Birthdays in History on October 14

  • 1257 King Przemysl II of Poland (d. 1296)
  • 1404 Marie of Anjou, queen of France (d. 1463)
  • 1493 Shimazu Tadayoshi, Japanese warlord (d. 1568)
  • 1499 Claude of France, wife of Louis XII of France (d. 1524)
  • 1542 Abul-Fath Djalal-ud-Din, 3rd Mogol emperor of India (1556-1605)
  • 1606 Johan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78)
  • 1630 Sophia of Hanover, Princess Palatine and Electress of Saxony (d. 1714)
  • 1633 James Stuart, King James VII of Scotland / James II of England (d. 1688)
  • 1639 Simon van der Stel, Dutch governor of Cape colony (1679-99)
  • 1643 Bahadur Shah I, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1712)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1644 William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, born in London, England (d. 1718)

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1687 Robert Simson, Scotland, mathematician
  • 1712 George Grenville, British PM (1763-65)
  • 1726 Charles Middleton, 1st Baron Barham, English sailor and politician (d. 1813)
  • 1733 François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt, Austrian field marshal (d. 1798)
  • 1734 Francis Lightfoot Lee, US farmer/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1740 Joannes Siberg, Dutch governor-general of Neth Indies (1801-05)
  • 1774 Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck, Dutch politician
  • 1784 Ferdinand VII MF, king of Spain
  • 1789 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder
  • 1790 Thursday October Christian (d. 1831)
  • 1801 Joseph AF Plateau, Belgium, physicist (blinded-stared at Sun 25 secs)
  • 1806 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (d. 1865)
  • 1827 James Sidney Robinson, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1892)
  • 1827 Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon Harcourt, British Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Excheque
  • 1837 Ellison Capers, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1908)
  • 1857 Elwood Haynes, auto pioneer, built one of 1st US autos
  • 1861 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (d. 1944)
  • 1864 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental)
  • 1867 Masaoka Shiki, Japan, haiku & tanka poet/diarist (Salt Water Ballads)
  • 1869 Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • 1873 Jules Rimet, president of FIFA (d. 1954)
  • 1874 Margarete Susman, writer
  • 1880 Otto V Ekelund, Swedish poet/writer (Sak och sken)
  • 1882 Éamon de Valera, NY, Irish politician and patriot, President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), (d. 1975)
  • 1883 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 Katherine Mansfield (Katherine Mansfield Beauchamp Murry), New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 1923)

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • 1889 Jean Canneel, Flemish sculptor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1890 Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th US President (R, 1953-61) and WWII general, born in Denison, Texas

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1891 Paul de Keyser, Flemish story teller/philologist/folklorist
  • 1892 Sumner Welles, US undersecretary/diplomat (Good neighbor policy)
  • 1894 Sutan Ibrahim gelor Datuk Tan Malaka, founder (Indonesian Communist)
  • 1894 E.E.Cummings (Edward Estlin), poet (Tulips & Chimneys), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 1901 Willem A Wagenaar, journalist/writer (Shanghai)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Hannah Arendt, German political theorist and historian (Origins of Totalitarianism), born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1975)

Political Theorist Hannah Arendt
Political Theorist
Hannah Arendt
  • 1906 Imam Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood (d. 1949)
  • 1910 Jef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader
  • 1911 Lê Ðức Thọ, Vietnamese revolutionary general, politician and negotiator in Paris (1975)
  • 1912 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (Sociology of Sex)
  • 1914 Dick Durrance, American skier (d. 2004)
  • 1916 C Everett Koop, surgeon general (1981-89)
  • 1918 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1919 Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
  • 1925 Louis Cohen, physicist
  • 1925 Phillip Tobias, Durban, Natal, South Africa, palaeoanthropologist and 3 x Nobel Prize nominee(hominid fossil sites), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Lawrence Herkimer, "Grandfather of Cheerleading" (founded National Cheerleading Association, patented the pom-pom), born in Muskegon, Michigan (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Frank E. Resnik, American business executive (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Mobutu Sese Seko, Dictator and President of Zaire (1965-97), born in Lisala, Democratic Republic of the Congo (d. 1997)

President of Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko
President of Zaire
Mobutu Sese Seko
  • 1932 Anatoly Larkin, Russian-American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1938 John Dean III, former White House counsel (Watergate figure)
  • 1938 Empress Farah Diba of Iran

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Ralph Lauren, fashion designer (Chaps, Polo Ralph Lauren), born in The Bronx, New York

Fashion Designer Ralph Lauren
Fashion Designer
Ralph Lauren
  • 1941 Jim Courter, (Rep-R-NJ, 1979- )
  • 1946 Craig Venter, American biologist
  • 1947 Lukas Resetarits, Austrian cabaret artist
  • 1948 David Ruprecht, American game show host
  • 1948 Engin Arık, Turkish nuclear physicist (d. 2007)
  • 1949 Katha Pollitt, American writer
  • 1953 Marcel R Zeeuw, Suriname lt-colonel (coup 1982)
  • 1953 Olga Nikolayevna Klyushnikova, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1954 Carole Malone, English newspaper columnist
  • 1957 Gregory T Linteris, Demarest NJ, PhD/astronaut (STS 83, 94)
  • 1957 Michel Després, Quebec politician
  • 1961 Isaac Mizrahi American fashion designer
  • 1962 Jaan Ehlvest, Estonian chess player
  • 1964 Olu Oguibe, American artist
  • 1965 Jüri Jaanson, Estonian rower
  • 1973 Lasha Zhvania, Georgian politician
  • 1976 Ben Pridmore, World Memory Champion
  • 1978 Paul Hunter, English snooker player (d. 2006)