Birthdays in History on July 31

  • 1143 Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
  • 1396 Philips, the Good, Duke of Burgundy//Brabant/Limburg/count
  • 1443 Albrecht III of Saxon-Meisen, duke of Saxon
  • 1527 Maximilian II, German King/Emperor (1564-76)
  • 1578 Catharina Belgica of Nassau, daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1597 Sebastian Stosskopf, Elzassisch painter, baptized
  • 1598 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect (d. 1654)
  • 1654 Jacob Hop, Dutch politician/diplomat
  • 1702 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary and painter, born in Dole, France (d. 1768)
  • 1704 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1752)
  • 1718 John Canton, English physicist, born in Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1772)
  • 1724 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer, born in Amines, France (d. 1801)
  • 1737 Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain, born in London, England (d. 1813)
  • 1743 August R van Hekeren van Suideras, Dutch orangist
  • 1748 Isaac Ouwater, Amsterdam painter/cartoonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1803 John Ericsson, Swedish-American inventor (screw propeller, rotating turret), born in Långban, Sweden

Mechanical Inventor John Ericsson
Mechanical Inventor
John Ericsson
  • 1816 George Henry Thomas, American Major General (Union Army), born in Newsoms, Virginia (d. 1870)
  • 1817 Philip Cook Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1894)
  • 1818 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • 1825 Thomas Hart Taylor, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1825 William S. Clark, American senator and scholar (d. 1886)
  • 1834 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)
  • 1835 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • 1835 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • 1837 William Clarke Quantrill, Col (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1843 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, born in Krieglach, Austria (d. 1918)
  • 1844 Ignazio Guidi, Italian orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1935)
  • 1854 Jose Canalejas, premier of Spain (1910-12), born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 1912)
  • 1858 Richard Dixon Oldham, British geologist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1936)
  • 1860 Mary Vaux Walcott, American artist and naturalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Sebastian S. Kresge, American merchant and philanthropist (Kmart), born in Bald Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • 1880 Munshi Premchand [Dhanpat Rai], Indian author, born in Lamhi, Benares State, British India (d. 1936)
  • 1882 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), born in Thüringen, Austria (d. 1934)
  • 1884 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • 1886 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 1931)
  • 1886 Constant Permeke, Flemish painter and statues artist (Sow), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1952)
  • 1887 Hans Freyer, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1892 Joseph Charbonneau, French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop of Montreal (1940-50), born in Lefaivre, Canada (d. 1959)
  • 1900 Elmo Roper, pollster (Roper Poll)
  • 1901 Jean Debuffet, French painter and sculptor (Landscape with 2 Personages), born in Le Havre, France (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Brett Halliday, American writer (Dividend on Death), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1977)
  • 1905 Trenchard Cox, British museum director, born in London (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1912 Milton Friedman, American economist (Nobel Prize Economics 1976), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • 1914 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, born in Jerez, Spain (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • 1916 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer, born in Ambari Azamgarh Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1986)
  • 1918 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Provo, Utah
  • 1919 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • 1920 James Esdras Faust, American religious leader, born in Delta, Utah (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Whitney M Young Jr, civil rights leader, head of Urban League
  • 1921 Peter Benenson, British founder of Amnesty International, born in London (d. 2005)

  • 1922 Lucy Killea, (assemblywoman-California)
  • 1923 Ahmet Ertegun, Turkish-American businessman and co-founder of Atlantic Records, born in Istanbul, Turkey (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Walter Vogt, Swiss writer (Wüthrich) and psychiatrist, born in Zurich (d. 1988)
  • 1928 Bill Frenzel, (Rep-R-MN, 1971- )
  • 1929 Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and writer, born in Florence, Italy (d. 2006)
  • 1929 Lynne Reid Banks, British author (The Indian in the Cupboard), born in London
  • 1930 Oleg Popov, Russian clown and circus artist, born in Vyrubovo, Moscow (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Robert W Davis, (Rep-R-MI, 1979- )
  • 1932 John Searle, American philosopher, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1933 Cees Nooteboom, Dutch writer and journalist (Rituelen), born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1940 Stanley Jaffe, American producer (Fatal Attraction), born in New Rochelle, New York
  • 1941 Amarsinh Chaudhary, Indian politician, born in Surat, India (d. 2004)
  • 1943 Stephanie Forrester, frictional character (The Bold & the Beautiful)
  • 1943 William Bennett, US Secretary of Education (1985-88)/drug tsar
  • 1944 Robert C. Merton, American economist and Nobel laureate in Economics, born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 William Floyd Weld, (Gov-R-Mass)
  • 1946 Karen Zerby, American religious leader, born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1947 Dennis Greenslade, rocker
  • 1948 Leaveil Degree, rocker (Whispers)
  • 1952 Pritawi Sudarmo, Indonesia, astronaut
  • 1952 João Barreiros, Portuguese writer (Um Dia com Júlia na Necrosfera), born in Portugal
  • 1953 Hugh McDowell, chelloist (ELO-Telephone Line)
  • 1953 Ted Baillieu, Australian Politician, Premier of Victoria (2010-13), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1956 Deval Patrick, 71st Governor of Massachusetts (2007-15), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1962 John Chiang, American politician (Democratic Party), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 J. K. Rowling, English writer (Harry Potter novels), born in Yate, Gloucestershire

Novelist J. K. Rowling
Novelist
J. K. Rowling
  • 1966 Marina V A Mowatt, [Ogilvy], daughter of English princess Alexandra
  • 1969 Kenneth D. Schisler, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1970 Ahmad Akbarpour, Iranian writer (The Train of That Night), born in Chah Varz, Lamerd, Iran
  • 1975 Simon Hirst, British radio DJ
  • 1990 Olga Galchenko, Russian juggler, born in Penza, Russia