Birthdays in History on January 15

  • 1432 Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)
  • 1674 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (d. 1762)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish animal rights activist (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, ballet producer/choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant/man of letters
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (d. 1829)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)
  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, France, politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis, French courtesan (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Spas-Ugol Russia, satirist (Family of Noblemen)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italy, painter
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, Grafton West Virginia, early female photographer
  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)
  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1875 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1877 Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1891 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1892 Rex Ingram, [Reginald IM Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse) (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney/minister of colonization
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greece, rich shipping magnate

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Edward Teller, Budapest Hungary, fathered H-bomb (Manhattan Project), (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaretier
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Lord Dacre of Glanton, British historian
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, journalist
  • 1918 Andreas M Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law)
  • 1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971)
  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1920 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- )
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1968)

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1931 Derek Meddings, special effects technician
  • 1931 Thomas Hoving, American news correspondent (20/20), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Louis Woodard Jones, New Rochelle NY, 4X400m relayer (Oly-gold-56)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, American author
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet)
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer (d. 1993), born in Hope, Arkansas
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, Portland ME, comediene (SCTV, Club Paradise)
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV)
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay, Jr., Filipino writer
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norway, explorer (South Pole)
  • 1968 Iñaki Urdangarín, Spanish royalty
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television and radio presenter
  • 1982 Prince Philip and Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia