1555 in History

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Events in History

  • Feb 9 Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake for heresy
  • Apr 9 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • Apr 17 Siena surrenders to Spanish troops
  • May 23 Giampietro Caraffa elected Pope Paul IV
  • Jul 2 Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola
  • Aug 23 Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
  • Sep 25 Freedom of Religion in Augsburg
  • Sep 30 Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 Emperor Charles V makes Erard of Pallandt earl of Culemborg

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • Oct 21 English parliament refuses to recognize Philip of Spain as king

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Emperor Karel puts son Philip II in charge of Netherlands, Naples and Milan

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • Nov 12 The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
  • Nov 17 William of Orange becomes member of Council of State

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 21 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
  • Aug 1 Edward Kelley, British spirit medium and Renaissance occultist, born in Worcester, England (d. 1597)
  • Sep 23 Louise de Coligny, French 4th wife of Willem of Orange
  • Dec 4 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)
  • Dec 27 Johann Arndt, German Lutherian theologist

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 John Hooper, deprived Bishop of Gloucester, burnt for heresy
  • Feb 9 Rowland Taylor, English clergyman, dies at 44
  • Mar 23 Julius III, [Giovanni M del Monte], Pope (1550-55), dies at 67
  • Mar 27 William Hunter, Protestant martyr
  • Apr 12 Joanna of Castile (Joanna the mad), wife of Philip I of Castile dies at 75
  • May 1 Marcellus II, [Marcello Cervini], Italian Pope (1555), dies at 53
  • May 25 Gemma Frisius, Frisian geographer/astronomer, dies at 46
  • May 25 Henry II of Navarre (b. 1503)
  • Jun 7 Maarten van Rossum, Dutch army leader, dies at about 76
  • Jun 23 Pedro Mascarenhas, Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
  • Aug 8 Oronce Finé, French mathematician (b. 1494)
  • Sep 8 Thomas Villanova, Spanish saint/archbishop of Valencia, dies
  • Oct 7 Louis of Praet, Habsburg diplomat (b. 1488)
  • Oct 9 Justus Jonas, German Protestant reformer (b. 1493)
  • Oct 16 Hugh Latimer, English bishop and royal chaplain, burned at the stake as one of the Oxford Martyrs at 80
  • Oct 16 Nicholas Ridley, English theologist/bishop of Rochester, burned at the stake as an Oxford martyr
  • Nov 12 Stephen Gardiner, English bishop of Winchester, dies at about 65
  • Nov 21 Georg Agricola, [Bauer], German mineralogist (zinc), dies at 61
  • Nov 24 French Vervoort, Flemish mystic (Bruylocht Cleedt), dies at about 65