1583 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
  • Jan 12 Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
  • Feb 21 Groningen, Netherlands, begins using Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 18 Dutch States General & Anjou sign treaty
  • Jun 17 Brabant: Duke of Parma beats French mercenaries
  • Jun 18 Richard Martin of London takes out first life insurance policy, on William Gibbons; premium was £383
  • Jun 28 Duke Frans de Valois returns to France
  • Jul 17 Spanish & Walloon troops conquer Dunkerk
  • Aug 5 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire
  • Nov 15 Gelders Earl Willem of the Bergh flees
  • Nov 20 Duke of Parma conquers Aalst

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 8 Simon Episcopius, Dutch bishop/theologist
  • Feb 2 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess
  • Feb 17 J Henry Alting, Dutch theologist
  • Feb 23 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • Mar 3 Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher
  • Apr 10 Hugo Grotius, Holland, jurist, father of international law
  • Jun 16 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent
  • Jun 20 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (d. 1652)
  • Sep 24 Albrecht Eusebius Wenzel von Wallenstein, German general
  • Sep 29 Johan VIII, the Younger, count of Nassau-Siegen/field marshall
  • Nov 24 Juan Martínez de Jáuregui y Aguilar, Spanish poet (d. 1641)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 12 William of Orange marries Louise de Coligny

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 Jeseph Sanalbo, Jewish convert in Rome, burned at stake
  • Feb 18 Antonio Francesco Grazzini, Italian writer (b. 1503)
  • Mar 4 Bernard Gilpin, English clergyman, "Apostle of the North" (b. 1517)
  • Mar 6 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger), dies at 48
  • Mar 18 King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
  • Jun 6 Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
  • Jun 9 Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
  • Jul 6 Edmund Grindal, English bishop of London/archbhp of York, dies at 64
  • Oct 30 Pirro Ligorio, Italian architect/painter/archaeologist, dies at 83
  • Nov 24 René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (b. 1506)
  • Dec 31 Thomas Erastus, Switz, theologist, dies