Birthdays in History on January 1

  • 766 Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 1431 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
  • 1449 Lorenzo de 'Medici (The Magnificent), Florentine statesman (d. 1492)
  • 1467 Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland
  • 1484 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
  • 1504 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer
  • 1511 Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1516 Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1520 Franciscus Balduinus, [Francois Baudouin], lawyer
  • 1557 István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1600 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1614 John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1618 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spain, Baroque artist [baptized]
  • 1622 Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist
  • 1638 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • 1638 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1648 Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1655 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1704 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1709 Johann H H Butz, German/Dutch organ builder
  • 1711 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
  • 1729 Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [NS=Jan 12]
  • 1734 John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1735 Paul Revere, American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1818)

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere
  • 1745 "Mad" Anthony Wayne, general
  • 1750 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1752 Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1836)

Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag Betsy Ross
Seamstress Credited with Creating the First American Flag
Betsy Ross
  • 1764 John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • 1767 Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1774 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1779 William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1809 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 1814 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1815 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • 1819 Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • 1819 George Foster Shepley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)
  • 1823 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
  • 1827 William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1833 Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
  • 1834 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1838 William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1846 Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
  • 1848 John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1863 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1864 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1867 Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)
  • 1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
  • 1874 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1874 Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)
  • 1875 Charles Rist, French economist
  • 1876 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • 1876 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • 1878 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1879 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1970)

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • 1879 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • 1879 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • 1879 William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
  • 1880 Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
  • 1881 Carry van Bridges, [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • 1881 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1882 W C Wendelaar, mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1883 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • 1887 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
  • 1888 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1890 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Manuel Roxas, 5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines (d. 1948)

5th President of the Philippines Manuel Roxas
5th President of the Philippines
Manuel Roxas
  • 1894 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)
  • 1894 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian mathematician (d. 1974)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1895 J. Edgar Hoover, first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1900 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
  • 1900 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1901 Christine WI Wittewaall van Stoetwegen, Dutch MP (CDD)
  • 1904 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Charles Melvin Price, East St. Louis, Illinois, a longtime member of the US House of Representatives
  • 1905 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Barry Goldwater, (Sen-R-Az, 1953-65, 69- )/Presidential candidate (R) 1964)
  • 1909 Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader (d. 1959)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Kim Philby, British spy and Soviet mole who was a member of the "Cambridge Five", born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 1988)

  • 1912 Victor Reuther, Wheeling WV, labor leader
  • 1912 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
  • 1914 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and SOE agent (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Francois Bondy, writer
  • 1915 Lewis Bingham Keeble, town planner
  • 1917 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 J[erome] D[avid] Salinger, novelist (Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York

Novelist J. D. Salinger
Novelist
J. D. Salinger
  • 1920 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Ernest F Hollings, (Sen-D-SC, 1966- )
  • 1923 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • 1923 Milton Jackson, US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)
  • 1923 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1927 Yuri Grigorovich, Leningrad, choreographer
  • 1927 Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Vernon L. Smith, American economist and Nobel laureate, born in Wichita, Kansas

Economist Vernon L. Smith
Economist
Vernon L. Smith
  • 1928 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (Edhi Foundation), born in Bantva, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Holling Gustav Vapor, character on Northern Exposure
  • 1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
  • 1931 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
  • 1932 Arnfried G D P, Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
  • 1933 James A Abrahamson, USAF/astronaut
  • 1933 Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1935 B. Kliban, American cartoonist known for his drawings of cats, usually with horrible puns (Love to Eat Them Mousies), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • 1936 James Sinegal, American businessman
  • 1937 Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Bill Emerson, (Rep-R-MO, 1981- )
  • 1938 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942 Martin Frost, (Rep-D-TX, 1971- )
  • 1942 Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1943 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943 Tony Knowles, 9th Governor of Alaska
  • 1944 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • 1945 Peter Duncan, Australian politician
  • 1946 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1947 Peter Lankhorst, Dutch MP (PPR)
  • 1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Rus cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
  • 1947 Jon Corzine, American politician
  • 1948 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1949 Peter Dormer, arts writer
  • 1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut
  • 1951 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
  • 1951 Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1953 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician, Libertarian Party nominee for Presiden 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1954 Bob Menendez, American politician
  • 1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russia, lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)
  • 1956 Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (d. 2000)
  • 1957 Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • 1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1959 Azali Assoumani, Comorian president
  • 1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut
  • 1967 John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1969 Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1973 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1975 Eiichiro Oda, Japanese Manga artist
  • 1978 Paramahamsa Sri Nithyananda, Indian spiritualist
  • 1979 Koichi Domoto, Japanese artist