Birthdays in History on January 13

  • 1334 King Henry II of Castile (d. 1379)
  • 1381 St Colette, abbess/reformer (Poor Clares)
  • 1406 Matteo Palmieri, Italian writer (Della vita civile)
  • 1505 Joachim II Hector, ruler (Brandenburg)
  • 1562 Mark Alexander Boyd, Scottish poet (d. 1601)
  • 1596 Jan J Goyen, Dutch landscape painter
  • 1610 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (d. 1665)
  • 1616 Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic/French religious fanatic
  • 1635 Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (d. 1705)
  • 1651 Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
  • 1720 Richard Hurd, English bishop and writer (d. 1808)
  • 1749 Friedrich Müller, painter and dramatist (d. 1825)
  • 1787 John Davis, 14th and 17th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1854)
  • 1802 Eduard von Bauernfeld, comedic playwright, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1804 Paul Gavarni, French caricaturist (d. 1866)
  • 1804 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator
  • 1805 Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • 1807 Napoleon Bonaparte Buford, Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1883)
  • 1808 Salmon P Chase, (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • 1812 Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • 1812 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • 1815 William Henry French, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • 1832 Horatio Alger, American clergyman and author (Disagreeable Woman, Ragged Dick), born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 1899)
  • 1835 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
  • 1845 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • 1858 Oskar Minkowski, Biologist (d. 1931)
  • 1859 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 1859 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • 1861 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • 1864 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 1865 Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • 1869 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
  • 1870 Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d. 1959)
  • 1874 Jozef E van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechlin
  • 1878 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • 1881 Essington Lewis, Australian industrialist (d. 1961)
  • 1885 Alfred Fuller, CEO (Fuller Brush Man)
  • 1887 George Gurdjieff, Armenian-Greek mystic (d. 1949)
  • 1890 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (d. 1945)
  • 1893 Clarke Ashton Smith, US, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds, Genius Loci)
  • 1893 Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (d. 1963)
  • 1895 Anton Betzner, German writer, born in Cologne (d. 1976)
  • 1898 Pedro DE Teixeira de Mattos, Dutch diplomat
  • 1898 Kai Munk, Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, martyr (d. 1944)
  • 1901 A. B. Guthrie, American novelist, historian (d. 1991)
  • 1901 Mieczysław Żywczyński, Polish historian and priest (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Zhou Youguang [Zhou Yaoping], Chinese language scholar (father of pinyin), born in Changzhou (d. 2017)
  • 1907 Sabine Zlatin, Polish-born French nurse who tried save Izieu children from Nazis), born in Warsaw (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist
  • 1911 Johannes Bjelke-Petersen, premier (Queensland)
  • 1915 Edward Frederick Weston Goodman, property developer
  • 1916 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • 1921 Dachine Rainer, British writer (d. 2000)
  • 1924 Philip Rawson, artist/teacher
  • 1924 Paul Feyerabend, Austrian-born philosopher (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Carolyn Heilbrun, [Amanda Cross], author (Lady Ottoline's Album)
  • 1926 Pamela M Cunnington, English architect/author (Change of Use)
  • 1926 Michael Bond, British writer
  • 1927 Brock Adams, American politician (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Sydney Brenner, British Nobel Laureate
  • 1930 Roman Ciesiewicz, artist/graphic designer
  • 1933 Nurdin Jivraj, Tanzanian/British hotel magnate (Buckingham Intl)
  • 1933 Ron[ald Joseph] Goulart, US, sci-fi author (Deadwalk, Plunder)
  • 1935 Mauro Forghieri, Italian automotive & mechanical engineer (Scuderia Ferrari)
  • 1936 Edward R Madigan, (Rep-R-IL, 1973- )
  • 1938 Jean Cabut [Cabu], French caricaturist (Charlie Hebdo), born in Châlons-en-Champagne, France (d. 2015)
  • 1940 Edmund White, American author
  • 1941 Pasqual Maragall, Spanish politician
  • 1945 [Eileen] Joy[ce] Chant [Rutter], UK, sci-fi author (High Kings)
  • 1947 Jacek Majchrowski, Mayor of Kraków
  • 1948 Gaj Singh, Maharaja of Jodhpur
  • 1949 Rakesh Sharma, India, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-11)
  • 1955 Jay McInerney, American novelist (Bright Lights, Big City), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1955 Titus M Mafolo, South African journalist/ANC-leader
  • 1957 Lorrie Moore, American writer
  • 1963 Kevin McClatchy, American businessman
  • 1966 Tabitha Stevens, fictional character (Bewitched)
  • 1969 Stephen Hendry, Edinburgh, Scottish professional snooker player
  • 1972 Atoosa Rubenstein, Iranian-born American magazine editor