Birthdays in History on February 16

  • 1032 Emperor Yingzong of China (d. 1067)
  • 1075 Ordericus Vitalis, French monk/historian/poet
  • 1222 Nichiren, Japan, Buddhist priest/saint
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, Germ, Protestant reformer (Augsburgse Confessie)
  • 1519 Gaspard de Coligny, Huguenot leader/French admiral
  • 1543 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (d. 1590)
  • 1620 Frederick William, Great Elector, founder of Brandenburg-Prussia
  • 1643 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (d. 1714)
  • 1698 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
  • 1727 Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (d. 1817)
  • 1740 Giambattista Bodoni, Saluzzo Italy, printer/typeface designer (Bodoni)
  • 1746 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • 1761 Charles Pichegru, French general (d. 1804)
  • 1786 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1859)
  • 1787 Andreas Schelfhout, Dutch painter/etcher/lithographer
  • 1788 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • 1802 Phineas Parkhurst Quimby, American philosopher (d. 1866)
  • 1804 Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (d. 1885)
  • 1807 Lysander Cutler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • 1812 Henry Wilson, (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 1813 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Heinrich Barth, Hamburg Germany, geographer/explorer (Central Africa)
  • 1822 Francis Galton, anthropologist & geneticist, born in Birmingham, England
  • 1822 James Patton Anderson, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1823 John Daniel Imboden, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1824 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • 1826 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Gaudeamus)
  • 1831 Nikolai Leskow, writer
  • 1832 Camille Armand Jules Marie de Polignac, Mjr General (Confederate Army)
  • 1834 Ernst Heinrich Haeckel, Potsdam Germ, biologist (Causes of Evolution)
  • 1838 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
  • 1838 Henry Adams, historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1848 Hugo de Vries, Dutch botanist (How species emerge)
  • 1850 Octave Mirbeau, France, writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)
  • 1852 Charles Taze Russell, religion founder (Jehovah's Witnesses)
  • 1852 William Scarborough, Macon Ga, linguist/author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 1856 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (d. 1944)
  • 1858 Laurence "Lon" Myers, US, track star (top US miler)
  • 1866 Vyacheslav I Ivanov, Russian philosopher/classical/poet [NS=Feb 28]
  • 1868 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • 1876 George Macauley, English historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi), born in Trevelyan, England
  • 1881 Maurits H E Uyldert, Dutch poet/writer (Youth of a Poet)
  • 1883 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • 1884 Robert Flaherty, Father of documentary film (Nanook of North), born in Iron Mountain, Michegan (d. 1957)
  • 1886 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • 1891 Hans F. K. Günther, German eugenicist (d. 1967)
  • 1893 Ivor Armstrong Richards, England, literary critic [OS]
  • 1903 George-Henri Lévesque, Quebec priest and sociologist (d. 2000)
  • 1904 George F Kennan, US ambassador (to Moscow), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1905 Lord Franks, British ambassador (to US)
  • 1906 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1907 Henri van Albada, Belgian sculptor (Charles V)
  • 1909 Richard McDonald, American fast food pioneer (d. 1998)
  • 1910 Michael Milne-Watson, CEO (BUPA)
  • 1911 Hal Porter, Australia, writer (Tilted Cross, Paper Chase)
  • 1912 Arthur Crook, British editor (Times Literary Supplement)
  • 1912 Bob Tadema Sporry, Dutch (female) author
  • 1912 Maitland Mackie, Lord Lt (Aberdeenshire)
  • 1914 J Tobin, British anaesthetist
  • 1920 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • 1920 Anna Mae Hays, American army general
  • 1921 Araucaria, British crossword compiler
  • 1921 Esther Bubley, Phillips, Wisconsin, American photographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Hua Guofeng, Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1976-81) and Premier of the People's Republic of China (1976-80), born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi (d. 2008)

Paramount Leader of China Hua Guofeng
Paramount Leader of China
Hua Guofeng
  • 1922 Paul van 't Veer, Dutch journalist/writer (Het Vrije Volk)
  • 1924 James Swaffield, director-general (Swaffield & Clerk to the GLC)
  • 1924 Peter Webster, British High Court Judge
  • 1925 David Emms, director (London Goodenough Trust for Overseas Graduates)
  • 1925 PER Bailey, director (Gatwick & Stansted Airports)
  • 1925 Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar master (d. 2004)
  • 1926 John Schlesinger, director (Midnight Cowboy, Darling), born in London, England
  • 1926 Jack Levy, mechanical engineer
  • 1929 Peter NF Porter, Australian/British author/poet (Chair of Babel)
  • 1930 Frederick "Fred" Cuming, British painter, born in London
  • 1931 Alfred Kolleritsch, Austrian writer, born in Eichfeld
  • 1931 George E Sangmeister, (Rep-D-Illinois)
  • 1932 Aharon Appelfeld, Israeli writer, born in Jadova Commune, Kingdom of Romania
  • 1932 Nand Baert, Belgian radio/TV-host
  • 1932 Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone
  • 1935 Robin Clark, chemist (FRS)
  • 1935 Kenneth Price, ceramic artist and print maker (Hot Bottoms, Tamed), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Jill Kinmont, American skier

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1936 Carl Icahn, American businessman (Icahn Enterprises), born in NYC, New York

Corporate Raider Carl Icahn
Corporate Raider
Carl Icahn
  • 1937 Paul Bailey, English novelist and biographer, born in London
  • 1937 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, cosmonaut
  • 1939 David Griffiths, portrait painter
  • 1940 Karoli Ruth Needles, painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Kim Jong-il, Supreme Leader of North Korea (1994-2011) [disputed birthdate, 1941]

Supreme Leader of North Korea Kim Jong-il
Supreme Leader of North Korea
Kim Jong-il
  • 1943 J D Moore, headmaster (St Dunstan's College)
  • 1943 James Beaton, British GC
  • 1944 António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde
  • 1946 J R Farndon, British consultant surgeon
  • 1947 Franz West, artist (Flause), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • 1948 Eckhart Tolle, Author and spiritual teacher
  • 1949 Dorus Vrede, Surinam poet (Otobanda; the Other Bank)
  • 1950 Peter Hain, British MP
  • 1953 Roberta Williams, computer game designer
  • 1954 Iain [Menzies] Banks, UK, sci-fi author (Wasp Factory), (d. 2013)
  • 1955 Guy Gallo, writer (Under the Volcano), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1958 Michael W. Burns, American politician
  • 1968 Warren Ellis, British comic book writer
  • 1970 D.J. Wallis, American fitness competitor
  • 1977 Ian Clarke, Irish computer programmer
  • 1998 Mr Jefferson, Virginia, 1st cloned calf