1564 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 26 The Council of Trent issued its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Philip II routes cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comte

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • Mar 13 Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
  • Apr 11 England & France sign Peace of Troyes
  • Apr 11 Liege prince-bishop Robert van Bergen resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 26 William Shakespeare, is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire

  • May 30 (-31st) The first battle of Öland (between the islands of Gotland and Öland): Lübeck & Denmark beat Sweden
  • Jul 25 Maximilian II succeeds his father Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor
  • Aug 18 Spanish king Philip II joins Council of Trente
  • Sep 29 Robert Dudley becomes Earl of Leicester
  • Oct 18 John Hawkins begins 2nd trip to America
  • Dec 31 Willem van Orange demands freedom of conscience/religion

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 6 Christopher Marlowe, English poet/dramatist (Dr Faustus)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 15 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Mar 9 David Fabricius, Essens Germany, astronomer (discoved variable star)
  • Apr 23 William Shakespeare, English Poet and playwright (Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth), born in Stratford upon Avon, (d. 1616) traditionally regarded as his birthdate,
  • Sep 24 William Adams, English navigator and 1st ever Western Samurai (d. 1620)
  • Nov 22 Henry Brooke, 11th Baron Cobham, English conspirator (d. 1610)
  • Dec 24 Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Hosokawa Ujitsuna, Japanese military commander (b. 1514)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 18 Michelangelo, Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance (David, Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel), dies at 88

Sculptor and Painter Michelangelo
Sculptor and Painter
Michelangelo
  • May 2 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (b. 1500)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 27 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), dies at 54 (b. 1509)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • Jun 2 Gellius Faber, [Jelle Smit], Fries theologist, dies
  • Jul 25 Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1558-64), dies at 61
  • Oct 2 Andreas Vesalius, [Andries of Wesel], Flemish anatomist, dies at 49
  • Oct 3 Christophorus Fabritius, [Christoffel Smit], calvinist vicar, burned
  • Oct 4 Pietro P Vergerio, Italian theologist/bishop of Croatia, dies
  • Oct 18 Johannes Acronius Frisius, German physician and mathematician (b. 1520)