Birthdays in History on December 4

  • 1555 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)
  • 1580 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)
  • 1584 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony
  • 1595 Jean Chapelain, French writer (d. 1674)
  • 1646 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (d. 1730)
  • 1670 John Aislabie, English politician (d. 1742)
  • 1711 Barbara of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1758)
  • 1713 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)
  • 1777 Juliette Récamier, French socialite (d. 1849)
  • 1786 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament [or 12/14]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1798 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician/poet (Ritornellen)
  • 1803 Augustus Zerega diZerega, Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane)
  • 1808 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius)
  • 1812 Elias Smith Dennis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1818 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army)
  • 1822 Frances Crabbe, England, feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • 1835 Samuel Butler, England, author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), born in Fort Robinson, Nebraska (d. 1877)

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • 1844 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • 1852 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)
  • 1858 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), born in Farmington, Maine (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Edith Louisa Cavell, England, nurse (WWI)
  • 1866 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Richard N Roland Holst, Dutch artist/painter
  • 1875 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • 1876 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems)
  • 1881 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)
  • 1883 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Aleksandar I Karadordjevic, king of Yugoslavia (1921-34)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1895 Nils FA Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag)
  • 1895 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Nikolai S Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak) [NS]
  • 1897 Mari Andriessen, Dutch sculptor (Dock Worker)
  • 1899 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, [Harm Harmstra], Frisian farmer/writer
  • 1903 Alfred Leslie Rowse, historian
  • 1903 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro)
  • 1905 Emilio Médici, president Brazil (1969-74)
  • 1907 Jo Boer, Dutch author (Catharina & the Magnolias)
  • 1908 A D Hershey, American biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969)
  • 1910 Ramaswamy Venkataraman, president of India (1987-92)
  • 1912 John W Pritchard, [Ian Wallace], American sci-fi author (Megalomania)
  • 1912 Pappy Boyington, American pilot (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • 1916 Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Jeanne Manford, American gay rights activist, born in Flushing, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Nadir Afonso, Portuguese geometric abstractionist painter, born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Charles Keating, district attorney (Los Angeles California)
  • 1924 John Portman, SC, architect (Ivan Allen Award-1964)
  • 1928 Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20)
  • 1931 Wally George, American TV commentator (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Joanne Battiste, artist (heroines)
  • 1932 Roh Tae Woo, Taegu South Korea, President South Korea (1988-93)
  • 1935 Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive
  • 1938 Andre Marrou, Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992)
  • 1938 Lynn Blessing, vibes Player
  • 1940 Gary Gilmore, American murderer (d. 1977)
  • 1945 Michael Gerzon, mathematician
  • 1945 Roberta Lynn Bondar, Ontario, astronaut (STS 42)
  • 1947 Ursula Krechel, writer
  • 1948 Lin Onus, Autralian Aboriginal artist, born in Melbourne (d. 1996)
  • 1952 Ronald Michael Sega, PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1957 Eric S. Raymond, American open source advocate
  • 1959 Susan W Krebs, American politician
  • 1962 Kevin Richardson, English footballest
  • 1966 Suzanne Malveaux, American television news reporter
  • 1983 Jimmy Bartel, Australian rules footballer