1585 in History

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Events in History

  • Jan 2 Spain & Catholic France sign Saint League of Joinville
  • Mar 3 The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
  • Apr 5 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • May 19 Spain confisquates English ships
  • Jun 23 Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops
  • Jul 7 King Henri III & Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots lose all freedoms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • Jul 25 Amsterdam bans 45 roman catholics
  • Jul 29 University of Franeker/ University of Friesland opens in the Netherlands
  • Aug 8 Pope Sixtus excommunicates Henry of Navarra (Henri IV)
  • Aug 8 John Davis enters Cumberland Sound in search of the Northwest Passage
  • Aug 10 English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Netherlands
  • Aug 14 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands
  • Aug 17 Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Duke of Parma
  • Aug 27 Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp
  • Dec 20 English fleet & Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, reach Vlissingen

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 6 Claude Favre baron de Perouges seigneur de Vaugelas, French grammarian
  • Jan 27 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
  • Feb 12 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, born in Malmö, Denmark (modern Sweden) (d. 1629)
  • Mar 5 Johann Georg I, elector of Saxon (1611-56) (Peace of Prague)
  • Mar 13 Federico Cesi, Italian Naturalist and founder of the first modern scientific society, the Accademia dei Lincei, 1603, born in Rome, Italy
  • Mar 16 Gerbrant A Bredero, Holland, poet/playwright (Klucht van de Koe)
  • Sep 9 Armand-Jean du Plessicide de Richelieu, premier of France (1624-42)
  • Oct 4 Anna of Tyrol, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1618)
  • Oct 28 Cornelius Otto Jansen, France, Roman Catholic reform leader
  • Nov 1 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer (d. 1652)
  • Dec 13 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 16 Edward Clinton, 1st Earl of Lincoln, English admiral (b. 1512)
  • Feb 6 Edmund Plowden, English legal scholar (b. 1518)
  • Feb 13 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
  • Mar 10 Rembert Dodoens, [Rembertus Dodonaeus], physician/botanist, dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Caspar de Robles, Spanish viceroy of Frisia, dies at about 57
  • Apr 10 Gregory XIII, [Ugo Buoncampagni], Italian Pope (1572-85), dies at 83
  • May 15 Niwa Nagahide, Japanese warlord (b. 1535)
  • Jun 4 Muretus (Marc Antoine de Muret), French humanist, dies at 59
  • Jun 20 Christianus Adrichomius, writer (Theatrum Terrae Sanctae), dies at 52
  • Jul 6 Thomas Aufield, English Catholic martyr (b. 1552)
  • Oct 6 Luca Cambiaso, Italian painter/sculptor, dies
  • Dec 4 John Willock, Scottish reformer