Birthdays in History on July 16

  • 1194 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (d. 1253)
  • 1571 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, baptized
  • 1611 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1644)
  • 1704 John Kay, England, machinist, invented flying shuttle
  • 1714 Marc René, marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer (d. 1800)
  • 1715 Charles, Prince de Rohan-Soubise, marshal of France
  • 1722 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)
  • 1723 Joshua Reynolds, England, portrait painter (Simplicity)
  • 1746 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian monk/discoverer (1st asteroid-Ceres)
  • 1796 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1823 James Isham Gilbert, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1829 Robert Brown Potter, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Peter Leyten, bishop of Breda (1885-1914)
  • 1839 Philipus J Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist
  • 1860 Jens Otto Harry Jespersen, linguist/philologist
  • 1862 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett [Iola], US civil rights activist (d. 1931)
  • 1865 George A Birmingham, [Rev James Owen Hannay], novelist
  • 1870 Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1877 Béla Schick, Hungarian/US children artist (Serum Krankheit)
  • 1884 Anna Vyrubova, Russian memoirist (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Frits Zernike, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953)
  • 1896 Mauritius R J Dekker [Boris Robazki], Dutch writer (Merkteken)
  • 1896 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), born in Oslo (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German eugenicist and Nazi physician (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY)
  • 1902 Alexander Luria, Russian psychologist (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Leo Joseph Suenens, Cardinal (Belgium)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1995)

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Businessman
Orville Redenbacher
  • 1908 Aruna Asaf Ali, politician
  • 1908 Maurice Adams, surgeon/British rear admiral
  • 1909 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, moral theologian
  • 1913 Hugh Ford, FRS mechanic engineer
  • 1915 Barnard Hughes, Bedford Hills NY, (Tron, Where's Poppa, Best Friends)
  • 1915 Baroness Llewelyn-Davies of Hastoe, deputy speaker (House of Lords)
  • 1915 Edward Miller, Master (Fitzwilliam College Cambridge)
  • 1916 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • 1918 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Charles Graham, lord-lt of Cumbria UK
  • 1919 Choi Kyuha, President of South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Bernard Rogers, supreme Allied commander Europe
  • 1921 Trevor Williams, scientific consultant
  • 1923 Reginald Prentice, British government minister
  • 1923 Chris Argyris, American educator
  • 1926 Brian Howard, deputy chairman (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1926 Philip Randle, biochemist
  • 1926 Irwin Rose, American biologist, Nobel laureate (Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1927 John Freeland, Legal advisor UK foreign office
  • 1927 Shirley Hughes, author/illustrator
  • 1928 James Kilfedder, MP (Ulster Popular Unionist)
  • 1928 Ray Thornton, (Rep-D-Arkansas)
  • 1928 Robert Sheckley, US, sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap)
  • 1928 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Michael Morland, High court judge
  • 1930 Michael Bilirakis, (Rep-R-Florida, 1983- )
  • 1931 Caroline Blackwood, writer
  • 1932 [Dick] Richard L Thornburgh, Penn, US Attorney General (1988-93)
  • 1934 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Richard Bryan, (Sen-D Nevada)
  • 1938 Tony Jackson, English bass player (The Searchers) (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • 1939 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (d. 1995)
  • 1941 George Young, MP/British minister of housing & planning
  • 1941 Hans Wiegel, Dutch commissioner of the queen (Frisia)
  • 1941 Jan G H Krajenbrink, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA)
  • 1942 Frank Field, MP (Labour)
  • 1943 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • 1943 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Diana Warwick, leader (Association of University Teachers)
  • 1945 Jos Stelling, director (Pointsman)
  • 1946 Barbara Lee, American politician
  • 1947 Roelof P Meyer, South African under minister of Law & Order etc
  • 1947 Alexis Herman, 23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor
  • 1947 Assata Shakur, American activist
  • 1949 Cyndy Garvey, wife of Steve Garvey, talk show host (AM LA), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1950 Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1950 Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Dennis Priestley, English darts player
  • 1951 Esther M Friesner[-Stutzman], US, sci-fi author (Witchwood Cradle)
  • 1951 Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist
  • 1952 Robert David Steele, American spy
  • 1953 Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy
  • 1954 Jeanette Mott Oxford, American politician
  • 1956 Tony Kushner, American playwright
  • 1957 Alan Donnelly, MP (Labour)
  • 1957 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer
  • 1958 Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist
  • 1958 Mike D. Rogers, American politician
  • 1959 Doug Herzog, American television executive
  • 1967 Christopher Rocancourt, French con artist
  • 1968 Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia
  • 1973 Tim Ryan, American politician
  • 1977 Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 2006)