Birthdays in History on January 20

  • 225 Gordian III, Roman Emperor (d. 244)
  • 1292 Elisabeth I of Bohemia (d. 1330)
  • 1358 Eleanor of Aragon, wife of John I of Castile (d. 1382)
  • 1435 Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (d. 1490)
  • 1554 King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • 1622 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch poet/wife of Geeraert Burns
  • 1651 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • 1654 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
  • 1664 Giovanni Vincenzo Gravina, Italian writer and jurist (d. 1718)
  • 1716 Carlos III, king of Naples/Spain (1759-88) Pompei/Jesuits
  • 1716 King Charles III of Spain (d. 1788)
  • 1716 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy, French writer and numismatist (d. 1795)
  • 1732 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1763 Theobald Wolfe Tone, Irish patriot
  • 1775 André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (d. 1836)
  • 1781 Joseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg, Austrian politician (d. 1848)
  • 1782 Johan B J F S, archduke of Austria
  • 1798 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
  • 1806 Nathaniel Willis, writer/editor/founder (American Monthly Mag)
  • 1812 Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1813 Jacon Gartner Lauman, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • 1820 Anne Jemima Clough, England, promoted higher education for women
  • 1831 Pieter J Joubert, general (South Africa)
  • 1834 George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1837 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • 1843 Pierre-Paul Cambon, French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 1847 W R Pettiford, Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
  • 1865 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
  • 1866 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 1873 Charles A Ellwood, US, sociologist/psychologist
  • 1873 Johannes V Jensen, Denmark, novelist/poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
  • 1880 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • 1883 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • 1884 A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • 1889 Allan Haines Loughead, American aviation executive (d. 1969)
  • 1893 Kaj Birket-Smith, Danish etnologist/anthropologist (Eskimos)
  • 1894 Harold L Gray, creator (Little Orphan Annie)
  • 1898 U Razak, Burmese politician (d. 1947)
  • 1899 Kenjiro Takayanagi, VP (JVC)
  • 1900 Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
  • 1903 Sybil Marion Rosenfeld, theatre historian
  • 1904 Alexandra Danilova, Peterhof Russia, ballerina (Turning Point)
  • 1904 Renato Caccioppoli, Italian mathematician/grandson of Bakunin
  • 1904 Theodore Brameld, author/educator (Use of Explosive Ideas)
  • 1907 Roy Welensky, Premier (Rhodesia/Nyasaland 1956-63)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Joy Adamson [Friederike Viktoria Gessner], Austrian naturalist and author (Born Free), born in Troppau, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)

Naturalist and Author Joy Adamson
Naturalist and Author
Joy Adamson
  • 1910 Lauritz Lauritzen, German politician
  • 1915 C W Ceram, [Kurt W Marek], German/US writer (March of Archaeology)
  • 1915 Joe Hitchcock, darts player (leader of St Dunstan's Four)
  • 1915 Ghulam Ishaq Khan, President of Pakistan (d. 2006)
  • 1916 Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier of Suriname (1963-69)
  • 1916 Walter Bartley, biochemist
  • 1920 Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
  • 1920 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
  • 1920 Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )
  • 1921 Bernt Engelmann, Germany, writer
  • 1922 Lord James Hanson, English industrialist/House of Lords (Conservative)
  • 1925 Ernesto Cardenal, Nicaraguan Catholic priest, politician and writer, born in Granada, Nicaragua
  • 1925 Edwin Gordon, VOA correspondant, born in NYC, New York
  • 1925 Eugen Gomringer, writer
  • 1926 Robert L Van Citters, cardiology/advisory panelist/UW dean
  • 1926 Jamiluddin Aali, Pakistani poet, essayist and columnist
  • 1926 Qurratulain Hyder, Pakistani novelist (d. 2007)
  • 1927 Geoffrey WT Atkins, British World Champion racket player (1954-72)
  • 1927 Olivier Strebelle, Belgian sculptor/ceramist
  • 1928 Peter Donat, Kentville Nova Scotia, (Flamingo Road, Different Story)
  • 1929 Bob Denard, French mercenary

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Edwin Aldrin Jr, USAF/astro (Gem 12, Ap 11), born in Montclair, New Jersey

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Astronaut
Buzz Aldrin
  • 1931 Sawako Ariyoshi, Japanese writer (Compound Pollution, Doctor's Wife)
  • 1931 Thomas Roy Garrett, museum curator
  • 1935 Joan [Joanie] Weston, American Roller Derby Queen, born in Huntington Beach, California (d. 1997)
  • 1936 Eldred G Maduro, minister (Netherland Antilles)
  • 1939 Nalin Chandra Wickramasinghe, Indian astronomer
  • 1939 Paul Coverdell, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1943 Roeland HG "Roel" van Duyn, Dutch Provo politician
  • 1944 Eddie Shah, English publisher (Today, Post)
  • 1944 Lieven Soete, Dutch publicist (Molotov-Ribbentrop-pact)
  • 1945 Peter Beckwith, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1948 Jerry Ross, Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (STS 61B, 27, 37, 55, 74, sk:88)
  • 1948 Natan Sharansky, Russian-born physicist and politician
  • 1948 Nancy Kress, American writer
  • 1949 Kieron Walsh, academic
  • 1950 Edward Hirsch. American poet
  • 1950 Mahamane Ousmane, President of Niger
  • 1951 Magomed Omarovich Tolboyev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1955 Joe Doherty, Ireland, IRA activist (jailed in US)
  • 1956 John McNally, Naha Okinawa, US rapid fire pistol (Oly-84, 88, 92, 96)
  • 1956 Maria Larsson, Swedish politician
  • 1959 Joel Rifkin, American serial killer believed to have killed up to 17 victims between 1989 and 1993 in NYC and Long Island, born in New York
  • 1964 Kazushige Nojima, Japanese game scenario writer
  • 1969 Tia Marie Zorne, Miss Nevada-America (1991), born in Las Vegas, Nevada
  • 1969 Patrick K. Kroupa, American computer hacker
  • 1971 Karin Smith, Miss Minnesota USA (1996)
  • 1973 Princess Mathilde, Duchess of Brabant
  • 1979 Asaka Kubo, Japanese gravure idol of 20th Century
  • 1980 Philippe Cousteau Jr., Freanch oceanographer; grandson of Jacques Cousteau
  • 1980 Brigitte Olivier, Belgian judoka