Birthdays in History on December 31

  • 695 Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715)
  • 1378 Callistus III, (Alfonso the Borja), Pope (1455-58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1491 Jacques Cartier, French explorer who claimed what is now Canada for France, born in St. Malo, Brittany (d. 1557)

French Explorer Jacques Cartier
French Explorer
Jacques Cartier
  • 1514 Andreas Vesalius, anatomist (Fabrica), born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1540 Silvio Antoniano, Italian cardinal/theologist (Tre libri)
  • 1572 Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (d. 1617)
  • 1668 Hermannus Boerhaave, Dutch medical/botanist
  • 1720 [Bonnie Prince] Charles Edward Stuart, English pretender to throne (Jacobite rebellion), born in Rome (d. 1788)
  • 1738 Charles Cornwallis, British general and colonial administrator, born in London (d. 1805)
  • 1741 Isabella Maria of Parma, wife of future Holy Roman emperor (d. 1763)
  • 1763 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (d. 1806)
  • 1805 Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult, [Daniel Stern], French author (Knife)
  • 1815 George Gordon Meade, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1825 Francis Trowbridge Sherman, Brig Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • 1830 Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79)
  • 1838 Emile Loubet, premier/president of France (1892, 1899-1906)
  • 1846 Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, vicar/Dutch anarchist (Right for all)
  • 1855 Giovanni Pascoli, Italian classicist/poet
  • 1860 Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (d. 1937)
  • 1863 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno)
  • 1864 Robert G Aitken, US astronomer (Binary Stars)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1869 Henri Matisse, French impressionist painter (Odalisque), born in Le Cateau-Cambresis, France (d. 1954)

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1877 Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)
  • 1878 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan author/poet (El Crimen del Otro)
  • 1878 Elizabeth Arden, Canadian businesswoman (d. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1880 George Marshall, US Secretary of State (1947-49) who authored the Marshall Plan (Nobel 1953), born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall
  • 1881 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro chemistry)
  • 1881 Jacob Israel de Haan, Dutch poet/writer (Pipelines, Jewish Song)
  • 1881 Max Pechstein, German "entartet" painter/graphic artist (The Bridge)
  • 1882 David Cohen, Dutch historian and chairman of the Jewish Council
  • 1882 Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (d. 1935)
  • 1885 Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Max Lamberty, Flemish sociologist/author (Flemish Resurrection)
  • 1899 Gaston Glass, film executive, born in Paris, France
  • 1905 Guy Mollet, Prime Minister of France (1956-57), born in Flers, France (d. 1975)
  • 1905 Tadeusz Breza, Polish writer (The Bronze Gate), born in Sekežintsõ, Ostrog (d. 1970)
  • 1908 Simon Wiesenthal, Polish/Austrian nazi hunter (Wiesenthal Center)
  • 1911 Dal Stivens, Australian novelist (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Maj-Gen John Frost, British para commander (d. 1993)
  • 1919 Artur Fischer, German Inventor with more patents than Edison, born in Tumlingen, Baden-Württemberg (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Lynn Compton, jurist (Sirhan Sirhan prosecutor) and commissioned officer (Easy Company, 101st Airborne), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Dieter Noll, German writer (Die Abenteuer des Werner Holt), born in Riesa, Saxony (d. 2008)
  • 1928 Veijo Meri, Finnish writer, born in Viipuri (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Siné, French cartoonist
  • 1929 Sidney Greenbaum, grammarian
  • 1931 Bob Shaw, Belfast, Northern Ireland, sci-fi author (Light of Other Days, The Ragged Astronauts)
  • 1933 Chryssa Vardea-Mavromichali, Athens Greece, Greek American artist
  • 1934 Akram Awan, Islamic scholar
  • 1935 Rolf Haufs, German writer, born in Düsseldorf (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1935 Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (2015-), born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
King of Saudi Arabia
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • 1937 Nicolas Born, German writer, born in Duisburg (d. 1979)
  • 1937 Avram Hershko, Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry, born in Karcag, Hungary
  • 1938 Henricus G Wijmans, Dutch graphic artist
  • 1940 Oleg Anatolyevich Yakovlev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1944 Taylor Hackford, American director (Devil's Advocate, Ray), born in Santa Barbara, California
  • 1945 Claude D Marks, Buenos Aires Argent, FALN member (FBI most wanted)
  • 1946 Pius Ncube, Zimbabwean human rights advocate

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 Diane von Furstenberg, Belgian-born American fashion designer (wrap dress), born in Brussels

Fashion Designer Diane von Furstenberg
Fashion Designer
Diane von Furstenberg
  • 1948 Viktor Mikhailovich Afanasieyv, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11, TM-18)
  • 1948 René Robert, National Hockey League player
  • 1949 Ellen Datlow, American editor
  • 1949 Susan Shwartz, American writer
  • 1954 Alex Salmond, Scottish politician
  • 1954 Hermann Tilke, German racing circuit architect
  • 1955 Dawood Ibrahim, Indian crime boss
  • 1956 Martin Joseph Fettman, American PhD/astronaut (STS 58), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1956 Steve Rude, American comics artist
  • 1959 Phill Kline, American politician
  • 1962 Heather McCartney, British artist and daughter of Paul McCartney
  • 1964 Liz Masakayan, Quezon City Philippines, WPVA volley (Best of Beach-3rd-1994)
  • 1965 Julie Doucet, Canadian underground cartoonist
  • 1965 Nicholas Sparks, American author (The Notebook), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1969 Dominik Diamond, Scottish presenter and newspaper columnist
  • 1977 Donald Trump Jr., son of Donald Trump and Ivana Trump