Birthdays in History on May 31

  • 1443 Lady Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII of England (d. 1509)
  • 1469 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of exploration
  • 1472 Erardus van der Mark, prince-bishop of Luik/cardinal
  • 1557 Feodor I (Fyodor/Theodore Ivanovich), Tsar of Russia (1584-98)
  • 1640 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (d. 1673)
  • 1664 Giulio Alberoni, Spanish/Italian minister/cardinal
  • 1744 Richard Edgeworth, writer, Bath
  • 1753 Pierre V Vergniaud, French politician/police leader
  • 1773 Ludwig Tieck, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1853)
  • 1801 Johann Georg Baiter, Swiss philologist (d. 1887)
  • 1810 Horatio Seymour, Gov (Union), (d. 1886)
  • 1817 Georg Herwegh, German poet, born in Stuttgart (d. 1875)
  • 1818 John Albion Andrew, Gov (Union), (d. 1867)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1819 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass), born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • 1835 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader (d. 1869)
  • 1837 Ernest Daudet, French writer (White Terror)
  • 1837 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1837 William Henry Fitzhugh "Rooney" Lee, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1838 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 1852 Francisco Moreno, Argentine explorer (d. 1919)
  • 1857 Pius XI, [Ambrogio DA Ratti], Italian 259th Pope (1922-39)
  • 1860 Walter Richard Sickert Munich, Danish/English painter (The Miner)
  • 1861 Emily Perkins Bissell, welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • 1863 Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
  • 1872 Charles G Abbot, American astronomer (Constant Sun)
  • 1872 William Heath Robinson, England, illustrator/cartoonist (Don Quixote)
  • 1882 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
  • 1883 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • 1885 Alois Hudal, bishop, helped Nazis escape trial (d. 1963)
  • 1887 Saint-John Perse, French poet/diplomat (Nobel 1960) [or Mar 31]
  • 1892 Gregor Strasser, German pharmacist/NSDAP-Reich organization leader
  • 1892 Konstatin G Paustovski, Russian author (Bespokojnaja Joenostj) [NS]
  • 1892 Michel Kikoine, Belarus painter (d. 1968)
  • 1892 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (d. 1968)
  • 1898 Norman Vincent Peale, Ohio, clergyman (Power of Positive Thinking)
  • 1899 Ilse Lagner, German antiwar writer, born in Breslau (d. 1987)
  • 1899 Leonid Leonov, Russian writer, born in Moscow (d. 1994)
  • 1900 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • 1907 Valston Hancock, British air marshal
  • 1909 Jan Lewando, British director (Marks & Spencer)
  • 1910 Francis Avery Jones, British gastro-enterologist
  • 1911 Edward Adamson, art therapist/collector
  • 1912 Henry M "Scoop" Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash)
  • 1912 Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)
  • 1912 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conducted the Wu experiment), born in Liuhe, China (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Peter Gibson, British Rear-Admiral
  • 1916 Bert Haanstra, Holten Netherlands, director (Fanfare)
  • 1921 Andrew Grima, British jeweller
  • 1921 Robert Arthur Ley, UK, sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X)
  • 1922 Elisabeth, arch duchess of Austria/princess of Liechtenstein
  • 1923 Rainier III, Monaco, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005)

  • 1924 Patricia Roberts Harris, (Rep-D),1st African American woman cabinet member, born in Mattoon, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • 1926 Derek Birley, founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of Ulster
  • 1926 Martin Peake, 2nd Viscount Ingleby, British peer and business man (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Isabel Stoate, British diplomat
  • 1927 James Eberle, British admiral, director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs)
  • 1927 Michael Sandberg, British CEO (Hong Kong & Shanghai Banking Corp)
  • 1929 Neil Shaw, British CEO (Tate & Lyle)
  • 1930 William Taylor, British Chairman of Convocation (London University)
  • 1931 John Schrieffer, US physicist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1931 Steve Horn, (Rep-R-California)
  • 1932 Elizabeth Southey, British CEO (National Fed of Women's Institutes)
  • 1932 George Vallings, British Vice Admiral
  • 1932 Ronald Hampel, British CEO (ICI)
  • 1932 Jay Miner, American microchip designer (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Jim Bolger, 35th Prime Minister of New Zealand
  • 1937 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1938 John Prescott, British Labour MP
  • 1938 Peter Yarrow, American (Peter, Paul & Mary-Puff the Magic Dragon), born in NYC, New York
  • 1939 Terry Waite, English Anglican Church envoy/Lebanese hostage, born in Bollington, Cheshire
  • 1940 Elfi Mikesch, cinematographer (Erotique, Out of America, Malina)
  • 1940 Gilbert Shelton, American underground comics illustrator
  • 1941 June Clark, British Professor of Nursing (Middlesex U)
  • 1941 Louis J. Ignarro, American pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate
  • 1942 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)
  • 1943 Richard Timothy George Mansfield Parker, 9th Earl of Macclesfield
  • 1945 Linda Davies, British Judge
  • 1945 Bernard Goldberg‎, American journalist
  • 1946 Ted Baehr, American media critic
  • 1947 William H Campbell Jr, rocker
  • 1948 Duncan L Hunter, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- 2009), born in Riverside, California
  • 1948 Svetlana Alexievich, journalist and author (Noble Prize for Literature 2015), born in Stanislav, Ukraine
  • 1950 Edward Barker, cartoonist
  • 1955 Ben de Lisi, British fashion designer
  • 1957 Stephen Jones, British milliner
  • 1958 Mkhuseli Jack, South African UDF-leader (consumer boycots)
  • 1963 Viktor Orbán, Hungarian politician
  • 1964 Leonard Asper, Canadian businessman
  • 1974 Adrian Tomine, American cartoonist
  • 1977 Joel Ross, British disc jockey
  • 1990 Liberty Irene Kasem, daughter of Casey & Jean Kasem