Birthdays in History on July 31

  • 1143 Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1396 Philips, the Good, Duke of Burgundy//Brabant/Limburg/count
  • 1443 Albrecht III of Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon
  • 1527 Maximilian II, German King/Emperor (1564-76)
  • 1578 Catharina Belgica of Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1597 Sebastian Stosskopf, Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • 1598 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect (d. 1654)
  • 1654 Jacob Hop, Dutch politician/diplomat
  • 1702 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter (d. 1768)
  • 1704 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer)
  • 1718 John Canton, English physicist (d. 1772)
  • 1724 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (d. 1801)
  • 1737 Princess Augusta Charlotte of Wales (d. 1813)
  • 1743 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • 1748 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist
  • 1803 John Ericsson, US, inventor (screw propeller)/shipbuilder-USS Monitor
  • 1816 George Henry Thomas, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1870)
  • 1817 Philip Cook Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • 1825 Thomas Hart Taylor, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1825 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1834 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)
  • 1835 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1837 William Clarke Quantrill, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1841 George Melville, polar explorer, naval engineer
  • 1843 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet (d. 1918)
  • 1844 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist/archaeologist
  • 1854 Jose Canalejas contributes Mendez, premier of Spain (1910-12)
  • 1858 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (d. 1966)
  • 1880 Munshi Premchand, Indian Author (d. 1936)
  • 1882 Grete Gulbransson, writer
  • 1884 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • 1886 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure (d. 1931)
  • 1886 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow)
  • 1887 Hans Freyer, German sociologist (d. 1969)
  • 1892 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • 1901 Jean Debuffet, French painter/sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages)
  • 1904 Brett Halliday, American writer (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Trenchard Cox, museum director

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Milton Friedman, economist (Nobel 1976), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • 1914 Jose Ignacio Domecq, wine maker
  • 1914 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • 1915 Robert Steel, academic
  • 1916 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist
  • 1918 Paul D. Boyer, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1919 Primo Levi, Italy, chemist/writer (Survival in Aushchwitz)
  • 1920 James Esdras Faust, American religious leader (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Whitney M Young Jr, civil rights leader, head of Urban League
  • 1921 Peter Benenson, British founder of Amnesty International (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Lucy Killea, (assemblywoman-California)
  • 1923 Ahmet Ertegun, CEO (Atlantic Records)
  • 1926 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Walter Vogt, Swiss writer (Wüthrich) and psychiatrist, born in Zurich (d. 1988)
  • 1928 Bill Frenzel, (Rep-R-MN, 1971- )
  • 1929 Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist
  • 1929 Lynne Reid Banks, British author
  • 1930 Oleg Popov, Russian clown
  • 1932 Robert W Davis, (Rep-R-MI, 1979- )
  • 1932 John Searle, American philosopher
  • 1933 Cees Nooteboom, Dutch writer
  • 1940 Stanley Jaffe, producer (Fatal Attraction)
  • 1941 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician
  • 1943 Stephanie Forrester (Bold & the Beautiful)
  • 1943 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar
  • 1944 Robert C. Merton, American mathematician
  • 1945 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
  • 1946 Karen Zerby, American religious leader
  • 1952 Pritawi Sudarmo, Indonesia, astronaut
  • 1952 João Barreiros, Portuguese writer
  • 1953 Hugh McDowell, chelloist (ELO-Telephone Line)
  • 1953 Ted Baillieu, Australian Politician
  • 1956 Deval Patrick, 71st Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1962 John Chiang, American politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 J. K. Rowling, English writer (Harry Potter novels), born in Yate, Gloucestershire

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 1966 Marina V A Mowatt, [Ogilvy], daughter of English princess Alexandra
  • 1967 Mitsuo Iwata, Japanese seiyū
  • 1969 Kenneth D. Schisler, American politician
  • 1970 Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer
  • 1975 Simon Hirst, British radio DJ
  • 1990 Olga Galchenko, Russian juggler