Birthdays in History on January 5

  • 1209 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1272)
  • 1548 Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian (d. 1617)
  • 1587 Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer (d. 1641)
  • 1592 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, born in Lahore, Mughal Empire (d. 1666)
  • 1614 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1696 Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/painter (d. 1757)
  • 1717 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman (d. 1793)
  • 1729 Paul C la Fargue, cartoonist/painter
  • 1759 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist/army leader
  • 1762 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1842)
  • 1769 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics)
  • 1773 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter/drawer
  • 1779 Stephen Decatur, US, naval hero (War of 1812)
  • 1779 Zebulon Pike, brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), born in Lamington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1787 John Burke, Irish genealogist (Burke's Peerage)
  • 1806 Andre H C van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium)
  • 1811 Cyrus Hamlin, educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey)
  • 1813 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1903)
  • 1822 Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1828 August Valentine Kautz, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)
  • 1834 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition (d. 1861)
  • 1835 Hendrik E van Rijgersma, Dutch gouvernement doctor on Saint Maarten
  • 1837 A Ch Swinburne, writer [or Apr 5]
  • 1838 Camille Jordan, French mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1840 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Germany, Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 1848 Khristo Botev, hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 1848 Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West, (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher
  • 1855 King Camp Gillette, inventor (safety razor)
  • 1858 Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror)
  • 1859 DeWitt B Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • 1865 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1876 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1879 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician (d. 1946)
  • 1882 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War" (d. 1958)
  • 1885 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-British poet (d. 1940)
  • 1893 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician (d. unknown)
  • 1893 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (d. 1952)
  • 1895 Jeannette Piccard, balloonist/Episcopal priest
  • 1896 Hendrik Algra, Dutch MP (ARP)
  • 1900 Dennis Gabor, Hung/British physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]
  • 1900 Paula Ludwig, Austrian German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
  • 1901 H L Honore comte d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter
  • 1901 Mario Scelba, premier Italy (1954-55)
  • 1902 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm)
  • 1903 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer "A Gift of Prophecy" (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho
  • 1907 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu)
  • 1907 Willi Soukop, sculptor and member of Royal Academy of Arts
  • 1909 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile
  • 1909 Stephen Cole Kleene, mathematician (Regular Expressions)
  • 1912 Frank Pace Jr, US Secretary of Army (1950-53)
  • 1914 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (d. 1955)
  • 1915 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son)
  • 1915 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist (d. 1992)
  • 1921 Jean BMRLAAM d'Aviano, grand duke of Luxembourg (1964- )
  • 1921 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Konolfingen, Bern, Swiss playwright and novelist (The Physicists, The Visit)
  • 1922 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Robert L Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • 1926 Hosea Williams, American activist (d. 2000)
  • 1926 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet
  • 1928 Walter Fritz Mondale, (Sen-D-Minn)/42nd VP (1977-81)
  • 1928 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan
  • 1930 Edward Galven Givens Jr, Quanah Texas, Major USAF/astronaut
  • 1931 Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician
  • 1932 Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher and author (Name of the Rose), born in Alessandria, Piedmont (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Nancy L Johnson, (Rep-R-CT, 1983- )
  • 1938 Juan Carlos I, king of Spain (1975- )
  • 1938 Leo Avery, abbot of Quarr
  • 1938 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer
  • 1939 Peter Struycken, statues/computer expert/teacher
  • 1940 Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician
  • 1940 General Sir Michael Rose, UK military officer, prominent in Bosnia
  • 1942 Terenci Moix, Spanish writer (d. 2003)
  • 1947 Michael DeWine, (Rep-R-Oh, 1983- )
  • 1950 Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian-born professor (d. 1991)
  • 1950 John Manley, Canadian politician
  • 1950 Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur
  • 1953 Mike Rann, Australian politician
  • 1953 George Tenet, American CIA director
  • 1956 Chen Kenichi, Japanese-born chef
  • 1957 Vincent Calloway, Kentucky, trumpet player (Midnight Star-No Parking)
  • 1975 Ray Morgan, announcer (I'd Like to See)
  • 1978 Sabrina Harman, American military figure and accused torturer
  • 1980 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end
  • 1982 Janica Kostelić, Croatian skier
  • 1984 Amanda Hearst, American heiress