1542 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 21 Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
  • Feb 2 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • May 6 Francis Xavier reaches Old Goa, the capital of Portuguese India at the time.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sets sail from the Mexican port of Navidad to explore the west coast of North America on behalf of the Spanish Empire

Conquistador and Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
Conquistador and Explorer
Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo
  • Jul 12 French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
  • Jul 21 Pope Paul III begins inquisition against Protestants (Sactum Officium)
  • Aug 2 French troops leave Flanders
  • Aug 23 Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
  • Aug 24 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • Aug 28 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • Sep 28 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers California, at San Diego Bay, naming it San Miguel and claims it for Spain
  • Oct 7 Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo discovers Catalina Island off the coast of California
  • Nov 22 Spain delegates "New Laws" against slavery in America
  • Nov 24 Battle of Solway Moss: English beat Scottish King James V

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 14 Princess Mary Stuart succeeds her father James V and becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland at 6 days old

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 15 Richard Grenville, English parliament leader/vice-admiral (Roanoke)
  • Jun 24 St. John of the Cross, Spanish Carmelite mystic, saint, priest and poet (d. 1591)
  • Jul 6 Elisabeth van Nassau, daughter of Willem/Juliana van Stolberg
  • Oct 4 Roberto Bellarmino, Italian saint/theologist (Doctor of the Church)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Akbar, 3rd Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605), born in Umerkot, Sindh (d. 1605)

Mughal Emperor Akbar
Mughal Emperor
Akbar

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 8 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland (d. 1587)

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Gerardus Noviomagus, [Gerrit Geldenhauer], Dutch theologist, die at 59
  • Feb 1 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1480)
  • Feb 13 Catharine Howard, queen of England/5th wife of Henry VIII, beheaded

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 21 Hernando de Soto, dies while searching for gold, near Mississippi River

Spanish Explorer and Conquistador Hernando de Soto
Spanish Explorer and Conquistador
Hernando de Soto
  • Jun 19 Leo Jud[ae], Swiss pastor/church reformer
  • Aug 24 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (b. 1483)
  • Aug 29 Cristovão da Gama, Portuguese soldier (born c. 1516)
  • Sep 16 Diego de Almagro, Spanish captain-general of Peru, beheaded
  • Sep 21 Juan Boscán Almogáver, Spanish poet
  • Oct 6 Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b. 1503)
  • Oct 27 Abraham ben Avigdor, rabbi/author (commentary on Tur), dies
  • Dec 14 James V, King of Scots (1513-42), dies at 30
  • Dec 28 Albert Pigge, [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52