardinal" of Bourbon, archbishop Rouen
  • 1546 Kuroda Yoshitaka, Japanese Daimyo (d. 1604)
  • 1550 Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (d. 1631)
  • 1573 Ernst Casimir, count of Nassau-Dietz/mayor of Frisia/Groningen
  • 1639 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre), born in La Ferté-Milon, Picardy (d. 1699)
  • 1643 Rene-Robert Cavelier La Salle, France, French explorer (Louisiana)
  • 1684 Johann J Dillenius, [Dillen], German botanist (Historia Muscorum)
  • 1690 Meidingnu Pamheiba, King of Manipur (d. 1751)
  • 1694 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)
  • 1696 James Oglethorpe, England, General/author/colonizer (Georgia)
  • 1700 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent
  • 1702 Jean E Liotard, [Turk], Swiss painter (Madame d'Epinay)
  • 1727 William Ellery, US attorney/signer (Declar of Independence)
  • 1728 Charles Frederick, Baden, liberal ruler of Baden
  • 1753 Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)
  • 1764 Barbara Juliane Krudener, Latvia, mystic visionary renounced nobility
  • 1765 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathematician (d. 1825)
  • 1767 Andreas Hofer, South Tirol, rebellion leader (fought Napoleon's France)
  • 1768 John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher
  • 1787 Rasmus Rask, Denmark, language scholar
  • 1795 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Neth industrialist (Twentse textile)
  • 1803 Joseph King Fenno Mansfield, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1805 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist (d. 1893)
  • 1807 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (d. 1873)
  • 1808 Thomas Cook, England, tour director (Thomas Cook & Son)
  • 1809 Benedict Augustin Morel, Fren psychologist (dementia praecox), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1815 Johann J Bachofen, Swiss judicial historian
  • 1819 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • 1826 James Scott Negley, Union volunteers Major General, (d. 1901)
  • 1830 Justin M'Carthy, Ireland, Irish politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope)
  • 1831 Mark Rutherford, writer
  • 1831 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1874)
  • 1832 Edward Hatch, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • 1842 Jose Maria de Heredia, Cuba, French sonnet poet
  • 1849 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)
  • 1853 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Frank Kellogg, US Secretary of State (1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Nobel 1929), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1937)

US Secretary of State Frank Kellogg
US Secretary of State
Frank Kellogg
  • 1857 George [Robert] Gissing, English novelist
  • 1860 Austin Norman Palmer, American penmanship innovator (d. 1927)
  • 1861 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • 1863 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • 1863 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • 1867 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic
  • 1867 Joseph [Maria] Olbrich, Silesia, German architect (Wiener Sezession)
  • 1867 [Karl Eduard] Wilhelm Groener, Germany. Soldier and politician
  • 1868 John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)
  • 1869 Edwin Arlington Robinson, US, poet (Richard Corey)
  • 1869 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)
  • 1872 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist (d. 1961)
  • 1873 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Austria-Hungary, linguist
  • 1874 Herman Harrell Horne, philosopher (idealism), born in Clayton, North Carolina
  • 1876 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian writer (Futurism e Futurista)
  • 1877 Endre Ady, Hungary, lyric poet
  • 1879 Ralph Hawtrey, Buckinghamshire England, economist (multiplier)
  • 1879 Stanislas Bizot, French world checker champion (1925)
  • 1881 Enver Pasa, Istanbul Turkey, Turkish politician
  • 1882 Charles Vildrac, poet/playwright, born in Paris, France
  • 1883 Arthur James Cook, England, union leader (coal miners)
  • 1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (d. 1920)
  • 1888 Joseph Arthur Rank, English film magnate/baron
  • 1889 Mikha`il Na'imah, Lebanon, playwright
  • 1890 Mark Tobey, US abstract painter (Broadway Norm)
  • 1890 Harry Pollitt, Droylsden United Kingdom, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Great Britain
  • 1891 Edward L Bernays, 1st public relations agent, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1896 Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, poet, born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1898 Lionel Charles Robbins, economist, born in Middlesex, England
  • 1898 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Fock, Russian physicist (d. 1974)
  • 1899 Wiley Post, Texas, aviation pioneer
  • 1902 Jacques-Philippe Leclerc, France, WW II hero (liberator of Paris)
  • 1902 Joe Adonis, Italy, American crime-syndicate boss in NY & NJ
  • 1903 Barbara Moore, doctor, walked across US in 86 days in 1960
  • 1903 H Keffer Hartline, US, biophysicist (Nobel 1967)
  • 1904 Louis-Eugene-Felix Neel, Lyon France, physicist (Nobel 1970)
  • 1905 Kenneth Rexroth, US, poet/critic/translator (Birds in the Bush)
  • 1908 Marius F Duintjer, Dutch architect
  • 1908 Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician (Ruban Sans Fin)
  • 1911 Grote Reber, US, astronomer (1st parabolic radio telescope)
  • 1912 Claudia A "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, 1st lady (1963-1969)
  • 1912 Doris Duke, heiress (American Tobacco Co), born in NYC, New York
  • 1913 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller
  • 1917 Andrew Fielding Huxley, physiologist (Nobel 1963), born in London, England (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Gene Rayburn, TV game show host (Match Game), born in Christopher, Illinois
  • 1917 Piet De Somer, Belgian rector (U of Leuven)
  • 1922 Calder Willingham, novelist/scriptwriter
  • 1922 Jim [James] Wright, (D-Texas), politician (Speaker of House 1987-89), born in Forth Worth, Texas
  • 1922 Jack Brooks, American politician. (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lewis Glucksman, American financier (d. 2006)
  • 1928 Piero Angelo, Italian writer (Control)
  • 1930 Peter Hall, Suffolk England, director (Royal Shakespeare Company)
  • 1930 Larry Stevenson [Richard], skateboard innovator (kicktail), born in Santa Monica, California (d. 2012)
  • 1935 John L Finley, USAF/astronaut
  • 1936 James Burke, British science historian and broadcaster (Connections), born in Derry, Northern Ireland
  • 1937 Marco J de Castro, Dutch Antillian politician
  • 1938 Lucien Bouchard, Quebec politician
  • 1943 Paul Wolfowitz, American politician
  • 1945 Joris J C Voorhoeve, Dutch Defense minister (1994-, VVD)
  • 1947 Brian C Daley, US, sci-fi author (Exploits of Han Solo, Tron)
  • 1951 Charles de Lint, Canadian sci-fi author (Moonhear, Mulengro, Yarrow), born in Bussum, Netherlands
  • 1951 Gerald Grosvenor, English 6th Duke of Westminster and wealthy landowner, born in Omagh, Northern Ireland (d. 2016)
  • 1954 Jayaseelan Naidoo, South African worker's union leader
  • 1957 Susan Powter, diet guru/author/talk show host (Susan Powter Show)
  • 1957 Carole James, Canadian politician
  • 1960 Jean-Michel Basquiat, Haiti/US graffiti artist/painter (Gray, SAMO)
  • 1960 Patrick Fitzgerald, American attorney
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Malinchenko, Russian lt-col/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-19)
  • 1961 Andrew Fastow, American businessman
  • 1963 Luna H. Mitani, Japanese American surrealism painter
  • 1969 Marcie Aguilar, female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in Tucson, Arizona
  • 1970 [Rafael Edward] Ted Cruz, US Politician (Senate-R-Texas 2013-), born in Calgary. Alberta
  • 1975 Sergei Aschwanden, born in Bern