1554 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 5 Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Jan 12 Bayinnaung is crowned King of Burma. He would go on to assemble the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia
  • Jan 25 Sir Thomas Wyatt gathers an army in Kent, rebels against Queen Mary
  • Jan 25 Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil
  • Feb 9 Battle at London: Sir Thomas Wyatt defeated and his rebellion against Queen Mary crushed
  • Feb 12 Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason
  • Nov 30 England reconciles with Pope Julius III

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 9 Gregory XV, [Alessandro Ludovisi], pope (1621-23)
  • Jan 20 King Sebastian of Portugal (d. 1578)
  • Mar 26 Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne, French military leader (d. 1611)
  • Mar 27 Everhardus van Bronchorst, Dutch lawyer
  • Jun 5 Elisabeth of Austria, queen consort of France (d. 1592)
  • Nov 30 Philip Sidney, England, poet/statesman/soldier (Arcadia)
  • Dec 17 Ernst of Bayern, prince/bishop of Liege/archbishop of Cologne
  • Dec 19 Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)

Weddings in History

  • Jul 24 Queen Maria of England marries Philip, king of Naples/Jerusalem

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
  • Jan 16 Christiern Pedersen, Danish humanist (b. 1480)
  • Feb 12 Jane Grey, Queen of England for 9 days, beheaded for treason at 16
  • Feb 12 Lord Guildford Dudley, Jane Grey's husband, beheaded at about 19 for treason
  • Feb 21 Hieronymus Bock, German doctor (founder of modern botany), dies
  • Feb 23 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
  • Mar 3 Johann Friedrich, the Generous, Elector of Saxony (1532-47) and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), dies at 50
  • Apr 11 Thomas Wyatt the younger, English rebel (b. 1521)
  • Jun 19 Sixt[us] Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Judith), dies at 53
  • Aug 25 Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English great admiral, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 22 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Spanish explorer and conquistador who led 1st European expedition to discover the Grand Canyon, dies of disease at about 44

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado