Birthdays in History on July 18

  • 1340 Philip van Artevelde, wine salesman/lord lt of Flanders
  • 1501 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark (d. 1526)
  • 1504 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism)
  • 1552 Rudolf II, of Habsburg, emperor of Germany (1576-1612)
  • 1634 Joannes Camphuys, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1684-91)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1635 Robert Hooke, Scientist (Micrographia), born in Isle of Wight, England

Scientist Robert Hooke
Scientist
Robert Hooke
  • 1718 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian writer (d. 1808)
  • 1720 Gilbert White, English "father of British naturalists"
  • 1796 Feargus O'Connor, County Cork, leader of English Chartists
  • 1797 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (d. 1879)
  • 1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, England, Victorian novelist (Vanity Fair)
  • 1818 Louis De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Leonard Fulton Ross, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Pierre L Goossens, archbishop of Mechelen/Cardinal
  • 1837 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1873)
  • 1845 Tristan Corbière, French poet (d. 1875)
  • 1850 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (d. 1939)
  • 1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Holland, physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 1862 Victor, Prince Napoleon (Napoleon V), French pretender to throne
  • 1862 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general (d. 1933)
  • 1864 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Laurence Housman, England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina)
  • 1871 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • 1882 Manuel Galvez, Argentina writer/poet/historian (Paraguay)
  • 1884 Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (d. 1979)
  • 1887 Vidkun Al Quisling, Norwegian minister of Defense/premier (1942-45)
  • 1888 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter
  • 1888 Sydney Horler, English detective writer
  • 1890 Charles Wilson, President of General Motors (1940-53)/Sec of Def (1953-57)
  • 1890 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1983)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1895 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

American Gangster George
American Gangster
George "Machine Gun" Kelly
  • 1898 Herbert Marcuse, communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1899 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman)
  • 1900 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], Ivanovo, Russia, writer and lawyer (Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits)
  • 1906 Clifford Odets, US, dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy)
  • 1906 S I Hayakawa, (Sen-R-CA), educator (Language in Action)
  • 1908 Mildred Lisette Norman, American peace activist, earned the moniker Peace Pilgrim (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, USSR, diplomat/USSR President (1985-89) [7/5 OS]
  • 1909 Mohammed Daoud Khan, President of Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Alexander Hyatt-King, scholar (Mozart)
  • 1912 Harry Levin, literary Scholar
  • 1912 Henry L "Hank" Miller, US pilot/lt adm (WW II-Pacific)
  • 1913 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede)
  • 1914 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • 1914 Jozef MLT Cals, Dutch premier (KVP, Mammoth Law)
  • 1915 Anthony Cox, English architect
  • 1915 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter
  • 1916 Isaac [Ietje] A Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer/minister of Education
  • 1916 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 John Glenn, American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio (d. 2016)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1922 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Howard Roberts, choral director (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Burlington, New Jersey
  • 1924 John Cruickshank, French scholar
  • 1925 Shirley Strickland de la Hunty, Australia, 100m dash (Oly-bronze-1948)
  • 1926 Robert Sloman, writer (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Ludwig Harig, German writer, born in Sulzbach
  • 1928 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer
  • 1931 "Papa" Dee Allen, percussionist (War-World is a Ghetto), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1933 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer/undersecretary of Education (D66)
  • 1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), born in Zima, Siberia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader
  • 1937 Roald Hoffman, Polish-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1937 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas) (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Alexander EHAML, prince of the Belgians/son of Leopold III
  • 1942 Adolf Ogi, Swiss politician
  • 1945 Danny McCullock, rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • 1946 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1947 Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician
  • 1948 Phil Harris, rocker (Ace)
  • 1948 Hartmut Michel, German chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1950 Jack Layton, Canadian politician
  • 1951 Elio Di Rupo, Belgian politician
  • 1953 Peter Greenall, English brewer (Greenall Witley)
  • 1955 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • 1955 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor
  • 1958 Margo [AM] Vliegenthart, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1963 Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1964 Wendy Williams, radio host
  • 1969 Elizabeth Gilbert, American author (Eat Pray, Love), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1974 Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1977 Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1979 Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1994 Ricardo Dela Corte, Italy, test tube baby born to oldest (62) mother