Birthdays in History on October 31

  • 1345 Ferdinand I, the wise one, king of Portugal (built navy)
  • 1424 Wladyslaw III Warnenczyk, king of Poland/Hungary
  • 1538 Caesar Baronius, Italian cardinal and historian (d. 1607)
  • 1541 Hendrik van Kinschot, Dutch lawyer
  • 1599 Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer (d. 1680)
  • 1620 John Evelyn, English writer and diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin)
  • 1622 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist (d. 1694)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1632 Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter (Procuress, Astronomer), born in Delft, Netherlands (d. 1675)

Painter Jan Vermeer
Painter
Jan Vermeer
  • 1636 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (d. 1679)
  • 1638 Meindert Hobbema, Amsterdams landscape painter, baptised
  • 1692 Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist (d. 1765)
  • 1705 Pope Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli], Pope (1769-74)
  • 1711 Laura Bassi, Italian scholar (d. 1778)
  • 1724 Christopher Anstey, English writer (d. 1805)
  • 1737 James Lovell, American educator (d. 1789)
  • 1740 William Paca, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence)
  • 1750 Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna, Portuguese poet
  • 1755 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist
  • 1761 Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck, Dutch patriot/earl/Grand Pensionary
  • 1785 George F Kersting, German painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795 John Keats, English Romantic poet (Ode to a Grecian Urn), born in London (d. 1821)

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1815 Karl Weierstrass, Germany, mathematician (theory of functions)
  • 1825 Raleigh Edward Colston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1825 Charles Lavigerie, French cardinal (d. 1892)
  • 1826 Hugh Boyle Ewing, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1905)
  • 1827 Richard Morris Hunt, American educator (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Daniel Butterfield, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1901)
  • 1831 Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist (d. 1910)
  • 1835 Adelbert Ames, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1933)
  • 1835 J F W Adolf Ritter von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905)
  • 1835 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer (d. 1923)
  • 1838 King Louis of Portugal (d. 1889)
  • 1847 Galileo Ferraris, Italian physicist (2-fasenmotor)
  • 1848 Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1851 Lovisa of Sweden, queen of Denmark (d. 1926)
  • 1852 Mary E W Freeman, US writer (Revolt of Mother)
  • 1854 Georg A Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1860 Juliette Gordon Low, American activist and founder of the Girl Scouts of America, born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1927)

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • 1875 Seerp Anema, poet/writer (Dutch Coasts)
  • 1875 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman (d. 1950)
  • 1876 Eduard van Oort, zoologist (Ornithology of Netherlands)
  • 1883 Marie Laurencin, French painter (d. 1956)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), born in Xikou, Zhejiang, China (d. 1975)

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1888 George Hubert Wilkins, Aust, polar explorer (Flying the Arctic)
  • 1888 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet (d. 1944)
  • 1892 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, US, Zen teacher (1st Zen Institute of America)
  • 1895 Basil H Liddell Heart, English military historian/publicist
  • 1898 Alfred Sauvy, French statistician (Affluence & Population)
  • 1902 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet (Claro Enigma)
  • 1902 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1906 Jo Vis, resistance fighter (Yad Vashem-distinction)
  • 1907 Helen Lessore, English artist, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Dale Evans, [Frances Butts], Uvalde Tx, cowgirl (Roy Rogers Show)
  • 1912 Ollie Johnston, American animator (d. 2008)
  • 1914 Joe Carcione, American consumer advocate (d. 1988)
  • 1914 John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden
  • 1917 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2016)
  • 1918 Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models
  • 1920 Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan freedom fighter, born in Nyeri District, Central Province, (d. 1957)
  • 1920 Helmut Newton, German photographer (d. 2004)
  • 1923 Hicks B Waldron, Amsterdam NY, CEO (Avon)
  • 1925 John Pople, English chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Jimmy Savile, English entertainer and suspected sexual predator, born in Leeds (d. 2011)
  • 1929 Eddie Charlton, Australian snooker player (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Michael Collins, Mjr Gen USAF/astronaut (Gemini 10, Apollo 11), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1936 Sergei Nikolayevich Gaidukov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1941 Dan Alderson, American scientist
  • 1942 Ben M J Hennekam, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1949 Dumisa B Ntsebeza, South African attorney/anti-apartheid activist
  • 1949 Mike Parker, (Rep-D-Mississippi)
  • 1949 Terrence W Wilcutt, Russellville Ky, Major USMC/astronaut (STS 68, 79)
  • 1950 Jozef Stolorz, polish art painter
  • 1950 Zaha Hadid, British architect (London Aquatic Centre), born in Baghdad, Iraq (d. 2016)
  • 1950 Antonio Taguba, US Army Major General
  • 1956 Anders Lago, Swedish Social Democratic politician
  • 1959 Neal Stephenson, American author
  • 1960 Reza Pahlavi, Iran, son of Shah of Iran
  • 1960 Luis Fortuño, Puerto Rican delegate to Congress
  • 1966 Joseph Boyden, Canadian novelist
  • 1971 Toby Anstis, British radio presenter
  • 1974 Julie Minta Gleneck, Miss New Hampshire USA (1996)
  • 1979 Saaphyri Windsor, American reality TV figure
  • 1981 Irina Denezhkina, Russian writer
  • 1981 Selina (Jiaxuan) Ren, member of Taiwanese girl-group S.H.E
  • 2005 Infanta Leonor of Spain, daughter of Felipe, Prince of Asturias and Letizia, Princess of Asturias