Birthdays in History on February 23

  • 1417 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
  • 1583 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • 1614 Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter
  • 1615 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised
  • 1646 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • 1648 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
  • 1700 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • 1723 Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
  • 1729 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
  • 1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt (d. 1812)
  • 1776 John Walter II, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47), born in London, England
  • 1787 Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
  • 1792 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • 1817 George Watts, painter, born in London, England
  • 1818 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • 1824 Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
  • 1824 Lewis Cass Hunt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1831 Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1834 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • 1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1842 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1850 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • 1863 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1869 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1873 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • 1875 Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 1876 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • 1878 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1879 Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
  • 1881 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • 1883 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • 1884 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • 1886 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • 1889 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • 1898 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
  • 1899 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • 1901 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • 1901 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
  • 1904 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
  • 1904 William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
  • 1907 Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
  • 1908 William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
  • 1911 G. Mennen Williams, Michigan Supreme Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1911 Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
  • 1913 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1914 Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
  • 1915 Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
  • 1915 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
  • 1916 William Walsh, academic
  • 1918 Dom Aelred Watkin, headmaster (Downside School)
  • 1918 Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
  • 1920 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1920 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • 1923 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
  • 1923 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1925 Louis Stokes, politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99 ), born in Cleveland Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1928 David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort, British peer
  • 1928 Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev, Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)
  • 1930 Jef Geeraerts, Flemish writer (Black Venus)
  • 1931 Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist and sculptor (Great American Nudes) (d. 2004)
  • 1933 Donna J. Stone, American poet (Wielder of Words), born in Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1937 David Ward, president (Law Society)
  • 1937 Lord Tugendhat, British politician (Conservative party)
  • 1939 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher
  • 1940 Jermyn P Brooks, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1941 Frank Gerstenberg, Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College)
  • 1942 Beau Boulter, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • 1942 Colin Sanders, founder (Solid State Logic)
  • 1942 John Lewis, Head Master (Eton College)
  • 1944 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • 1944 John Sandford, American novelist
  • 1945 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • 1947 Anton Mosimann, Swiss chef (Dorchester Hotel), born in Solothurn, Swiss Jura
  • 1947 Colin Sanders, British computer engineer (Solid State Logic)
  • 1947 John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1947 Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
  • 1948 Bill Alexander, theatre director
  • 1948 Doug Moench, American comic book writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Marc Garneau, Canadian astronaut (STS 13, 77), born in Quebec City, Québec

Astronaut Marc Garneau
Astronaut
Marc Garneau
  • 1949 Maureen Hicks, British MP
  • 1950 Neil Jordan, Sligo Ireland, novelist (Dream of a Beast, Past)
  • 1951 Nicholas Kenyon, controller (BBC Radio 3)
  • 1953 Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist
  • 1954 Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
  • 1958 David Sylvian, vocal/guitar (Sylvian Sylvian, Japan-Adolescent Sex)
  • 1960 Gloria von Thurm un Taxis, Munich German FR, Princess
  • 1960 Maria Gloria von Schoenberg-Glauchau, wife of prince Thurn un Taxis
  • 1960 Naruhito, crown prince of Japan
  • 1960 Alan Griffin, Australian politician
  • 1963 Debbie Kruck, Danbury CT, Ms Fitness USA (1994)
  • 1963 Reza Abdoh, theatre director
  • 1963 Radosław Sikorski, Polish politician
  • 1965 Sylvie Guillem, France, ballerina (Royal Ballet)
  • 1965 Michael Dell, American computer manufacturer
  • 1967 Pam Blundell, fashion designer
  • 1973 Jack Case, American artist
  • 1977 Kristina Šmigun, Estonian cross-country skier