Birthdays in History on December 24

  • 3 Galba, Roman Emperor (d. 69)
  • 1167 John "without a land", King of England (1199-1216)
  • 1389 John VI, Duke of Brittany (d. 1442)
  • 1475 Thomas Murner, German writer (d.c. 1537)
  • 1491 Ignatius of Loyola, Spanish founder of the Jesuit order (d. 1556)
  • 1508 Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (d. 1567)
  • 1564 Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver
  • 1588 Constance of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1631)
  • 1609 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (d. 1683)
  • 1635 Mariana of Austria, second wife of king Philip IV of Spain (d. 1696)
  • 1689 French van Mieris "the Young", Dutch painter/historian
  • 1698 William Warburton, English Bishop of Gloucester (d. 1779)
  • 1714 Rainieri De Calzabigi, Italian's literary (1st European Lottery)
  • 1716 Patrice F earl De Neney, South Netherlands chairman of Secret Council
  • 1724 Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (d. 1811)
  • 1745 Benjamin Rush, Byberry Pa, physician/general/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1754 George Crabbe, Aldeburgh England, poet (Everlasting Mercy)
  • 1761 Jean-Louis Pons, French astronomer (d. 1831)
  • 1784 Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1803)
  • 1791 A Eugene Scribe, French dramatist (Bertrand et Raton)
  • 1798 Adam B Mickiewicz, Polish national poet (Pan Tadeusz)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Kit Carson, American frontiersman, Indian fighter and army officer, born in Madison County, Kentucky (d. 1868)

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Frontiersman
Kit Carson
  • 1810 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (d. 1873)
  • 1812 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist (d. 1894)
  • 1818 James Prescott Joule, physicist (discovered conservation of energy)
  • 1822 Charles Hermite, French mathematician (proof that e is transcendental), born in Dieuze, France (d. 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 Matthew Arnold, English poet and critic (Dover Beach), born in Laleham, England (d. 1888)

Poet/Critic Matthew Arnold
Poet/Critic
Matthew Arnold
  • 1837 Sissi, Emperor of Austria
  • 1843 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (d. 1886)
  • 1867 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian historian/diplomat
  • 1867 Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1948)
  • 1868 Emanuel Lasker, German world chess champion (1894-21)
  • 1869 Henriette GA Roland Holst-van der Schalk, Dutch poet (Women in Forest)
  • 1879 Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (d. 1941)
  • 1880 Johnny Gruelle, Arcola Illinois, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann (d. 1939)
  • 1881 Juan Ramon Jiménez, Spanish poet (Distant Gardens, Nobel 1956)
  • 1886 Michael Curtiz, Hungarian-born director (d. 1962)
  • 1894 Georges Guynemer, French WW I pilot
  • 1895 E. Roland Harriman, American financier (d. 1978)
  • 1900 Joey Smallwood, Canadian politician, Premier of Newfoundland (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Herbert D Riley, US vice-admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal, Okinawa)
  • 1904 Joseph Moses Juran, American industrial engineer and philanthropist.
  • 1905 Anna "Ans" van Dike ("the Young"), Jewish nazi collaborator
  • 1906 John Walker, museum director
  • 1907 I[sidore] F[einstein] Stone, US journalist (IF Stone's Weekly)
  • 1909 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68)
  • 1910 Fritz [Reuter] Leiber Jr, American sci-fi author (Bazaar of the Bizarre)
  • 1910 Max Miedinger, typeface designer, famous for creating Helvetica in 1957 (d. 1980)
  • 1910 William "Bill" Pickering, NASA scientist (JPL), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2004)
  • 1911 Eric Briault, educationalist
  • 1911 Malcolm MacEwen, writer

  • 1917 Kim Jong-suk, Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution" (d. 1949)
  • 1920 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (d. 1944)
  • 1923 Wilton S Mkwayi, South African ANC leader
  • 1923 George Patton IV, American general (d. 2004)
  • 1924 Willem Drees, economist/Dutch politician (DS'70)
  • 1926 Paul Buissonneau, French-born Quebec theatre director
  • 1927 Mary Higgins Clark, American suspense novelist (Cry in the Night, Stillwatch), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1932 On Kawara, Japanese conceptual artist
  • 1932 Cynthia Payne, English brothel madam, born in Bognor Regis, West Sussex (d. 2015)
  • 1934 Stjepan Mesić, president of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Secretary General of Non-Aligned Movement and president of Croatia.
  • 1938 Valentim Loureiro, Portuguese politician, and former football chairman of Boavista F.C. and Liga Portuguesa de Futebol Profissional
  • 1940 Anthony Fauci, US health official
  • 1943 Tatton Sykes, English baron/large landowner
  • 1943 Tarja Halonen, President of Finland
  • 1943 Suzy Menkes, British fashion journalist (International Herald Tribune, Vogue), born in Beaconsfield
  • 1944 Oswald Gracias, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Bombay
  • 1946 Brenda Howard, American bisexual activist (d. 2005)
  • 1946 Jeff Sessions, American politician (R), US Attorney General (2017-), born in Selma, Alabama
  • 1947 Kevin Sheedy, coach of Australian Football League club Essendon FC
  • 1949 Randy Neugebauer, American politician
  • 1950 Dana Gioia, American poet
  • 1953 François Loos, French politician
  • 1955 Clarence Gilyard Jr, Moses Lake Wash, actor (Chips, Duck Factory)
  • 1957 Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan
  • 1959 Keith Deller, British darts player
  • 1960 Glenn McQueen, American animator (d. 2002)
  • 1961 Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Republic
  • 1961 Mary Barra, American CEO of General Motors (1st woman to head a global automotive company), born in Waterford, Michigan
  • 1967 Mikhail Shchennikov, Russian race walker
  • 1981 Dima Bilan, Karachay-Russian pop artist