Birthdays in History on October 18

  • 1127 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1192)
  • 1239 Stefanus V, prince of Transylvania/king of Hungary (1270-72)
  • 1405 Pius II, [Aenea S Piccolomini], Italian pope (1458-64) (Cynthia)
  • 1517 Manoel da Nóbrega, Portuguese Jesuit in Brazil (d. 1570)
  • 1547 Justus Lipsius, [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist/historian
  • 1569 Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (d. 1625)
  • 1595 Edward Winslow, Plymouth Colony founder (d. 1655)
  • 1634 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
  • 1638 Lars Johnstown, [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • 1653 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (d. 1713)
  • 1662 Matthew Henry, English non-conformist minister (d. 1714)
  • 1663 Prince Eugene of Savoy, famous military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France
  • 1668 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • 1668 Wierich PL earl von Daun, Austrian prince of Thiano/fieldmarshall
  • 1679 Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials (d. 1716)
  • 1697 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • 1701 Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
  • 1712 Jeremias van Riemsdijk, gov-general of Dutch Indies (1775-77)
  • 1741 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
  • 1774 Adolf Muller, German dramatist and critic, born near Weissenfels (d. 1829)
  • 1777 Heinrich von Kleist, German dramatist/poet (Penthesilea)
  • 1785 Thomas Love Peacock, English author (Headlong Hall)
  • 1804 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thailand (1851-68)
  • 1806 John Breckinridge Grayson, Brig Genl (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • 1811 Hugh Thompson Reid, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Union City, Indiana (d. 1874)
  • 1818 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • 1829 Charles Sidney Winder, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1829 Lucius Marshall Walker, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1831 Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern, German Kaiser/king of Prussia
  • 1837 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German sculptor, born in Colonge (d. 1919)
  • 1854 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)
  • 1859 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • 1859 Paolo Orsi, Rovereto, Italian Archaeologist (Sicilian excavations)
  • 1865 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • 1865 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • 1868 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • 1870 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • 1872 Josephine CMA, princess of Belgium/nun
  • 1873 Ivanoe Bonomi, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1951)
  • 1875 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • 1877 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • 1878 James Truslow Adams, historian (Pul-1921, Founding of New England)
  • 1889 Fannie Hurst, novelist (Anatomy of Me)
  • 1890 [Agathe] Henriette [M de Beaufort], Dutch author (Rembrandt)
  • 1893 Roy Del Ruth, DE, director (About Face, Babe Ruth Story, Star Show)
  • 1893 Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1949-57), born in Greendale, New Zealand (d. 1961)
  • 1893 Georges Ohsawa, Japanese founder of Macrobiotics (d. 1966)
  • 1894 H. L. Davis, American author (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Raymond Brulez, Flemish author (Appearance at Kallista)
  • 1897 Isabel Briggs Myers, American psychological theorist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Pascual Jordan, German physicist (d. 1980)

  • 1903 Ambrose Thibodeaux, cajun accordionist
  • 1904 A. J. Liebling, American journalist (d. 1963)
  • 1905 Felix Houphouet-Boigny, President of Ivory coast (1960-93)
  • 1906 James Brooks, US mural painter (Acquisition of Long Island)
  • 1907 Alexander Hardie Williamson, artist
  • 1909 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher and legal theorist (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Robert Gilruth, American aviation and space pioneer (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1918 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • 1918 Konstantinos Mitsottakis, premier of Greece (1990- )
  • 1918 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)
  • 1918 Constantine Mitsotakis [Konstantinos Mitsotakis], Prime Minister of Greece (1990 –1993), born in Halepa, Crete (d. 2017)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • 1919 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Jesse Helms, (Sen-D/R-North Carolina, 1973- )
  • 1922 Little Orphan Annie, comic strip character
  • 1922 Richard Stankiewicz, US sculptor (1974 Akston Award, 1966 Brandeis)
  • 1923 Suzanne Perlman, Hungarian/Dutch Antilian painter
  • 1924 Frank Liedel, [Leo van Assche], Flemish writer (Kaperbrief)
  • 1925 Ramiz Alia, political leader of Albania
  • 1926 Thomas Millar, historian
  • 1929 Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, president of Nicaragua (1990- )
  • 1930 Frank Carlucci, National Security Adviser/Sec of Defense (1987-89)
  • 1931 Catharina I "Ien" Dales, Dutch Internal minister (1989-94)
  • 1932 Vytautas Landsbergis, Lithuanian politician
  • 1934 Chuck Swindoll, American evangelist
  • 1935 John B Coleman, hotel magnate (Ritz Carlton), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of JFK, born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1963)

Former Soldier and Assassin Lee Harvey Oswald
Former Soldier and Assassin
Lee Harvey Oswald
  • 1939 Flavio Cotti, member of the Swiss Federal Council
  • 1942 Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • 1943 Birthe Rønn Hornbech, Danish politician
  • 1944 Katherine Kurtz, UK, sci-fi author (Deryni Rising, Saint Camber)
  • 1945 Christopher Shays, (Rep-R-Connecticut)
  • 1947 Luc Journet, Belgian physician (Order of Zonnetempel)
  • 1947 Job Cohen, Dutch politician, Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1948 Isabel E Allen, biostatician
  • 1948 Ntozake Shange, American author
  • 1950 Patrick L Swindall, (Rep-R-GA, 1985- )
  • 1950 Wendy Wasserstein, American playwright (d. 2006)
  • 1951 Terry McMillan, American author
  • 1952 Bảo Ninh, Vietnamese novelist
  • 1955 Rita Verdonk, Dutch politician
  • 1956 Craig Bartlett, American animator
  • 1956 Jim Talent, Des Peres, Missouri, American politician (Rep-R-Missouri)
  • 1957 Doug Isaacson, Alaskan politician
  • 1959 Kirby Chambliss, Aerobatic pilot and Red Bull Air Racer
  • 1959 Steve Swayne, Dartmouth Professor
  • 1970 Camille Spitaleri, Mountain View Ca, female infielder (Silver Bullets)
  • 1970 José Padilla, American former gang member and alleged supporter of terrorism
  • 1971 Karen J McNenny, Missoula Montana, Miss Montana-America (1991)
  • 1972 James Stream Thurmond Jr, son of US senator Strom Thurmond
  • 1984 Lindsey Vonn, American alpine skier